Science and technology in Israel

Israel's high-techtechnologicala leading high-tech countryhealthcarehigh-techhigh-tech industryhigh-tech industry in Israelhigh-technologyIsraelIsrael's computer and technology industries
Science and technology in Israel is one of the country's most developed sectors.wikipedia
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Israel

State of IsraelIsraeliISR
Israel spent 4.3% of its gross domestic product (GDP) on civil research and development in 2015, the highest ratio in the world.
Israel's economic and technological center is Tel Aviv, while its seat of government and proclaimed capital is Jerusalem, although the state's sovereignty over Jerusalem has only partial recognition.

Tel Aviv

Tel-AvivTel Aviv, IsraelTel Aviv-Yafo
In 1998, Tel Aviv was named by Newsweek as one of the ten most technologically influential cities in the world.
Located on the Israeli Mediterranean coastline and with a population of, it is the economic and technological center of the country.

Ministry of Science, Technology and Space

Minister of Science and TechnologyMinister of Science and DevelopmentMinister of Science, Culture and Sport
These centers were established by the Ministry of Science and Technology, and include Migal and the Dead Sea and Arava science center.
The ministry is responsible for defining national policy on issues related to Science and technology in Israel, and promoting scientific and technological research, infrastructure and projects.

WEIZAC

The first modern electronic computer in Israel and the Middle East, and one of the first large-scale, stored-program, electronic computers in the world, called WEIZAC, was built at the Weizmann Institute during 1954–1955, based on the Institute for Advanced Study (IAS) architecture developed by John von Neumann.
WEIZAC's success led to the recognition of the demand for computers and digital technology in Israel, and ultimately, provided the foundation for Israel's computer and technology industries.

Weizmann Institute of Science

Weizmann InstituteThe Weizmann Institute of ScienceWeizmann
The first modern electronic computer in Israel and the Middle East, and one of the first large-scale, stored-program, electronic computers in the world, called WEIZAC, was built at the Weizmann Institute during 1954–1955, based on the Institute for Advanced Study (IAS) architecture developed by John von Neumann. Industrial research began at the Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, was also initiated at the Daniel Sieff Research Center (later the Weizmann Institute of Science), established in 1934 in Rehovot.

Robotics

roboticroboticistFuture of robotics
Research into robotics first began in the late 1970s, has resulted in the production of robots designed to perform a wide variety of computer aided manufacturing tasks, including diamond polishing, welding, packing, and building.
Scientists from several European countries and Israel developed a prosthetic hand in 2009, called SmartHand, which functions like a real one—allowing patients to write with it, type on a keyboard, play piano and perform other fine movements.

Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center

Volcani Institute of Agricultural ResearchAgricultural Research StationVolcani Institute
Other scientific research institutions include the Volcani Institute of Agricultural Research in Beit Dagan, the Israel Institute for Biological Research and the Soreq Nuclear Research Center.

Ben-Gurion National Solar Energy Center

National Solar Energy Center
The Ben-Gurion National Solar Energy Center at Sde Boker is an alternative energy research institute established in 1987 by the Ministry of National Infrastructures to study alternative and clean energy technologies.

Technion – Israel Institute of Technology

TechnionTechnion - Israel Institute of TechnologyTechnion-Israel Institute of Technology
Industrial research began at the Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, was also initiated at the Daniel Sieff Research Center (later the Weizmann Institute of Science), established in 1934 in Rehovot. In 1912, the first cornerstone of the Technion - Israel Institute of Technology was laid at a festive ceremony in Haifa, which was then occupied by the Ottoman Empire. In 2004, biologists Avram Hershko and Aaron Ciechanover of the Technion – Israel Institute of Technology were two of the three winners of the prize, for the discovery of ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation.

Netafim

The first experimental system of this type was established in 1959 when Blass partnered with Kibbutz Hatzerim to create an irrigation company called Netafim.

Telecommunications in Israel

Communications in IsraelcommunicationsIsraeli communications sector
During the 2000s Israel emerged as a leading supplier for the global telecommunications industry, and a global leader in technological research.

Silicon Wadi

Israeli software role in espionage and counter espionagedevelopedevoked comparisons
A high concentration of high-tech industries in the coastal plain of Israel has led to the nickname Silicon Wadi (lit: "Silicon Valley").

Elbit Systems

ElbitEl-OpElbit Systems Ltd
Israel's second largest defense company is Elbit Systems, which makes electro-optical systems for air, sea and ground forces; drones; control and monitoring systems; communications systems and more.

Given Imaging

Given Imaging Ltd.
Other innovations include a controlled-release liquid polymer to prevent accumulation of tooth plaque, a device to reduce both benign and malignant swellings of the prostate gland, the use of botulin to correct eye squint, and a miniature camera encased in a swallowable capsule used to diagnose gastrointestinal disease, developed by Given Imaging.

Teva Pharmaceutical Industries

TevaTeva PharmaceuticalsTeva Pharmaceutical
Teva Pharmaceutical Industries, headquartered in Petah Tikva, Israel, is the largest generic drug manufacturer in the world and one of the 20 largest pharmaceutical companies worldwide.

Avram Hershko

Prof. Avram HershkoProfessor Avram Hershko
In 2004, biologists Avram Hershko and Aaron Ciechanover of the Technion – Israel Institute of Technology were two of the three winners of the prize, for the discovery of ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation.