Sapper

sappersPontonierengineersengineercombat engineerDac Congminersappingcombat engineerssappers or engineers
A sapper, also called pioneer or combat engineer, is a combatant or soldier who performs a variety of military engineering duties such as breaching fortifications, demolitions, bridge-building, laying or clearing minefields, preparing field defenses, as well as working on road and airfield construction and repair.wikipedia
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Pioneer (military)

pioneerpioneersPionier
A sapper, also called pioneer or combat engineer, is a combatant or soldier who performs a variety of military engineering duties such as breaching fortifications, demolitions, bridge-building, laying or clearing minefields, preparing field defenses, as well as working on road and airfield construction and repair. A related title is pioneer (pionnier), used only in the French Foreign Legion.
The term is in principle similar to sapper.

Military engineering

military engineerengineerengineers
A sapper, also called pioneer or combat engineer, is a combatant or soldier who performs a variety of military engineering duties such as breaching fortifications, demolitions, bridge-building, laying or clearing minefields, preparing field defenses, as well as working on road and airfield construction and repair.
The construction and demolition tasks related to military engineering are usually performed by military engineers including soldiers trained as sappers or pioneers.

Sapping

Russian sapsapsaps
This digging was referred to as sapping the enemy fortifications.
It is excavated by specialised military units, whose members are often called sappers.

Royal Engineers

Corps of Royal EngineersRoyal EngineerRE
Sapper (abbreviated Spr) is the Royal Engineers' equivalent of private.
The Corps of Royal Engineers, usually just called the Royal Engineers (RE), and commonly known as the Sappers, is a corps of the British Army.

Canadian Military Engineers

Royal Canadian EngineersCorps of Royal Canadian EngineersCanadian Engineers
This is also the case within the Indian Army Corps of Engineers, Pakistan Army Corps of Engineers, Royal Canadian Engineers, Royal Australian Engineers, South African Army Engineer Formation, Jamaica Defence Force Engineer Regiment, and Royal New Zealand Engineers.
One of the most important functions of the Sappers in the war was to dig tunnels for mines underneath enemy trenches, with which to plant explosives to destroy them.

Private (rank)

privateprivatesprivate soldier
Sapper (abbreviated Spr) is the Royal Engineers' equivalent of private.

Combat engineer

combat engineerscombat engineeringEngineer
A sapper, also called pioneer or combat engineer, is a combatant or soldier who performs a variety of military engineering duties such as breaching fortifications, demolitions, bridge-building, laying or clearing minefields, preparing field defenses, as well as working on road and airfield construction and repair. In France, sapper (sapeur) is the title of military combat engineers and firefighters, both civil and military, (sapper-fireman or sapeur-pompier).
A combat engineer (also called field engineer, pioneer or sapper) in many armies is a soldier who performs a variety of construction and demolition tasks under combat conditions.

Madras Engineer Group

Madras SappersQueen Victoria's Own Madras Sappers and MinersMadras Sappers and Miners
Madras Sappers, Bengal Sappers and the Bombay Sappers.
The newly raised army of the Madras Presidency was deficient of combat pioneers who were raised as 'ad hoc' companies and disbanded after the conflicts.

Israeli Combat Engineering Corps

Combat Engineering CorpsEngineering CorpsIsraeli Engineering Corps
Most of the sappers are soldiers of the Combat Engineering Corps, but there are also infantry sappers, who are part of the infantry brigades and are organized in engineering companies called פלחה"ן (palchan). These companies are integral part of the infantry brigades. Combat engineering corps sappers are arranged in battalions.

Soldier

soldiersservicemenmilitary personnel
A sapper, also called pioneer or combat engineer, is a combatant or soldier who performs a variety of military engineering duties such as breaching fortifications, demolitions, bridge-building, laying or clearing minefields, preparing field defenses, as well as working on road and airfield construction and repair.
As a result, "soldiers" are referred to by names or ranks which reflect an individual's military occupation specialty arm, service, or branch of military employment, their type of unit, or operational employment or technical use such as: trooper, tanker (a member of tank crew), commando, dragoon, infantryman, artilleryman, paratrooper, grenadier, ranger, sniper, engineer, sapper, craftsman, signaller, medic, or a gunner.

British Indian Army

Indian ArmyIndianreforms
The three sapper groups are descended from the sapper and miner groups of the East India Company and later the British Indian Army of the British Raj.
British Army ranks such as gunner and sapper were used by other corps.

Bengal Engineer Group

Bengal EngineersBengal Sappers and MinersBengal Sappers
Madras Sappers, Bengal Sappers and the Bombay Sappers.
Among the three Sapper units of the Indian Army, the Bengal Sappers was the first Engineer Group to receive the 'President Colours' in recognition of its service to the nation, on 12 January 1989, by R Venkataraman, the then President of India, who presented the Regimental Colours to Bengal Engineer Group at Roorkee.

Demining

mine clearancemine detectorminesweeping
They are skilled in infantry combat, basic sabotage, landmine planting and demining, use of explosives, breaching and opening routes, trench warfare, and operating the IDF Puma combat engineering vehicle.
The soldiers who carry this out are known as combat engineers, sappers, or pioneers.

Tunnel warfare

minesminemining
Its members were called sappers if their function was to destroy enemy fortifications by using trenches or sape and miners if they engaged in tunnel warfare or mine.
Since antiquity, sappers have used mining against a walled city, fortress, castle or other strongly held and fortified military position.

Grenadier

grenadiersGranatieriGrenadier Company
Since the 18th century, every grenadier battalion in the French Army had a small unit of pioneers, sometimes called sappers-pioneers (sapeurs-pionniers).
Grenadiers would also often lead the storming of fortification breaches in siege warfare, although this role was more usually fulfilled by all-arm units of volunteers called forlorn hopes, and might also be fulfilled by sappers or pioneers.

Royal Australian Engineers

RAEengineersAustralian Engineers
This is also the case within the Indian Army Corps of Engineers, Pakistan Army Corps of Engineers, Royal Canadian Engineers, Royal Australian Engineers, South African Army Engineer Formation, Jamaica Defence Force Engineer Regiment, and Royal New Zealand Engineers.
The Royal Australian Engineers also adopted the Royal Engineers practice of calling their private soldiers "Sappers", in recognition of the fact that the very earliest engineers had been primarily concerned with driving saps (tunnels) both towards the enemy lines, and underneath fortifications.

Rifleman

riflemenRfnHuntsmen
Each sapper goes through high level infantry training, which qualifies him as rifleman 06 (רובאי 06).

Military engineering vehicle

combat engineering vehicleAEVCEV
They are skilled in infantry combat, basic sabotage, landmine planting and demining, use of explosives, breaching and opening routes, trench warfare, and operating the IDF Puma combat engineering vehicle.
Another type of CEVs are armoured fighting vehicles which are used to transport sappers (combat engineers) and can be fitted with a bulldozer's blade and other mine-breaching devices.

Battle of FSB Mary Ann

Fire Support Base Mary AnnFirebase Mary AnnFSB Mary Ann
An instance of a successful sapper attack conducted by the Viet Cong was the during the Battle of Fire Base Mary Ann.
The Battle of FSB Mary Ann occurred when Viet Cong (VC) sappers attacked the U.S. firebase located in Quảng Tín Province, South Vietnam early on the morning of 28 March 1971.

Firefighter

firefightersfiremanfiremen
In France, sapper (sapeur) is the title of military combat engineers and firefighters, both civil and military, (sapper-fireman or sapeur-pompier).
French civilian fire services, which historically are derived from French army sapper units, use French Army ranks.

Tabs of the United States Army

Ranger TabSapper TabRanger
Along with the Sapper Tab, the Special Forces Tab, Ranger Tab, and President's Hundred Tab identify soldiers who have passed a demanding course of military instruction and demonstrated their competence in particular specialities and skills.
The Sapper Tab is a qualification tab which is authorized for graduates of the U.S. Army's Sapper School.

Special forces

Special Operations Forcesspecial operations forcespecial operations
While not always successful due to lack of appropriate personal weapon types for combat and assault like other special forces, at times they inflicted heavy damage against their enemies.
During the Napoleonic wars, rifle and sapper units were formed that held specialised roles in reconnaissance and skirmishing and were not committed to the formal battle lines.

2nd Engineer Regiment (Italy)

2nd Alpine Engineer Regiment2nd Engineer Regiment2nd Assault Engineers Regiment

French Foreign Legion

Foreign LegionLegionnaireslegionnaire
A related title is pioneer (pionnier), used only in the French Foreign Legion.
The sapper traditionally sport large beards, wear leather aprons and gloves and hold axes.

Siege of Yorktown

YorktownBattle of Yorktownsurrender at Yorktown
For example, after the Battle of Yorktown, General Washington cited Louis Lebègue Duportail, the Chief of Engineers, for conduct which afforded "brilliant proofs of his military genius."
That night the sappers and miners worked, putting strips of pine on the wet sand to mark the path of the trenches.