Sasanian civil war of 589-591

a rebellionmajor rebellionrebelledrebelled against Hormizd IVrebellionRebellion of Bahram Chobinresponded by rebellingSasanian (589-591), civil war ofSasanian civil warwho had rebelled against Hormizd IV
The Sasanian civil war of 589-591 was a conflict that broke out in 589, due to the great deal of dissatisfaction among the nobles towards the rule of Hormizd IV. The civil war lasted until 591, ending with the overthrow of the Mihranid usurper Bahram Chobin and the restoration of the Sasanian family as the rulers of Iran.wikipedia
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Hormizd IV

Hormizd
The Sasanian civil war of 589-591 was a conflict that broke out in 589, due to the great deal of dissatisfaction among the nobles towards the rule of Hormizd IV. Khosrow was quite successful in these reforms, and after his death in 579, he was succeeded by his son Hormizd IV, who continued his father's policies, but in a harsher way; in order to control the elites, he, in the words of Shapur Shahbazi, "resorted to harshness, denigration, and execution."
Jealous of Bahram's success, Hormizd IV had him disgraced and dismissed, which led to a rebellion led by Bahram, which marked the start of the Sasanian civil war of 589-591.

Bahram Chobin

Bahrām ChobinBahrām ChōbinBahram VI
The civil war lasted until 591, ending with the overthrow of the Mihranid usurper Bahram Chobin and the restoration of the Sasanian family as the rulers of Iran.
Bahram began a rebellion aiming to reestablish the "more rightful" Arsacid Empire, identifying himself with the promised savior of the Zoroastrian faith.

Khosrow II

Khosrau IIChosroes IIKhosrow Parviz
His son, Khosrow II, was thereafter crowned as king.
Bahram, infuriated by Hormizd's actions, responded by rebelling, and due to his noble status and great military knowledge, was joined by his soldiers and many others.

Vistahm

rebellion of Vistahm
This eventually made Bahram Chobin start a major rebellion, while the two Ispahbudhan brothers Vistahm and Vinduyih made a palace coup against him, resulting in the blinding and eventually death of Hormizd IV.
Bahram, whose revolt quickly attracted widespread support, marched on the capital, Ctesiphon.

Maurice (emperor)

MauriceEmperor MauriceMaurikios
Khosrow II was eventually forced to flee to Byzantine territory, where he made an alliance with the Byzantine emperor Maurice against Bahram Chobin.
The former Persian commander-in-chief, Bahram Chobin, who had rebelled against Hormizd IV, claimed the throne for himself and defeated Khosrau.

Adurbadagan

AdarbadaganAtropateneAdhurpadagan
The route taken by Bahram was presumably the northern edge of the Iranian plateau, where he repelled a Roman-funded attack by Iberians and others on Adurbadagan, and suffered a minor setback by a Roman force employed in Transcaucasia.
The following year, Bahram Chobin, after having been disgraced by king Hormizd IV, rebelled against him, and quickly managed to take control over the whole Sasanian Empire.

Sarames the Elder

Another force under Sarames the Elder was also sent to stop Bahram, who defeated him and had him trampled to death by elephants.
When Bahram Chobin rebelled against Hormizd IV, Sarames was sent to suppress his rebellion, but was defeated and captured by the latter, who had him trampled to death by elephants.

Zoarab

Zoarab then joined the rebellion of Bahram Chobin, while Sarames joined a group of dissatisfied nobles led by Vistahm and Vinduyih.

Battle of Blarathon

BlarathonBlarathon, Battle ofvictorious conclusion
Meanwhile, Khosrow's two uncles and John Mystacon conquered northern Azerbaijan and went further south in the region, where they defeated Bahram at Blarathon.

Sasanian Empire

SassanidSasanianSassanid Empire
590: Rebellion of Bahram Chobin and other Sasanian nobles, Khosrau II overthrows Hormizd IV but loses the throne to Bahram Chobin.

Azen Gushnasp

Regardless, Bahram Chobin was later dismissed by Hormizd, which resulted in the latter starting a major rebellion.

Bahram Siyavashan

Bahram Siyavashan (Middle Persian: Wahrām Siyāvakhšan) was an Iranian commander, who supported the distinguished Sasanian military leader Bahram Chobin, and played an active role in the early stages of the Sasanian civil war of 589-591, till he was killed by Bahram Chobin himself in 590 after trying to assassinate the latter.

House of Mihran

MihranidMihran familyMihran
The civil war lasted until 591, ending with the overthrow of the Mihranid usurper Bahram Chobin and the restoration of the Sasanian family as the rulers of Iran.

Iran

PersiaIslamic Republic of IranIranian
The civil war lasted until 591, ending with the overthrow of the Mihranid usurper Bahram Chobin and the restoration of the Sasanian family as the rulers of Iran.

House of Ispahbudhan

IspahbudhanIspahbudhan familyAspahbad
This eventually made Bahram Chobin start a major rebellion, while the two Ispahbudhan brothers Vistahm and Vinduyih made a palace coup against him, resulting in the blinding and eventually death of Hormizd IV.

Vinduyih

This eventually made Bahram Chobin start a major rebellion, while the two Ispahbudhan brothers Vistahm and Vinduyih made a palace coup against him, resulting in the blinding and eventually death of Hormizd IV.

Parthian Empire

ParthianParthiansArsacid
However, this did not change the mind of Bahram Chobin, who wanted to restore Parthian rule in Iran.

Byzantine Empire

ByzantineEastern Roman EmpireByzantines
Khosrow II was eventually forced to flee to Byzantine territory, where he made an alliance with the Byzantine emperor Maurice against Bahram Chobin.

Mesopotamia

MesopotamianMesopotamiansAncient Iraq
In 591, Khosrow II and his Byzantine allies invaded Bahram Chobin's territories in Mesopotamia, where they successfully managed to defeat him, while Khosrow II regained the throne.

Turkic peoples

TurkicTurksTurkish
Bahram Chobin thereafter fled to the territory of the Turks in Transoxiana, but was not long afterwards assassinated or executed at the instigation of Khosrow II.

Transoxiana

TransoxaniaMawarannahrTransoxiania
Bahram Chobin thereafter fled to the territory of the Turks in Transoxiana, but was not long afterwards assassinated or executed at the instigation of Khosrow II.

Khosrow I

Khosrau IChosroes IChosroes
When Khosrow I ascended the Sasanian throne in 531, he began a series of reforms that was started by his father and predecessor Kavadh I.

Kavad I

Kavadh IKavadKavadh
When Khosrow I ascended the Sasanian throne in 531, he began a series of reforms that was started by his father and predecessor Kavadh I.

Alireza Shapour Shahbazi

ShahbaziShapur ShahbaziA. Shahbazi
Khosrow was quite successful in these reforms, and after his death in 579, he was succeeded by his son Hormizd IV, who continued his father's policies, but in a harsher way; in order to control the elites, he, in the words of Shapur Shahbazi, "resorted to harshness, denigration, and execution."

Zoroastrianism

ZoroastrianZoroastriansZoroastrian religion
Hormizd also declined the requests of the Zoroastrian priesthood to persecute the Christians.