Satyajit Ray

RayRāy, SatyajitSatyajit Ray AwardSatyajit Ray PresentsSatyajith Ray
Satyajit Ray (2 May 1921 – 23 April 1992) was an Indian filmmaker, screenwriter, graphic artist, music composer and author, widely regarded as one of the greatest filmmakers of the 20th century.wikipedia
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Professor Shonku

Feluda, the sleuth, and Professor Shonku, the scientist in his science fiction stories, are popular fictional characters created by him.
Professor Shonku is a fictional scientist created by Satyajit Ray (1921–1992) in a series of Bengali science fiction books published from 1965.

Pather Panchali

film of the same nameSong of the Road
Ray's first film, Pather Panchali (1955), won eleven international prizes, including the inaugural Best Human Document award at the 1956 Cannes Film Festival.
Pather Panchali (পথের পাঁচালী, "Song of the Little Road") is a 1955 Indian Bengali-language drama film written and directed by Satyajit Ray and produced by the Government of West Bengal.

Feluda

Feluda (2017)Feluda: The Kathmandu CaperPradosh Chandra Mitra (Feluda)
Feluda, the sleuth, and Professor Shonku, the scientist in his science fiction stories, are popular fictional characters created by him.
Feluda, or Prodosh Chandra Mitra, who also uses the Anglicised name Pradosh C. Mitter, is a fictional Bengali private investigator starring in a series of Bengali novels of Indian fictional detective novels and short stories written by Indian Bengali film director and writer Satyajit Ray.

The Apu Trilogy

Apu TrilogyApuApu-trilogy
This film, along with Aparajito (1956) and Apur Sansar (The World of Apu) (1959), form The Apu Trilogy.
The Apu Trilogy comprises three Bengali films directed by Satyajit Ray: Pather Panchali (1955), Aparajito (1956) and The World of Apu (1959).

Aparajito

film of the same nameThe Unvanquished
This film, along with Aparajito (1956) and Apur Sansar (The World of Apu) (1959), form The Apu Trilogy.
Aparajito (অপরাজিত Ôporajito; The Unvanquished) is a 1956 Indian Bengali drama film written and directed by Satyajit Ray (1921–1992), and is the second part of The Apu Trilogy.

Silver Bear for Best Director

Best DirectorSilver BearBerlin Film Festival Silver Bear Award for Silver Bear for Best Director
Ray received many major awards in his career, including 32 Indian National Film Awards, a Golden Lion, a Golden Bear, 2 Silver Bears, a number of additional awards at international film festivals and award ceremonies, and an Academy Honorary Award in 1992.
Satyajit Ray (1964, 1965)

Sukumar Ray

Rāy, Sukumār
Sukumar Ray, Upendrakishore's son and father of Satyajit, was a pioneering Bengali writer of nonsense rhyme (Abol tabol) and children's literature, an illustrator and a critic.
He was the son of children's story writer Upendrakishore Ray, the father of filmmaker Satyajit Ray and grandfather of filmmaker Sandip Ray.

Visva-Bharati University

Visva Bharati UniversityVisva BharatiVisva-Bharati
In 1940, his mother insisted that he studied at the Visva-Bharati University at Santiniketan, founded by Rabindranath Tagore.
The English daily, The Nation, notes, "Using the money he received with his Nobel Prize for Literature in 1913, the school was expanded and renamed Visva-Bharati University. It grew to become one of India's most renowned places of higher learning, with a list of alumni that includes Nobel-winning economist Amartya Sen, globally renowned filmmaker Satyajit Ray and the country's leading art historian R. Siva Kumar, to name just a few."

Golden Lion

Golden Lion Honorary AwardCareer Golden LionGrand International Prize of Venice
Ray received many major awards in his career, including 32 Indian National Film Awards, a Golden Lion, a Golden Bear, 2 Silver Bears, a number of additional awards at international film festivals and award ceremonies, and an Academy Honorary Award in 1992.

Independent film

independentindieindie film
Starting his career as a commercial artist, Ray was drawn into independent filmmaking after meeting French filmmaker Jean Renoir and viewing Vittorio De Sica's Italian neorealist film Bicycle Thieves (1948) during a visit to London.
As the 1950s progressed, the new low-budget paradigm of filmmaking gained increased recognition internationally, with films such as Satyajit Ray's critically acclaimed Apu Trilogy (1955–1959).

Sandip Ray

Sandip
The couple had a son, Sandip, who is now a film director.
He is the only child of the noted Bengali director Satyajit Ray and Bijoya Ray.

Golden Bear

Honorary Golden BearGolden Bear AwardGolden Berlin Bear
Ray received many major awards in his career, including 32 Indian National Film Awards, a Golden Lion, a Golden Bear, 2 Silver Bears, a number of additional awards at international film festivals and award ceremonies, and an Academy Honorary Award in 1992.

Chidananda Dasgupta

Along with Chidananda Dasgupta and others, Ray founded the Calcutta Film Society in 1947.
Chidananda Das Gupta (20 November 1921 – 22 May 2011) (family name sometimes spelled 'Dashgupta' and 'Dasgupta' ) was a Bengali Indian filmmaker, film critic, a film historian and one of the founders of Calcutta Film Society with Satyajit Ray in 1947.

Bharat Ratna

Bharat Ratna laureateBharatratnaBR
The Government of India honored him with the Bharat Ratna, its highest civilian award, in 1992.
Satyajit Ray received an Academy Honorary Award in 1992 followed by the Bharat Ratna the same year.

Bijoya Ray

BijoyaBijoya Das
In 1949, Ray married Bijoya Das, his first cousin and long-time sweetheart.
Bijoya Ray (27 October 1917 – 2 June 2015) was the wife of the Indian filmmaker Satyajit Ray.

Ritwik Ghatak

Ritwik Ghatak-directedRitwik Kumar Ghatak
Critics such as Mrinal Sen and Ritwik Ghatak rank it higher than Ray's first film.
Along with prominent contemporary Bengali filmmakers Satyajit Ray and Mrinal Sen, his cinema is primarily remembered for its meticulous depiction of social reality.

Mrinal Sen

Critics such as Mrinal Sen and Ritwik Ghatak rank it higher than Ray's first film.
Along with his contemporaries Satyajit Ray and Ritwik Ghatak, he was often considered to be one of the greatest ambassadors of Bengali parallel cinema on the global stage.

Soumitra Chatterjee

SoumitraSoumitra Chattopadhyay
Ray introduced two of his favourite actors, Soumitra Chatterjee and Sharmila Tagore, in this film.
He is best known for his collaborations with Oscar-winning film director Satyajit Ray, with whom he worked in fourteen films, and his constant comparison with the Bengali cinema screen idol Uttam Kumar, his contemporary leading man of the 1960s and 1970s.

Bicycle Thieves

The Bicycle ThiefBicycle Thieves (Ladri di biciclette)Ladri di biciclette
Starting his career as a commercial artist, Ray was drawn into independent filmmaking after meeting French filmmaker Jean Renoir and viewing Vittorio De Sica's Italian neorealist film Bicycle Thieves (1948) during a visit to London.
Other directors that called it an influence are Satyajit Ray, Ken Loach, Giorgio Mangiamele, Bimal Roy, Anurag Kashyap, Balu Mahendra, Basu Chatterjee and Isao Takahata.

Jalsaghar

The Music Room
Before completing The Apu Trilogy, Ray directed and released two other films: the comic Parash Pathar (The Philosopher's Stone), and Jalsaghar (The Music Room), a film about the decadence of the Zamindars, considered one of his most important works.
Jalsaghar (জলসাঘর Jalsāghar, "The Music Room") is a 1958 Indian Bengali drama film written and directed by Satyajit Ray, based on a popular short story by Bengali writer Tarasankar Bandyopadhyay, and starring Chhabi Biswas.

Calcutta Film Society

Along with Chidananda Dasgupta and others, Ray founded the Calcutta Film Society in 1947.
It was founded in 1947, just after independence, by Satyajit Ray, Chidananda Dasgupta, RP Gupta, Bansi Chandragupta and others.

Bansi Chandragupta

Ray gathered an inexperienced crew, although both his cameraman Subrata Mitra and art director Bansi Chandragupta went on to achieve great acclaim.
Chandragupta is most well known as art director/production designer of movies directed by Satyajit Ray.

1956 Cannes Film Festival

19569th Cannes Film FestivalCannes Award
Ray's first film, Pather Panchali (1955), won eleven international prizes, including the inaugural Best Human Document award at the 1956 Cannes Film Festival.
Pather Panchali by Satyajit Ray

Robin Wood (critic)

Robin WoodWood, Robin
Critics Robin Wood and Aparna Sen found this to be the supreme achievement of the trilogy.
He wrote books on the works of Alfred Hitchcock, Howard Hawks, Satyajit Ray, Ingmar Bergman, Michelangelo Antonioni, and Arthur Penn.

Pather Panchali (novel)

Pather PanchaliApunovel of the same name
Ray decided to use Pather Panchali (1928), the classic Bildungsroman of Bengali literature, as the basis for his first film.
Pather Panchali (পথের পাঁচালী, Pôther Pãchali, translated as Song of the Road ) is a novel written by Bibhutibhushan Bandyopadhyay and was later adapted into a film of the same name by Satyajit Ray.