Satanism

SatanicSatanistSatanistsSatanic cultdiabolismSatanic ritualsdevil worshippersSatan worshippersdevil worshipatheistic Satanism
Satanism is a group of ideological and philosophical beliefs based on Satan.wikipedia
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Devil in popular culture

SatanDevilconcept of Satan
Satanism, and the concept of Satan, has also been used by artists and entertainers for symbolic expression.

Theistic Satanism

devil worshipSatanismTheistic Satanist
Satanist groups that appeared after the 1960s are widely diverse, but two major trends are theistic Satanism and atheistic Satanism.
The internet has increased awareness of different beliefs among Satanists, and has led to more diverse groups, but Satanism has always been a pluralistic and decentralised religion.

Satanic ritual abuse

Satanic panicritual abusesatanic ritual
In the 1980s and 1990s, the Satanic ritual abuse hysteria spread through the United States and the United Kingdom, amid fears that groups of Satanists were regularly sexually abusing and murdering children in their rites.
The underpinnings for the contemporary moral panic were found in a rise of five factors in the years leading up to the 1980s: the establishment of fundamentalist Christianity and political organization of the Moral Majority; the rise of the anti-cult movement which spread ideas of abusive cults kidnapping and brainwashing children and teens; the appearance of the Church of Satan and other explicitly Satanist groups that added a kernel of truth to the existence of Satanic cults; the development of the social work or child protection field, and its struggle to have child sexual abuse recognized as a social problem and a serious crime; and the popularization of posttraumatic stress disorder, repressed memory, and corresponding survivor movement.

Taxil hoax

anti-masonic hoaxDiana Vaughanhis claims were all a hoax
The idea of a vast Satanic conspiracy reached new heights with the influential Taxil hoax of France in the 1890s, which claimed that Freemasonry worshiped Satan, Lucifer, and Baphomet in their rituals.
The first book produced by Taxil after his conversion was a four-volume history of Freemasonry, which contained fictitious eyewitness verifications of their participation in Satanism.

Mike Warnke

Michael Warnke
In the United States during the 1960s and 1970s, various Christian preachers—the most famous being Mike Warnke in his 1972 book The Satan-Seller—claimed that they had been members of Satanic groups who carried out sex rituals and animal sacrifices before discovering Christianity.
Before being debunked by the Christian magazine Cornerstone, he was viewed as an "expert" on Satanism in the 1980s.

Freemasonry

FreemasonFreemasonsMasonic
The idea of a vast Satanic conspiracy reached new heights with the influential Taxil hoax of France in the 1890s, which claimed that Freemasonry worshiped Satan, Lucifer, and Baphomet in their rituals.
In contrast to Catholic allegations of rationalism and naturalism, Protestant objections are more likely to be based on allegations of mysticism, occultism, and even Satanism.

Witchcraft

witchwitchessorcery
This commonly involves a belief in witches, a group of individuals who invert the norms of their society and seek to harm their community, for instance by engaging in incest, murder, and cannibalism.
The two major trends are theistic Satanism and atheistic Satanism; the former venerates Satan as a supernatural patriarchal deity, while the latter views Satan as merely a symbolic embodiment of certain human traits.

Montague Summers

Summers, Montague
At the same time, non-fiction authors like Montague Summers and Rollo Ahmed published books claiming that Satanic groups practicing black magic were still active across the world, although they provided no evidence that this was the case.
He never proceeded to higher orders, however, probably because of rumours of his interest in Satanism and accusations of sexual impropriety with young boys, for which he was tried and acquitted.

Slayer

SlayerBlack SlayerSlayer (band)
In the 1980s, greater use of Satanic imagery was made by heavy metal bands like Slayer, Kreator, Sodom, and Destruction.
The band's lyrics and album art, which cover topics such as murder, serial killers, torture, genocide, human experimentation, Satanism, hate crimes, terrorism, religion, antireligion, Nazism, racism, war and prison, have generated album bans, delays, lawsuits and criticism from religious groups and factions of the general public.

Black Widow (band)

Black WidowClive Beer-Jones
During the 1960s and 1970s, several rock bands—namely the American Coven and the British Black Widow—employed the imagery of Satanism and witchcraft in their work.
The band were mostly known for their early use of satanic and occult imagery in their music and stage act.

Black metal

melodic black metalblackatmospheric black metal
Satanism would come to be more closely associated with the subgenre of black metal, in which it was foregrounded over the other themes that had been used in death metal.
Many artists express extreme anti-Christian and misanthropic views, advocating various forms of Satanism or ethnic paganism.

Dennis Wheatley

Denis WheatleyGregory Sallust
In the early 20th century, the British novelist Dennis Wheatley produced a range of influential novels in which his protagonists battled Satanic groups.
Background themes included the French Revolution (the Roger Brook series), Satanism (the Duke de Richleau series), World War II (the Gregory Sallust series) and espionage (the Julian Day novels).

Deicide (band)

DeicideBrian Hoffman Deicide
Bands active in the subgenre of death metal—among them Deicide, Morbid Angel, and Entombed—also adopted Satanic imagery, combining it with other morbid and dark imagery, such as that of zombies and serial killers.
Deicide is known for their lyrics, which cover topics such as Satanism, anti-Christianity and blasphemy.

King Diamond

eponymous vocalistKim PetersenKing
However, the first black metal act to more seriously adopt Satanism was Mercyful Fate, whose vocalist, King Diamond, joined the Church of Satan.
Mercyful Fate were part of the first wave of black metal in the early to mid-1980s and many of the band's songs featured lyrics by Diamond about Satanism and the occult.

Church of Satan

The Church of SatanSatanican actual satanic church
However, the first black metal act to more seriously adopt Satanism was Mercyful Fate, whose vocalist, King Diamond, joined the Church of Satan. Contemporary religious practice of Satanism began with the founding of the Church of Satan in 1966, although a few historical precedents exist.

Morbid Angel

Trey AzagthothSteve TuckerRichard Brunelle
Bands active in the subgenre of death metal—among them Deicide, Morbid Angel, and Entombed—also adopted Satanic imagery, combining it with other morbid and dark imagery, such as that of zombies and serial killers.
The band's original lyrical themes, when helmed by Vincent (and Azagthoth and Browning respectively) focused mostly on Satanism, occultism and anti-Christian subject matter, but from Formulas Fatal to the Flesh onward, via Azagthoth's influence, the lyrics moved toward the ancient Sumerian gods.

Our Lady of Endor Coven

Ophite Cultus Satanas
Called the Our Lady of Endor Coven, it was led by a man named Herbert Sloane, who described his Satanic tradition as the Ophite Cultus Sathanas and alleged that it had been established in the 1940s.
Our Lady of Endor Coven, also known as Ophite Cultus Sathanas, was a Satanic cult claimed to have been founded in 1948 by Herbert Arthur Sloane (born September 3, 1905, died June 16, 1975) in Cleveland, Ohio, though some argue that it was not conceived of until 1968, after Sloane's contact with the Church of Satan.

Aleister Crowley

CrowleyCrowley, Aleister Aleister Crowley: The Beast 666
Both during his life and after it, the British occultist Aleister Crowley has been widely described as a Satanist, usually by detractors.
He has been called "the wickedest man in the world" and labeled as a Satanist by the popular press.

Moral panic

moral panicspublic outcrymoral outrage
At the end of the twentieth century, a moral panic developed around claims regarding a Devil-worshipping cult that made use of sexual abuse, murder, and cannibalism in its rituals, with children being among its victims.
At various times, Dungeons & Dragons and other tabletop role-playing games have been accused of promoting such practices as Satanism, witchcraft, suicide, pornography and murder.

European witchcraft

witchcraftwitcheswitch
This came about as the accusations which had been leveled at medieval heretics, among them that of devil-worship, were applied to the pre-existing idea of the witch, or practitioner of malevolent magic.
Much of our knowledge of herbalism in European witchcraft comes from the Spanish Inquisitors and other authorities, who occasionally recognized the psychological nature of the "witches' flight", but more often considered the effects of witches' ointments to be demonic or satanic.

Heavy metal music

heavy metalmetalmetal music
References to Satan also appeared in the work of those rock bands which were pioneering the heavy metal genre in Britain during the 1970s.
The American psychedelic rock band Coven, who opened for early heavy metal influencers such as Vanilla Fudge and the Yardbirds, portrayed themselves as practitioners of witchcraft or black magic, using dark—Satanic or occult—imagery in their lyrics, album art, and live performances.

Venom (band)

VenomAbaddonVenom Inc.
The first black metal band, Venom, proclaimed themselves to be Satanists, although this was more an act of provocation than an expression of genuine devotion to the Devil.
Since the beginning of their career, Venom have often used "Satanic" lyrics and imagery.

Stanisław Przybyszewski

Stanislaw PrzybyszewskiPrzybyszewski
The first person to promote a Satanic philosophy was the Pole Stanislaw Przybyszewski, who promoted a Social Darwinian ideology.
It was there that he became fascinated by the philosophy of Nietzsche, began referring to himself as a Satanist and immersed himself into the bohemian life of the city.

Death metal

deathbrutal death metalSlam death metal
Bands active in the subgenre of death metal—among them Deicide, Morbid Angel, and Entombed—also adopted Satanic imagery, combining it with other morbid and dark imagery, such as that of zombies and serial killers.
The lyrical themes of death metal may invoke slasher film-stylised violence, but may also extend to topics like religion (sometimes including Satanism), occultism, Lovecraftian horror, nature, mysticism, mythology, theology, philosophy, science fiction, and politics.

Bathory (band)

BathoryKothaar
Satanic themes were also used by the black metal bands Bathory and Hellhammer.
The band's lyrics focused on 'dark' topics and included anti-Christian and 'Satanic' references.