A report on Schools of Buddhism

Representatives from the three major modern Buddhist traditions, at the World Fellowship of Buddhists, 27th General Conference, 2014.
Map showing major Buddhist divisions
Districtwise Buddhist population percentage, India census 2011. India's West-centre area Maharashtra shows Navayana Buddhist population
Percentage of Buddhists by country, according to the Pew Research Center.
Map of the major geographical centers of major Buddhist schools in South Asia, at around the time of Xuanzang's visit in the seventh century. * Red: non-Pudgalavāda Sarvāstivāda school * Orange: non-Dharmaguptaka Vibhajyavāda schools * Yellow: Mahāsāṃghika * Green: Pudgalavāda (Green) * Gray: Dharmaguptaka Note the red and grey schools already gave some original ideas of Mahayana Buddhism and the Sri Lankan section (see Tamrashatiya) of the orange school is the origin of modern Theravada Buddhism.
The Tipitaka (Pali Canon), in a Thai Style book case. The Pali Tipitaka is the doctrinal foundation of all major Theravāda sects today
Nagarjuna, one of the most influential thinkers of Indian Mahāyāna Buddhism
Indian Buddhist Mahasiddhas, 18th century, Boston MFA.
B. R. Ambedkar delivering speech during conversion, Deekshabhoomi, Nagpur, 14 October 1956
Taixu, the founder of Chinese Humanistic Buddhism

The schools of Buddhism are the various institutional and doctrinal divisions of Buddhism that have existed from ancient times up to the present.

- Schools of Buddhism
Representatives from the three major modern Buddhist traditions, at the World Fellowship of Buddhists, 27th General Conference, 2014.

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A Tibetan vajra (club) and ghanta (bell).

Vajra

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Ritual weapon symbolizing the properties of a diamond and a thunderbolt (irresistible force).

Ritual weapon symbolizing the properties of a diamond and a thunderbolt (irresistible force).

A Tibetan vajra (club) and ghanta (bell).
A viśvavajra or "double vajra" appears in the emblem of Bhutan.
Mahakala holding a vajra
Hindu god Indra riding on Airavata carrying a vajra. According to Hindu mythology this weapon is made of the bones of Maharshi Dadyhichi.
Indra's vajra as the privy seal of King Vajiravudh of Thailand
Five ritual objects used in Vajrayana at Itsukushima Shrine: a five-pronged short club (vajra) (五鈷杵 ), a pestle with a single sharp blade at each end (独鈷杵 ), a stand for vajra pestle and bell (金剛盤 ), a three-pronged pestle (三鈷杵 ), and a five-pronged bell (五鈷鈴 ).
Chinese four-pronged vajra and ghanta (ritual bell), made during the Xuande period of the Ming dynasty. In Chinese Buddhism, these instruments are usually utilized during esoteric rituals that incorporate tantric elements, such as the Grand Mengshan Food Bestowal ceremony (蒙山施食), the Yogacara Flaming Mouth ceremony (瑜伽焰口法會) and the Liberation Rite of Water and Land (水陸法會).
Vajrasattva holds the vajra in his right hand and a bell in his left hand.

In Buddhism, the vajra (dorje) is the symbol of Vajrayana, one of the three major schools of Buddhism.

Dīpankara Buddha (Bahi-dyah) on display during Gunla.

Newar Buddhism

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Form of Vajrayana Buddhism practiced by the Newar people of the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal.

Form of Vajrayana Buddhism practiced by the Newar people of the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal.

Dīpankara Buddha (Bahi-dyah) on display during Gunla.
The bodhisattva Avalokiteśvara, 16th century CE.
A Vajracharya priest
Seto Machindranath Jatra at the Temple of Annapurna

As a result, Newar Buddhism seems to preserve some aspects of Indian Buddhism that were not preserved in schools of Buddhism elsewhere.

Covering 15 acres (61,000 m2), California's Hsi Lai Temple is one of the largest Buddhist temples in the western hemisphere.

Buddhism in the United States

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The term American Buddhism can be used to describe all Buddhist groups within the United States, including Asian-American Buddhists born into the faith, who comprise the largest percentage of Buddhists in the country.

The term American Buddhism can be used to describe all Buddhist groups within the United States, including Asian-American Buddhists born into the faith, who comprise the largest percentage of Buddhists in the country.

Covering 15 acres (61,000 m2), California's Hsi Lai Temple is one of the largest Buddhist temples in the western hemisphere.
Services at the Hompa Hongwanji Buddhist Temple, Los Angeles, around 1925.
Chùa Huệ Quang Buddhist Temple, a Vietnamese American temple in Garden Grove
Wat Buddharangsi Buddhist Temple of Miami
Buddhist service at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in 1943.
Interior of the Higashi Honganji, Los Angeles (East 1st St./Center Ave.), Nov. 1925.
Elizabeth Palmer Peabody
Henry Steel Olcott cofounder of the Theosophical Society was probably the first American convert to Buddhism
Paul Carus was an editor and collaborator with D. T. Suzuki
The 1893 World Parliament of Religions held in Chicago
The Zen Buddhist Temple in Chicago, part of the Buddhist Society for Compassionate Wisdom
Hsuan Hua in Ukiah, California
The 480 acre City of Ten Thousand Buddhas founded by Hsuan Hua in Talmage, California, is geographically the largest Buddhist community in the western hemisphere.
Seung Sahn in 2002
Thích Nhất Hạnh in 2006
The Dalai Lama with US President Barack Obama at the White House
The ashes of Chögyam Trungpa are in The Great Stupa of Dharmakaya
Karma Triyana Dharmachakra monastery in Woodstock, New York
Insight Meditation Society in Barre, Massachusetts.
Abhayagiri Buddhist Monastery, Asalha Puja 2014

Unlike schools such as Zen, Vipassanā, and Tibetan Buddhism, Soka Gakkai Buddhists do not practice meditative techniques other than chanting.