Science fiction film

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Science fiction film (or sci-fi film) is a genre that uses speculative, fictional science-based depictions of phenomena that are not fully accepted by mainstream science, such as extraterrestrial lifeforms, alien worlds, extrasensory perception and time travel, along with futuristic elements such as spacecraft, robots, cyborgs, interstellar travel or other technologies.wikipedia
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Metropolis (1927 film)

Metropolis1927 film of the same namefilm of the same name
The next major example in the genre was the film Metropolis (1927). In the 1920s, European filmmakers tended to use science fiction for prediction and social commentary, as can be seen in German films such as Metropolis (1927) and Frau im Mond (1929).
Metropolis is a 1927 German expressionist science-fiction drama film directed by Fritz Lang.

2001: A Space Odyssey (film)

2001: A Space Odyssey2001film
After Stanley Kubrick's landmark 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968), the science fiction film genre was taken more seriously.
2001: A Space Odyssey is a 1968 epic science fiction film produced and directed by Stanley Kubrick.

B movie

B-movieB-moviesB movies
From the 1930s to the 1950s, the genre consisted mainly of low-budget B movies.
In either usage, most B movies represent a particular genre—the Western was a Golden Age B movie staple, while low-budget science-fiction and horror films became more popular in the 1950s.

Alien (film)

AlienAlien: The Director's CutAliens
However, there are numerous well-known examples of science fiction horror films, epitomized by such pictures as Frankenstein and Alien.
Alien is a 1979 science-fiction horror film directed by Ridley Scott and written by Dan O'Bannon.

Frankenstein (1931 film)

FrankensteinBaron Frankenstein1931 film
However, there are numerous well-known examples of science fiction horror films, epitomized by such pictures as Frankenstein and Alien. Other notable science fiction films of the 1930s include Frankenstein (1931), Bride of Frankenstein (1935), Doctor X (1932), Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1931), F.P.1 (1932), Island of Lost Souls (1932), Deluge (1933), The Invisible Man (1933), Master of the World (1934), Mad Love (1935), Trans-Atlantic Tunnel (1935), The Devil-Doll (1936), The Invisible Ray (1936), The Man Who Changed His Mind (1936), The Walking Dead (1936), Non-Stop New York (1937), and The Return of Doctor X (1939).
Frankenstein is a 1931 American pre-Code science-fiction horror film from Universal Pictures.

Fantasy film

fantasyfantasy filmsFantasy adventure
This definition suggests a continuum between (real-world) empiricism and (supernatural) transcendentalism, with science fiction film on the side of empiricism, and horror film and fantasy film on the side of transcendentalism.
The genre is considered a form of speculative fiction alongside science fiction films and horror films, although the genres do overlap.

The Deadly Mantis

Deadly MantisPreytor
Finally, alien and familiar images are juxtaposed, as in The Deadly Mantis, when a giant praying mantis is shown climbing the Washington Monument.
The Deadly Mantis is a 1957 American science-fiction monster film produced by William Alland for Universal-International.

Liquid Sky

As well, familiar images become alien, as in the films Repo Man and Liquid Sky.
Liquid Sky is a 1982 American independent science fiction film directed by Slava Tsukerman and starring Anne Carlisle and Paula E. Sheppard.

Film genre

genregenresfilm genres
Science fiction film (or sci-fi film) is a genre that uses speculative, fictional science-based depictions of phenomena that are not fully accepted by mainstream science, such as extraterrestrial lifeforms, alien worlds, extrasensory perception and time travel, along with futuristic elements such as spacecraft, robots, cyborgs, interstellar travel or other technologies.
As well, genres have associated film-scoring conventions, such as lush string orchestras for romantic melodramas or electronic music for science-fiction films.

Georges Méliès

George MélièsGeorges MeliesMéliès
In 1902, Georges Méliès released Le Voyage dans la Lune, generally considered the first science fiction film, and a film that used early trick photography to depict a spacecraft's journey to the Moon.
His films include A Trip to the Moon (1902) and The Impossible Voyage (1904), both involving strange, surreal journeys somewhat in the style of Jules Verne, and are considered among the most important early science fiction films, though their approach is closer to fantasy.

1902 in film

1902
In 1902, Georges Méliès released Le Voyage dans la Lune, generally considered the first science fiction film, and a film that used early trick photography to depict a spacecraft's journey to the Moon.

Things to Come

1936 film adaptationGrace Gospel Church of ChristH. G. Wells
In the 1930s, there were several big budget science fiction films, notably Just Imagine (1930), King Kong (1933), Things to Come (1936), and Lost Horizon (1937).
G. Wells' Things to Come') is a 1936 British black-and-white science fiction film from United Artists, produced by Alexander Korda, directed by William Cameron Menzies, and written by H. G. Wells.

Bride of Frankenstein

The Bride of Frankenstein1935 filmEunice
Other notable science fiction films of the 1930s include Frankenstein (1931), Bride of Frankenstein (1935), Doctor X (1932), Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1931), F.P.1 (1932), Island of Lost Souls (1932), Deluge (1933), The Invisible Man (1933), Master of the World (1934), Mad Love (1935), Trans-Atlantic Tunnel (1935), The Devil-Doll (1936), The Invisible Ray (1936), The Man Who Changed His Mind (1936), The Walking Dead (1936), Non-Stop New York (1937), and The Return of Doctor X (1939).
The Bride of Frankenstein is a 1935 American science-fiction horror film, the first sequel to Universal Pictures' 1931 hit Frankenstein.

Flash Gordon (serial)

Flash GordonFlash Gordon'' serialFlash Gordon serial
Starting in 1936, a number of science fiction comic strips were adapted as serials, notably Flash Gordon and Buck Rogers, both starring Buster Crabbe.
Flash Gordon is a 1936 science-fiction film superhero serial.

Just Imagine

In the 1930s, there were several big budget science fiction films, notably Just Imagine (1930), King Kong (1933), Things to Come (1936), and Lost Horizon (1937).
Just Imagine is a 1930 American pre-Code science fiction musical-comedy film, directed by David Butler.

A Trip to the Moon

Le Voyage dans la LuneVoyage to the MoonTrip to the Moon
In 1902, Georges Méliès released Le Voyage dans la Lune, generally considered the first science fiction film, and a film that used early trick photography to depict a spacecraft's journey to the Moon. The genre has existed since the early years of silent cinema, when Georges Melies' A Trip to the Moon (1902) employed trick photography effects.
It is widely regarded as the earliest example of the science fiction film genre and, more generally, as one of the most influential films in cinema history.

The Death Ray (1925 film)

The Death RayLuch Smerti
Other notable science fiction films of the silent era include The Impossible Voyage (1904), The Motorist (1906), The Conquest of the Pole (1912), Himmelskibet (1918; which with its runtime of 97 minutes generally is considered the first feature-length science fiction film in history), The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (1920), The Mechanical Man (1921), Paris Qui Dort (1923), Aelita (1924), Luch Smerti (1925), and The Lost World (1925).
The Death Ray is a 1925 Soviet science fiction film directed by Lev Kuleshov.

Woman in the Moon

Frau im MondGirl in the Moon
In the 1920s, European filmmakers tended to use science fiction for prediction and social commentary, as can be seen in German films such as Metropolis (1927) and Frau im Mond (1929).
It is often considered to be one of the first "serious" science fiction films.

Non-Stop New York

Non stop New York
Other notable science fiction films of the 1930s include Frankenstein (1931), Bride of Frankenstein (1935), Doctor X (1932), Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1931), F.P.1 (1932), Island of Lost Souls (1932), Deluge (1933), The Invisible Man (1933), Master of the World (1934), Mad Love (1935), Trans-Atlantic Tunnel (1935), The Devil-Doll (1936), The Invisible Ray (1936), The Man Who Changed His Mind (1936), The Walking Dead (1936), Non-Stop New York (1937), and The Return of Doctor X (1939).
Non-Stop New York (also known as Lisbon Clipper Mystery) is a 1937 British science fiction crime film directed by Robert Stevenson and starring John Loder, Anna Lee and Francis L. Sullivan.

Deluge (film)

DelugeDeluge'' (film)film version
Other notable science fiction films of the 1930s include Frankenstein (1931), Bride of Frankenstein (1935), Doctor X (1932), Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1931), F.P.1 (1932), Island of Lost Souls (1932), Deluge (1933), The Invisible Man (1933), Master of the World (1934), Mad Love (1935), Trans-Atlantic Tunnel (1935), The Devil-Doll (1936), The Invisible Ray (1936), The Man Who Changed His Mind (1936), The Walking Dead (1936), Non-Stop New York (1937), and The Return of Doctor X (1939).
Deluge is a 1933 American pre-Code apocalyptic, science fiction film released by RKO Radio Pictures, and directed by Felix E. Feist.

Black Friday (1940 film)

Black FridayBlack Friday'' (1940 film)1940
The 1940s brought us Before I Hang (1940), Black Friday (1940), Dr. Cyclops (1940), The Devil Commands (1941), Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1941), Man Made Monster (1941), It Happened Tomorrow (1944), It Happens Every Spring (1949), and The Perfect Woman (1949).
Black Friday is a 1940 American science fiction gangster psychological thriller starring Boris Karloff.

Destination Moon (film)

Destination MoonDestination Moon'' (film)1950 film
The release of Destination Moon (1950) and Rocketship X-M (1950) brought us to what many people consider "the golden age of the science fiction film".
Destination Moon (a.k.a. Operation Moon) is a 1950 American Technicolor science fiction film, independently produced by George Pal and directed by Irving Pichel, that stars John Archer, Warner Anderson, Tom Powers, and Dick Wesson.

The Invisible Ray (1936 film)

The Invisible RayInvisible Ray, TheThe Invisible Ray'' (1936 film)
Other notable science fiction films of the 1930s include Frankenstein (1931), Bride of Frankenstein (1935), Doctor X (1932), Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1931), F.P.1 (1932), Island of Lost Souls (1932), Deluge (1933), The Invisible Man (1933), Master of the World (1934), Mad Love (1935), Trans-Atlantic Tunnel (1935), The Devil-Doll (1936), The Invisible Ray (1936), The Man Who Changed His Mind (1936), The Walking Dead (1936), Non-Stop New York (1937), and The Return of Doctor X (1939).
The Invisible Ray is a 1936 American black-and-white science fiction film melodrama from Universal Pictures, produced by Edmund Grainger, directed by Lambert Hillyer, that stars Boris Karloff and Béla Lugosi.

20,000 Leagues Under the Sea (1954 film)

20,000 Leagues Under the Sea19541954 film adaptation
These include The Day the Earth Stood Still (1951), The Thing from Another World (1951), When Worlds Collide (1951), The War of the Worlds (1953), 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea (1954), This Island Earth (1955), Forbidden Planet (1956), Invasion of the Body Snatchers (1956), The Curse of Frankenstein (1957), Journey to the Center of the Earth (1959) and On the Beach (1959).
20,000 Leagues Under the Sea is a 1954 American Technicolor science fiction-adventure film and the first feature shot in CinemaScope.

Forbidden Planet

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These include The Day the Earth Stood Still (1951), The Thing from Another World (1951), When Worlds Collide (1951), The War of the Worlds (1953), 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea (1954), This Island Earth (1955), Forbidden Planet (1956), Invasion of the Body Snatchers (1956), The Curse of Frankenstein (1957), Journey to the Center of the Earth (1959) and On the Beach (1959).
Forbidden Planet is a 1956 American science fiction film, produced by Nicholas Nayfack, directed by Fred M. Wilcox, that stars Walter Pidgeon, Anne Francis, and Leslie Nielsen.