Science fiction

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Science fiction (often shortened to Sci-Fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction, typically dealing with imaginative concepts such as advanced science and technology, space exploration, time travel, and extraterrestrial life.wikipedia
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Speculative fiction

speculativefictionspeculative literature
Science fiction (often shortened to Sci-Fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction, typically dealing with imaginative concepts such as advanced science and technology, space exploration, time travel, and extraterrestrial life.
This includes, but is not limited to, science fiction, fantasy, superhero fiction, science fantasy, horror, utopian and dystopian fiction, supernatural fiction as well as combinations thereof.

Isaac Asimov

AsimovAsimov, Isaac*s**c *s*m*v (Iclick As-I-Move)
Isaac Asimov said: "Science fiction can be defined as that branch of literature which deals with the reaction of human beings to changes in science and technology."
He was known for his works of science fiction and popular science.

James Blish

BeepCities in FlightWelcome to Mars
James Blish wrote: "Wells used the term originally to cover what we would today call ‘hard’ science fiction, in which a conscientious attempt to be faithful to already known facts (as of the date of writing) was the substrate on which the story was to be built, and if the story was also to contain a miracle, it ought at least not to contain a whole arsenal of them."
James Benjamin Blish (1921-05-231975-07-30) was an American science fiction and fantasy writer.

Extraterrestrials in fiction

extraterrestrialalienaliens
Science fiction (often shortened to Sci-Fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction, typically dealing with imaginative concepts such as advanced science and technology, space exploration, time travel, and extraterrestrial life.
Extraterrestrials are a common theme in modern science-fiction, and also appeared in much earlier works such as the second-century parody True History by Lucian of Samosata.

Terry Carr

CarrTerry Gene Carr
By the 1970s, critics within the field such as Knight and Terry Carr were using sci-fi to distinguish hack-work from serious science fiction.
Terry Gene Carr (February 19, 1937 – April 7, 1987) was an American science fiction fan, author, editor, and writing instructor.

Robert A. Heinlein

Robert HeinleinHeinleinRobert A Heinlein
According to Robert A. Heinlein, "a handy short definition of almost all science fiction might read: realistic speculation about possible future events, based solidly on adequate knowledge of the real world, past and present, and on a thorough understanding of the nature and significance of the scientific method."
Robert Anson Heinlein ( July 7, 1907 – May 8, 1988) was an American science-fiction writer.

Lucian

Lucian of SamosataLukianPseudo-Lucian
Written in the 2nd century AD by the Hellenized Syrian satirist Lucian, A True Story contains many themes and tropes that are characteristic of modern science fiction, including travel to other worlds, extraterrestrial lifeforms, interplanetary warfare, and artificial life.
His most famous work is A True Story, a tongue-in-cheek satire against authors who tell incredible tales, which is regarded by some as the earliest known work of science fiction.

Theologus Autodidactus

The Treatise of Kamil
Some of the stories from The Arabian Nights, along with the 10th century The Tale of the Bamboo Cutter and Ibn al-Nafis's 13th century Theologus Autodidactus also contain elements of science fiction.
This work is one of the first Arabic novels, may be considered a prototypical science fiction novel, of which it contained numerous elements, and an early example of a coming of age tale and a desert island story.

H. G. Wells

H.G. WellsWellsHerbert Wells
Many critics consider H. G. Wells one of science fiction's most important authors, or even "the Shakespeare of science fiction".
He is now best remembered for his science fiction novels and is often called a "father of science fiction", along with Jules Verne and Hugo Gernsback.

Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea

20,000 Leagues Under the Sea20000 Leagues Under the Sea20,000 Leagues Under the S20,000 Leagues Under the Sea
Jules Verne was noted for his attention to detail and scientific accuracy, especially Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea (1870) which predicted the modern nuclear submarine.
Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Seas: A Tour of the Underwater World (Vingt mille lieues sous les mers: Tour du monde sous-marin, "Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Seas: A Tour of the Underwater World") is a classic science fiction adventure novel by French writer Jules Verne published in 1870.

The Time Machine

the Time TravellerTime Machineoriginal novel
His notable science fiction works include The Time Machine (1895), The Island of Doctor Moreau (1896), The Invisible Man (1897), and The War of the Worlds (1898).
The Time Machine is a science fiction novella by H. G. Wells, published in 1895 and written as a frame narrative.

Brian Aldiss

Brian W. AldissAldissAldiss, Brian
Brian Aldiss has argued that Frankenstein was the first work of science fiction.
Brian Wilson Aldiss, OBE (18 August 1925 – 19 August 2017) was an English writer and anthologies editor, best known for science fiction novels and short stories.

Niels Klim's Underground Travels

Nicolai Klimii Iter SubterraneumThe Journey to the World Underground
Products of the Age of Reason and the development of modern science itself, Johannes Kepler's Somnium (1620–1630), Francis Bacon's The New Atlantis (1627), Cyrano de Bergerac's Comical History of the States and Empires of the Moon (1657) and The States and Empires of the Sun (1662), Margaret Cavendish's "The Blazing World" (1666), Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels (1726), Ludvig Holberg's novel Nicolai Klimii Iter Subterraneum (1741) and Voltaire's Micromégas (1752) are some of the first true science fantasy works.
Niels Klim's Underground Travels, originally published in Latin as Nicolai Klimii Iter Subterraneum (1741), is a satirical science-fiction/fantasy novel written by the Norwegian author Ludvig Holberg.

The War of the Worlds

War of the Worldsnovelnovel of the same name
His notable science fiction works include The Time Machine (1895), The Island of Doctor Moreau (1896), The Invisible Man (1897), and The War of the Worlds (1898).
The War of the Worlds is a science fiction novel by English author H. G. Wells, first serialised in 1897 by Pearson's Magazine in the UK and by Cosmopolitan magazine in the US. The novel's first appearance in hardcover was in 1898 from publisher William Heinemann of London.

Frankenstein

Frankenstein; or, The Modern PrometheusFrankenstein, or The Modern Prometheusnovel
Following the 18th-century development of the novel as a literary form, Mary Shelley's books Frankenstein (1818) and The Last Man (1826) helped define the form of the science fiction novel.
At the same time, it is an early example of science fiction.

Alien invasion

alien invadersalien invaderinvasion
His science fiction imagined alien invasion, biological engineering, invisibility, and time travel.
The alien invasion or space invasion is a common feature in science fiction stories and film, in which extraterrestrials invade the Earth either to exterminate and supplant human life, enslave it under an intense state, harvest people for food, steal the planet's resources, or destroy the planet altogether.

The Invisible Man

1897 novelDr. Kempeponymous novel
His notable science fiction works include The Time Machine (1895), The Island of Doctor Moreau (1896), The Invisible Man (1897), and The War of the Worlds (1898).
The Invisible Man is a science fiction novel by H. G. Wells.

Comical History of the States and Empires of the Moon

a book by Cyrano de BergeracA Voyage to the MoonL'Autre Monde: où les États et Empires de la Lune
Products of the Age of Reason and the development of modern science itself, Johannes Kepler's Somnium (1620–1630), Francis Bacon's The New Atlantis (1627), Cyrano de Bergerac's Comical History of the States and Empires of the Moon (1657) and The States and Empires of the Sun (1662), Margaret Cavendish's "The Blazing World" (1666), Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels (1726), Ludvig Holberg's novel Nicolai Klimii Iter Subterraneum (1741) and Voltaire's Micromégas (1752) are some of the first true science fantasy works.
The Other World: Comical History of the States and Empires of the Moon (L’Autre monde ou les états et empires de la Lune) was the first of three satirical novels written by Cyrano de Bergerac, that are considered among the first science fiction stories.

Planetary romance

Planetary romance: In film and television
In 1912 Edgar Rice Burroughs published A Princess of Mars, the first of his three-decade-long planetary romance series of Barsoom novels, set on Mars and featuring John Carter as the hero.
Planetary romance is a subgenre of science fiction or science fantasy in which the bulk of the action consists of adventures on one or more exotic alien planets, characterized by distinctive physical and cultural backgrounds.

Science fiction magazine

science fictionscience fiction magazinesmagazines
In 1926 Hugo Gernsback published the first American science fiction magazine, Amazing Stories, in which he wrote:
A science fiction magazine is a publication that offers primarily science fiction, either in a hard copy periodical format or on the Internet.

Invisibility

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His science fiction imagined alien invasion, biological engineering, invisibility, and time travel.
The term is often used in fantasy/science fiction, where objects cannot be seen by magical or technological means; however, its effects can also be demonstrated in the real world, particularly in physics and perceptual psychology classes.

Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle-upon-Tyne

Margaret CavendishMargaret LucasMargaret, Duchess of Newcastle
Products of the Age of Reason and the development of modern science itself, Johannes Kepler's Somnium (1620–1630), Francis Bacon's The New Atlantis (1627), Cyrano de Bergerac's Comical History of the States and Empires of the Moon (1657) and The States and Empires of the Sun (1662), Margaret Cavendish's "The Blazing World" (1666), Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels (1726), Ludvig Holberg's novel Nicolai Klimii Iter Subterraneum (1741) and Voltaire's Micromégas (1752) are some of the first true science fantasy works.
Her utopian romance, The Blazing World, is one of the earliest examples of science fiction.

Time travel in fiction

time travellertime traveltime warp
Science fiction (often shortened to Sci-Fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction, typically dealing with imaginative concepts such as advanced science and technology, space exploration, time travel, and extraterrestrial life.
In literature, communication from the future as a plot device is encountered in various science fiction and fantasy stories.

Amazing Stories

AmazingAmazing Science FictionAmazing Science Fiction Stories
In 1926 Hugo Gernsback published the first American science fiction magazine, Amazing Stories, in which he wrote:
It was the first magazine devoted solely to science fiction.

The Skylark of Space

SkylarkSkylark Three
In 1928 E. E. "Doc" Smith’s first published work, The Skylark of Space written in collaboration with Lee Hawkins Garby, appeared in Amazing Stories.
The Skylark of Space is a science fiction novel by American writer Edward E. "Doc" Smith, written between 1915 and 1921 while Smith was working on his doctorate.