Sauternes (wine)

SauternesBarsacBarsac AOCSauterneSauternes AOCSauternes wineSauterne casksSauternes winesSauternes-Barsac
Sauternes is a French sweet wine from the Sauternais region of the Graves section in Bordeaux.wikipedia
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Sauvignon blanc

SauvignonFumé BlancFie (grape)
Sauternes is made from Sémillon, Sauvignon blanc, and Muscadelle grapes that have been affected by Botrytis cinerea, also known as noble rot.
The grape is also a component of the famous dessert wines from Sauternes and Barsac.

Dessert wine

sweet winedessert winesdessert
Sauternes is a French sweet wine from the Sauternais region of the Graves section in Bordeaux.
Examples include Sauternes and Tokaji Aszú.

Botrytis cinerea

botrytis bunch rotbotrytisbotrytized
Sauternes is made from Sémillon, Sauvignon blanc, and Muscadelle grapes that have been affected by Botrytis cinerea, also known as noble rot.
The second, noble rot, occurs when drier conditions follow wetter, and can result in distinctive sweet dessert wines, such as Sauternes or the Aszú of Tokaji/Grasă de Cotnari.

Sémillon

Semillongreen grapeGreen grape juice
Sauternes is made from Sémillon, Sauvignon blanc, and Muscadelle grapes that have been affected by Botrytis cinerea, also known as noble rot.
Its thin skin and susceptibility to botrytis make it dominate the sweet wine region Sauternes AOC and Barsac AOC.

Château d'Yquem

Chateau d'YquemChateau D’YquemChâteau d’Yquem
Wines from Sauternes, especially the Premier Cru Supérieur estate Château d'Yquem, can be very expensive, largely due to the very high cost of production.
In the Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855, Château d'Yquem was the only Sauternes given this rating, indicating its perceived superiority and higher prices over all other wines of its type.

Muscadelle

Muscadelle du BordelaisTokayTokay (Muscadelle)
Sauternes is made from Sémillon, Sauvignon blanc, and Muscadelle grapes that have been affected by Botrytis cinerea, also known as noble rot.
In France, it is a minor constituent in the dry and sweet wines of Bordeaux, such as Sauternes.

Graves (wine region)

GravesGraves AOCSauternes
Sauternes is a French sweet wine from the Sauternais region of the Graves section in Bordeaux.
All the sweet wines of the 1855 classification were from Sauternes, which is a part of Graves.

Barsac, Gironde

Barsac
Barsac lies within Sauternes and is entitled to use either name.
The town gives its name to a wine making appellation, Barsac AOC, that produces sweet white wines.

French wine

FranceFrenchFrench wines
Sauternes is a French sweet wine from the Sauternais region of the Graves section in Bordeaux.
Bordeaux also makes dry and sweet white wines, including some of the world's most famous sweet wines from the Sauternes appellation, such as Château d'Yquem.

Bordeaux wine

BordeauxclaretBordeaux style
While the English had been the region's primary export market since the Middle Ages, their tastes primarily ran to drier wines, starting with clairet in medieval times and eventually shifting to red claret.
The vast majority of wine produced in Bordeaux is red (sometimes called "claret" in Britain), with sweet white wines (most notably Sauternes), dry whites, and (in much smaller quantities) rosé and sparkling wines (Crémant de Bordeaux) collectively making up the remainder.

Noble rot

botrytisbotrytized winebotrytized wines
Sauternes is made from Sémillon, Sauvignon blanc, and Muscadelle grapes that have been affected by Botrytis cinerea, also known as noble rot.
Internationally renowned botrytized wines include the aszú of Tokaj-Hegyalja in Hungary (commonly called Tokaji or Tokay), Sauternes from France – where the process is known as pourriture or pourriture noble, and Beerenauslese or Trockenbeerenauslese wines from Germany and Austria.

Harvest (wine)

harvestharvestedharvesting
Even so, production is a hit-or-miss proposition, with widely varying harvests from vintage to vintage.
The production of some dessert wine like Sauternes and Trockenbeerenauslese require that individual berries are picked from the botrytized bunches which can only be done by hand.

Semi-generic

sauterne
In the United States, there is a semi-generic label for sweet white dessert wines known as sauterne without the "s" at the end and uncapitalized.

Sweetness of wine

residual sugarsweetsweetness
The earliest evidence of sweet wine production, however, dates only to the 17th century.
However, many of the world's great wines, such as those from Sauternes (including Barsac) or Tokaj, have a high level of residual sugar, which is carefully balanced with additional acidity to produce a harmonious result.

Monbazillac AOC

Monbazillac
Somewhat similar but less expensive and typically less-distinguished wines are produced in the neighboring regions of Monbazillac, Cérons, Loupiac and Cadillac.
Monbazillac wines are broadly similar to Sauternes, but a difference is that Monbazillac often has a significantly higher proportion of Muscadelle in the blend, which can lead to slightly different aromas.

Ciron

The Sauternes region is located 40 km southeast of the city of Bordeaux along the Garonne river and its tributary, the Ciron.
The moisture it brings, and morning mists it causes, are favorable to the development of Botrytis cinerea on grapes, a fungus that contributes to the high quality and renown of Sauternes wines.

Bommes

The Sauternes wine region comprises five communes— Barsac, Sauternes, Bommes, Fargues and Preignac.
Bommes is located in the Sauternes wine appellation of Bordeaux.

Fargues, Gironde

FarguesFargues de Langon
The Sauternes wine region comprises five communes— Barsac, Sauternes, Bommes, Fargues and Preignac.
Fargues is located in the Sauternes wine appellation of Bordeaux.

Preignac

The Sauternes wine region comprises five communes— Barsac, Sauternes, Bommes, Fargues and Preignac.
Preignac is located in the Sauternes wine appellation of Bordeaux.

Wine and food matching

food and wine pairingpairedfood and wine pairings
Sauternes can be paired with a variety of foods.
Wines can be bone dry (with the sugars fully fermented into alcohol), off-dry (with a hint of sweetness), semi-dry (medium-sweet) and dessert level sweetness (such as the high sugar content in Sauternes and Tokays).

Bordeaux

Bordeaux, FranceBurdigalaBordelais
Sauternes is a French sweet wine from the Sauternais region of the Graves section in Bordeaux. The Sauternes region is located 40 km southeast of the city of Bordeaux along the Garonne river and its tributary, the Ciron.

Grape

grapeswine grapewhite grape
Sauternes is made from Sémillon, Sauvignon blanc, and Muscadelle grapes that have been affected by Botrytis cinerea, also known as noble rot.

Raisin

raisinssultanasgolden raisin
This causes the grapes to become partially raisined, resulting in concentrated and distinctively flavored wines.

Climate

climaticclimatesaverage annual temperature
Due to its climate, Sauternes is one of the few wine regions where infection with noble rot is a frequent occurrence.

Vintage

vintagessame yearNonvintage
Even so, production is a hit-or-miss proposition, with widely varying harvests from vintage to vintage.