Sapta Puri

A view of Ayodhya in 1783 then called Oudh, Uttar Pradesh
Krishna defeats his uncle Kansa, the evil king of Mathura, at Mathura.
Har-ki-Pauri at Haridwar
Famous Dashashwamedh Ghat
Festival of the Ganges River worship by arti at Dashashwamedh Ghat, Uttar Pradesh
Kailasanathar Temple, Kanchipuram
Mahakal temple at Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh
A Painting depicting Krishna's Dwarka made during Akbar's reign from the Smithsonian Institution

The Sapta Puri (Sanskrit: सप्त-पुरी , a Sanskrit meaning "seven cities") are the seven holy pilgrimage centres in India.

- Sapta Puri

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City in Ujjain district of the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh.

The Mahavira Tapo Bhumi.
The famed historical Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga temple is in Ujjain
The Jantar Mantar at Ujjain was commissioned by Jai Singh II (1688-1743) of Jaipur.
Harsiddhi Marg in Ujjain
Ujjain Station
Ujjain-Indore Highway

It is one of the Hindu pilgrimage centres of Sapta Puri famous for the Kumbh Mela held there every 12 years.


City and the administrative headquarters of Mathura district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.

Along the Ghats of Mathura (circa 1880)
General view of the excavations in January 1889 at Kankali Tila, Mathura
Gate of Shet Lukhmeechund's Temple, a photo by Eugene Clutterbuck Impey, 1860s.
Statue of Kanishka I, second century CE, Mathura Museum.
Sculpture of woman from ancient Braj-Mathura ca. second century CE.
Entrance to the Shri Krishna Janmabhoomi temple complex.

It is one of the Sapta Puri, the seven cities considered holy by Hindus, also called Mokshyadayni Tirth.


City situated on the banks of holy river Saryu in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.

Terracotta image of Jain Tirthankar dated fourth century BCE excavated from Ayodhya
Gold carving depiction of the legendary Ayodhya at the Ajmer Jain temple
The Dhanadeva-Ayodhya inscription, first-century BC
Coin of ruler Muladeva, of the Deva dynasty minted in Ayodhya, Kosala. Obv: Muladevasa, elephant to left facing symbol. Rev: Wreath, above symbol, below snake.
Ayodhya in 1785 as seen from river Ghaghara; painting by William Hodges. It depicts the Svargadvar Ghat. A mosque of Aurangzeb period in the background.
United Provinces of Agra and Oudh, showing 'Ajodhia', 1903 map
Deepawali being celebrated at Ram ki Paidi ghat on the banks of Sarayu river in Ayodhya
Panoramic view of Ram ki Paidi ghat
Hanuman Garhi Temple
Sant Sri Paltds Temple
Sign board of Ayodhya Junction railway station
Kanak Bhavan Temple dedicated to Rama and his consort Sita is in the centre of Ayodhya.
Ayodhya Ghaat on the bank Ghaghara river
Ghaghra river, locally known as Saryu, at Faizabad
Hanuman Garhi temple. A young priest is operating the Darshan system.
Vijayraghav Mandir, Ayodhya
Steps on the bank of the Ghaghara

Owing to the belief as the birthplace of Ram, Ayodhya has been regarded as one of the seven most important pilgrimage sites for Hindus.


City and a municipality of Devbhumi Dwarka district in the state of Gujarat in Western India.

Dwarika Jagat Mandir (or Dwarkadhish Temple), view from entrance of the city.
A painting depicting Krishna's Dwarka, made during Akbar's reign, from the Smithsonian Institution.
Dwarka in a painting of the late 1820s
View of Dwarka from the south bank of the Gomti creek, 1909
Sudama Setu
The late evening in the sea shores of Dwarka Beach
Pilgrims at Rukmani Temple
A street vendor in Dwarka
Dwarakadhisa Temple
Rukmini Devi Temple
Lighthouse at the Dwarka Point
Bet Dwarka coast
Nageshwar Mandir
An American Guru distributing love of God among Indians and others in Dwarka

Dwarka is one of four sacred Hindu pilgrimage sites collectively called the Chardham, and is one of the seven-most-ancient religious cities (Sapta Puri) in India.


Sacred historic city in the sacred literature of Hinduism, Jainism, and Buddhism.

Dvaraka, modern Dwarka, is the setting for many chapters in Harivamsa. The city is described as near the sea, in modern-era Gujarat; a painting of the city in the 19th century (lower).
View of Dwaraka

Dvaraka is one of the Sapta Puri (seven sacred cities) of Hinduism.


City on the Ganges river in northern India that has a central place in pilgrimage, death, and mourning in the Hindu world, even as the traditions are transformed in the face of modernization, generational changes and emigration.

Kabir, a 15th-century Indian mystic poet and saint
Banarasi sari
Tourists shopping for jewellery in Varanasi
Ganges view from Bhadaini water works, Varanasi
Ramnagar Fort was built in 1750 by Kashi Naresh Raja Balwant Singh.
Alamgiri Mosque
Memorial of Sant Ravidas at Sant Ravidas Ghat
Sarnath, the suburb of Varanasi
Bharat Kala Bhavan Museum, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
Wall paintings, Varanasi, 1973
Sant Goswami Tulsidas Awadhi Hindi poet and propagator of Bhakthi music in Varanasi
Krishna standing on serpent Kaliya during Nag Nathaiya festival in Varanasi
The Banaras Hindu University in Varanasi
Indian Institute of Technology in Varanasi
The Lal Bahadur Shastri International Airport is the main airport that serves Varanasi.
Varanasi Junction, is the main railway station which serves Varanasi.
Banaras railway station at night
Ring Road Phase I
Road in Varanasi Cantonment
BLW manufactured locomotives hauling load across the nation.
A lithograph by James Prinsep (1832) of a Brahmin placing a garland on the holiest location in the city.
A painting by Edwin Lord Weeks (1883) of Varanasi, viewed from the Ganges.
An illustration (1890) of Bathing Ghat in Varanasi.
Maharaja of Benares, 1870s.
Map of the city, c. 1914.
An 1895 photograph of the Varanasi riverfront.
The lanes of Varanasi are bathed in a plethora of colours.
Dashashwamedh Ghat
Manikarnika Ghat
The Jain Ghat/Bachraj Ghat
Kedar Ghat during Kartika Purnima
The Kashi Vishwanath Temple, the most important temple in Varanasi.
Shri Vishwanath Mandir has the tallest temple tower in the world.<ref name="Brief description">{{cite news|title=Brief description|publisher=Benaras Hindu University website|access-date=7 March 2015|url=|url-status=dead |archive-url= |archive-date=17 May 2018}}</ref>
The 18th century Durga Kund Temple
Parshvanath Jain temple

It is regarded as one of seven holy cities (Sapta Puri) which can provide Moksha; Ayodhya, Mathura, Haridwar, Kashi, Kanchi, Avanti, and Dvārakā are the seven cities known as the givers of liberation.


City in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu in the Tondaimandalam region, 72 km from Chennai – the capital of Tamil Nadu.

Sculptures inside Kanchipuram Kailasanathar Temple – the oldest existing temple in the city
The Battle of Pollilur, fought near Kanchipuram in 1780
Kanchipuram Loksabha constituency
A house depicting old living style of Kanchipuram
Silk Saree Weaving at Kanchipuram
Kanchipuram Silk Sarees hanging
Agriculture in Kanchipuram
Bodhidharma is believed to have spread Zen school of Buddhism from India to China
Trilokyanatha Temple
Painted ceiling with Jain munis
Ekambareswarar temple – the largest temple in the city
Sculpted pillars and stone chain in Varadharaja Perumal Temple

Hindus regard Kanchipuram to be one of the seven holiest cities in India, the Sapta Puri.

Uttar Pradesh

State in northern India.

A part of the Gangetic Plain
Monsoon clouds over Indirapuram
Divisions of Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh is the largest subdivion by population in the world. The red area has a smaller population than Uttar Pradesh.
Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha), the lower house of the bicameral legislature.
Logo of Uttar Pradesh Police, the largest police force in the world.
Sown saplings of rice in a paddy; located in the rich fertile Indo-Gangetic Plain, agriculture is the largest employment generator in the state.
IT premise in Noida, which is known for infrastructure and services, as well as high-end housing complexes.
A section of Delhi–Noida Direct Flyway
Indian field hockey legend Major Dhyan Chand
Ekana Cricket Stadium in Lucknow.
JRHU is the world's first school for the handicapped
Central Drug Research Institute, an autonomous multidisciplinary research institute
Kumbh Mela 2013 at Sangam, Allahabad
The battle of Kurukshetra, folio from the Mahabharata
Kathak dancer performing
Devotees inside Krishna temple during Lathmaar Holi
Uttar Pradeshi thali with naan, sultani dal, raita, and shahi paneer
Paan (betel leaves) being served with silver foil
Anandabodhi tree in Jetavana Monastery, Sravasti
A hybrid nasturtium (Tropaeolum majus) showing nectar spur, found mainly in Hardoi district
View of the Terai region
The threatened Gharial (Gavialis gangeticus) is a large fish-eating crocodilian found in the Ganges River

Varanasi a major religious hub, is the holiest of the seven sacred cities (Sapta Puri) in Hinduism and Jainism.


Indian painter.

Self-Portrait at the age of 20
Raja Balwant Singh viewing a painting, with Nainsukh behind him
Raja Balwant Singh making a Hindu puja, c. 1750
Raja Dhrub Dev assesses a horse; it was usual for horses to be shown off in front of a white sheet, to better appreciate their form
Mian Mukund Dev of Jasrota out on a ride, ascribed to Nainsukh, c. 1740–1745 (Victoria & Albert Museum, London)
Portrait of a singer, 1750–55
The Poet Bihari Offers Homage to Radha and Krishna, 1760–65
Radha and Krishna, c. 1775, "first generation after Nainsukh"
King Dasharatha Approaches the Sulking Kaikeyi's Chamber, from the Ramayana, Nainsukh
Family of Nainsukh, Heroine Rushing to Her Lover (Abhisarika Nayika) Late 18th century
The Musical Mode, Surmananda
The Musical Mode, Gauri
Raja Balwant Singh watches performers
''Shiva and Parvati, Seated on Mount Kailasa

Haridwar is one of the Sapta Puri or "Seven Holy Places" of Hinduism, and the ashes were to be cast on the river Ganges in a common funerary ritual.

Hindu pilgrimage sites in India

Considered most scared), the ghats (water bodies with stairs such as Ghats in Varanasi), or the stepwells (among these the rani ki vav in the form of inverted temple is considered most spectacular), or the temple tanks.

Shakumbhari devi,right side Bhima and Bhramari left side Goddess Shatakshi
Varanasi is one of the main pilgrimage sites.
Dwaraka temple
Tirupati temple
Jagannath temple
Badrinath temple
Amarnath temple
Prem Mandir, Vrindavan
Guruvayoor Temple

In order of importance, in India there are 7 Sapta Puri holy cities, 4 Dhams (Char Dham) and 12 Jyotirlings devoted to the Lord Shiva, 51 Shakti Pithas devoted to the feminine manifestation of the god, and the important Lord Rama circuit (Ayodhya, Chitrakoot, Hampi and Rameswaram) and Lord Krishna circuit (Braj, Kurukshetra and Dwarka).