Saudi Arabia

SaudiKingdom of Saudi ArabiaKSASaudi-ArabiaSaudi ArabianSaudisArabiathe Kingdom of Saudi ArabiaArabianKingdom
Saudi Arabia, officially the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, is a country in Western Asia constituting the bulk of the Arabian Peninsula.wikipedia
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Jordan

Hashemite Kingdom of JordanTransjordanKingdom of Jordan
Saudi Arabia is bordered by Jordan and Iraq to the north, Kuwait to the northeast, Qatar, Bahrain, and the United Arab Emirates to the east, Oman to the southeast and Yemen to the south; it is separated from Israel and Egypt by the Gulf of Aqaba.
Jordan is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the south and the east, Iraq to the north-east, Syria to the north and Israel and the Palestinian West Bank to the west.

Iraq

Republic of IraqIraqiIrak
Saudi Arabia is bordered by Jordan and Iraq to the north, Kuwait to the northeast, Qatar, Bahrain, and the United Arab Emirates to the east, Oman to the southeast and Yemen to the south; it is separated from Israel and Egypt by the Gulf of Aqaba.
Iraq (, or ; ٱلْعِرَاق, '; عێراق '), officially the Republic of Iraq, is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest and Syria to the west.

Kuwait

State of KuwaitKuwaitiKWT
Saudi Arabia is bordered by Jordan and Iraq to the north, Kuwait to the northeast, Qatar, Bahrain, and the United Arab Emirates to the east, Oman to the southeast and Yemen to the south; it is separated from Israel and Egypt by the Gulf of Aqaba.
Situated in the northern edge of Eastern Arabia at the tip of the Persian Gulf, it shares borders with Iraq and Saudi Arabia.

Bahrain

Kingdom of BahrainBahreinBHR
Saudi Arabia is bordered by Jordan and Iraq to the north, Kuwait to the northeast, Qatar, Bahrain, and the United Arab Emirates to the east, Oman to the southeast and Yemen to the south; it is separated from Israel and Egypt by the Gulf of Aqaba.
The sovereign state comprises a small archipelago centered around Bahrain Island, situated between the Qatar peninsula and the north eastern coast of Saudi Arabia, to which it is connected by the 25 km King Fahd Causeway.

United Arab Emirates

UAEEmiratiUnited Arab Emirates (UAE)
Saudi Arabia is bordered by Jordan and Iraq to the north, Kuwait to the northeast, Qatar, Bahrain, and the United Arab Emirates to the east, Oman to the southeast and Yemen to the south; it is separated from Israel and Egypt by the Gulf of Aqaba.
The United Arab Emirates (UAE; الإمارات العربية المتحدة '), sometimes simply called the Emirates, is a country in Western Asia at the southeast end of the Arabian Peninsula on the Persian Gulf, bordering Oman to the east and Saudi Arabia to the south and west, as well as sharing maritime borders with Qatar to the west and Iran to the north.

Yemen

Republic of YemenYemeniJemen
Saudi Arabia is bordered by Jordan and Iraq to the north, Kuwait to the northeast, Qatar, Bahrain, and the United Arab Emirates to the east, Oman to the southeast and Yemen to the south; it is separated from Israel and Egypt by the Gulf of Aqaba.
It is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the north, the Red Sea to the west, the Gulf of Aden and Guardafui Channel to the south, and the Arabian Sea and Oman to the east.

Qatar

QatariState of QatarQAT
Saudi Arabia is bordered by Jordan and Iraq to the north, Kuwait to the northeast, Qatar, Bahrain, and the United Arab Emirates to the east, Oman to the southeast and Yemen to the south; it is separated from Israel and Egypt by the Gulf of Aqaba.
Its sole land border is with neighbouring Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) monarchy Saudi Arabia to the south, with the rest of its territory surrounded by the Persian Gulf.

Oman

Sultanate of OmanOmaniOmani Empire
Saudi Arabia is bordered by Jordan and Iraq to the north, Kuwait to the northeast, Qatar, Bahrain, and the United Arab Emirates to the east, Oman to the southeast and Yemen to the south; it is separated from Israel and Egypt by the Gulf of Aqaba.
Holding a strategically important position at the mouth of the Persian Gulf, the country shares land borders with the United Arab Emirates to the northwest, Saudi Arabia to the west, and Yemen to the southwest, and shares marine borders with Iran and Pakistan.

Egypt

EgyptianEGYArab Republic of Egypt
Saudi Arabia is bordered by Jordan and Iraq to the north, Kuwait to the northeast, Qatar, Bahrain, and the United Arab Emirates to the east, Oman to the southeast and Yemen to the south; it is separated from Israel and Egypt by the Gulf of Aqaba.
Across the Gulf of Aqaba lies Jordan, across the Red Sea lies Saudi Arabia, and across the Mediterranean Sea lie Greece, Cyprus and Turkey, although none of these share a land border with Egypt.

Economy of Saudi Arabia

Saudi economyeconomySaudi Arabia
As of October 2018, the Saudi economy was the largest in the Middle East and the 18th largest in the world.
With a total worth of US$33.2 trillion, Saudi Arabia has the second most valuable natural resources in the world.

Western Asia

West AsiaSouthwest AsiaWest Asian
Saudi Arabia, officially the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, is a country in Western Asia constituting the bulk of the Arabian Peninsula.
The most populous countries in Western Asia are Turkey (partly in Southeast Europe), Iran, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, and Yemen.

Hejaz

HijazHedjazList of notable Hijazis
The area of modern-day Saudi Arabia formerly consisted of mainly four distinct regions: Hejaz, Najd and parts of Eastern Arabia (Al-Ahsa) and Southern Arabia ('Asir).
The Hejaz (, also ; ٱلْحِجَاز, ) is a region in the west of Saudi Arabia.

Riyadh

Riyadh, Saudi ArabiaRiyadAl Riyadh
He united the four regions into a single state through a series of conquests beginning in 1902 with the capture of Riyadh, the ancestral home of his family, the House of Saud.
Riyadh (الرياض, Najdi pronunciation: ) is the capital of Saudi Arabia and the largest city on the Arabian Peninsula.

Mecca

MakkahMecca, Saudi ArabiaMakka
Saudi Arabia is sometimes called "the Land of the Two Holy Mosques" in reference to Al-Masjid al-Haram (in Mecca) and Al-Masjid an-Nabawi (in Medina), the two holiest places in Islam.
Mecca, also spelled Makkah, is a city in the Hejazi region of Saudi Arabia.

Ibn Saud

King AbdulazizAbdulaziz Ibn SaudIbn Saud of Saudi Arabia
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia was founded in 1932 by Ibn Saud.
Abdulaziz ibn Abdul Rahman ibn Faisal ibn Turki ibn Abdullah ibn Muhammad Al Saud (عبد العزيز بن عبد الرحمن بن فيصل بن تركي بن عبد الله بن محمد آل سعود, ; 15 January 1875 – 9 November 1953), usually known within the Arab world as Abdulaziz and in the West as Ibn Saud, was the first monarch and founder of Saudi Arabia, the "third Saudi state".

Medina

MadinahMadinaYathrib
Saudi Arabia is sometimes called "the Land of the Two Holy Mosques" in reference to Al-Masjid al-Haram (in Mecca) and Al-Masjid an-Nabawi (in Medina), the two holiest places in Islam.
Medina, also transliterated as Madīnah, is the capital of the Al-Madinah Region in Saudi Arabia.

Gulf of Aqaba

Gulf of EilatGulf of AkabaGulf of Aquaba
Saudi Arabia is bordered by Jordan and Iraq to the north, Kuwait to the northeast, Qatar, Bahrain, and the United Arab Emirates to the east, Oman to the southeast and Yemen to the south; it is separated from Israel and Egypt by the Gulf of Aqaba.
Its coastline is divided between four countries: Egypt, Israel, Jordan, and Saudi Arabia.

Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia

Eastern ProvinceEastern Regionthe Eastern Province
Petroleum was discovered on 3 March 1938 and followed up by several other finds in the Eastern Province.
The Eastern Province is the largest province of Saudi Arabia by area.

Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen

Saudi-led coalitionSaudi-led intervention in Yemenmilitary intervention in Yemen
The state has attracted criticism for a variety of reasons including: its treatment of women, its excessive and often extrajudicial use of capital punishment, state-sponsored discrimination against religious minorities and atheists, its role in the Yemeni Civil War, sponsorship of Islamic terrorists, and its strict interpretation of Sharia law.
The Saudi-led intervention in Yemen, also called the Arab coalition, is an intervention launched by Saudi Arabia in 2015, leading a coalition of nine countries from West Asia and Africa, in response to calls from the internationally recognized pro-Saudi president of Yemen Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi for military support after he was ousted by the Houthi movement due to economic and political grievances, and fled to Saudi Arabia.

Freedom of religion in Saudi Arabia

religiousbirthplace of Islamdiscrimination against religious minorities
The state has attracted criticism for a variety of reasons including: its treatment of women, its excessive and often extrajudicial use of capital punishment, state-sponsored discrimination against religious minorities and atheists, its role in the Yemeni Civil War, sponsorship of Islamic terrorists, and its strict interpretation of Sharia law.
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is an Islamic absolute monarchy in which Sunni Islam is the official state religion based on firm Sharia law.

Great Mosque of Mecca

Masjid al-HaramGrand MosqueAl-Masjid al-Haram
Saudi Arabia is sometimes called "the Land of the Two Holy Mosques" in reference to Al-Masjid al-Haram (in Mecca) and Al-Masjid an-Nabawi (in Medina), the two holiest places in Islam.
The Great Mosque of Mecca, also known as the Haram Mosque, is a mosque that surrounds the Kaaba in the city of Mecca, Saudi Arabia.

Eastern Arabia

BahraynBahrainal-Bahrayn
The area of modern-day Saudi Arabia formerly consisted of mainly four distinct regions: Hejaz, Najd and parts of Eastern Arabia (Al-Ahsa) and Southern Arabia ('Asir).
Saudi Arabia is often considered a Gulf Arab state although most Saudis do not live in Eastern Arabia.

Women's rights in Saudi Arabia

women's rightslimited rights women have in Saudi Arabiamale guardianship system
The state has attracted criticism for a variety of reasons including: its treatment of women, its excessive and often extrajudicial use of capital punishment, state-sponsored discrimination against religious minorities and atheists, its role in the Yemeni Civil War, sponsorship of Islamic terrorists, and its strict interpretation of Sharia law.
The World Economic Forum's 2016 Global Gender Gap Report ranked Saudi Arabia 141 out of 144 countries for gender parity, down from 134 out of 145 in 2015.

Capital punishment in Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabiadeath penaltypublic beheadings
The state has attracted criticism for a variety of reasons including: its treatment of women, its excessive and often extrajudicial use of capital punishment, state-sponsored discrimination against religious minorities and atheists, its role in the Yemeni Civil War, sponsorship of Islamic terrorists, and its strict interpretation of Sharia law.
Capital punishment is a legal penalty in Saudi Arabia.

Al-Masjid an-Nabawi

Prophet's MosqueAl-Masjid al-NabawiMasjid al-Nabawi
Saudi Arabia is sometimes called "the Land of the Two Holy Mosques" in reference to Al-Masjid al-Haram (in Mecca) and Al-Masjid an-Nabawi (in Medina), the two holiest places in Islam.
Al-Masjid an-Nabawī (Prophetic Mosque, ٱلْمَسْجِد ٱلنَّبَوِي) is a mosque established and built by the Islamic prophet Muhammad, situated in the city of Medina in the Hejaz region of Saudi Arabia.