Scientific socialism

scientific socialistsocialismScientificScientific socialistsEvolutionary socialismscienceScientific Socialism theoryscientific understandingSocialists
Scientific socialism is a term coined in 1840 by Pierre-Joseph Proudhon in his What is Property?wikipedia
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Friedrich Engels

EngelsFrederick EngelsFrederich Engels
Later in 1880, Friedrich Engels used the term to describe Karl Marx's social-political-economic theory.
Prior to meeting Marx, Engels had become established as a fully developed materialist and scientific socialist, independent of Marx's philosophical development.

Utopian socialism

utopian socialistutopian socialistsutopian
It is in contrast to what later socialists referred to as Utopian socialism—a method based on establishing seemingly rational propositions for organizing society and convincing others of their rationality and/or desirability.
This utopian mindset which held an integrated conception of the goal, the means to produce said goal and an understanding of the way that those means would inevitably be produced through examining social and economic phenomena can be contrasted with scientific socialism, which has been likened to Taylorism.

Classical Marxism

classical MarxistclassicalClassical Marxists
The distinction between Utopian and scientific socialism originated with Marx, who criticized the Utopian characteristics of French socialism and English and Scottish political economy.

Materialism

materialistmaterialisticmaterialists
It also contrasts with classical liberal notions of natural law, which are grounded in metaphysical notions of morality rather than a dynamic materialist or physicalist conception of the world.
Feuerbach's anthropological materialism (a version of materialism which views materialist anthropology as the universal science) would later heavily influence Karl Marx, who in the late 19th century elaborated the concept of historical materialism—the basis for what Marx and Friedrich Engels outlined as scientific socialism:

Historical materialism

materialist conception of historyhistorical materialistMarx's theory of history
Historical materialism is an example of Marx and Engel's scientific socialism, attempting to show that socialism and communism are scientific necessities rather than philosophical ideals.

Socialism with Chinese characteristics

Chinese socialismsocialistChinese Marxism
In the party's official narrative, socialism with Chinese characteristics is Marxism–Leninism adapted to Chinese conditions and a product of scientific socialism.

Scientific Outlook on Development

Scientific Development Conceptaccording to scienceScientific Development
The SOD incorporates scientific socialism, sustainable development, social welfare, a humanistic society, increased democracy, and, ultimately, the creation of a Socialist Harmonious Society.

Siad Barre

Mohamed Siad BarreMuhammad Siad BarreBarre
The Supreme Revolutionary Council military junta under Barre reconstituted Somalia as a one-party Marxist–Leninist communist state, renaming the country the Somali Democratic Republic and adopting scientific socialism, with support from the Soviet Union.

Socialist mode of production

socialismsocialistsocialist society
In Marxist theory, the socialist mode of production (also referred to as lower-stage of communism or simply socialism, as Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels used the terms socialism and communism interchangeably) refers to a specific historical phase of economic development and its corresponding set of social relations that emerge from capitalism in the schema of historical materialism.

Communist Party of China

Communist PartyCPCCommunist
The SOD incorporates scientific socialism, sustainable development, social welfare, a humanistic society, increased democracy, and, ultimately, the creation of a Socialist Harmonious Society.

Socialism: Utopian and Scientific

The book explains the differences between utopian socialism and scientific socialism, which Marxism considers itself to embody.

Pierre-Joseph Proudhon

ProudhonPierre Joseph ProudhonThe System of Economic Contradictions, or The Philosophy of Poverty
Scientific socialism is a term coined in 1840 by Pierre-Joseph Proudhon in his What is Property? to mean a society ruled by a scientific government, i.e. one whose sovereignty rests upon reason, rather than sheer will: Thus, in a given society, the authority of man over man is inversely proportional to the stage of intellectual development which that society has reached; and the probable duration of that authority can be calculated from the more or less general desire for a true government, — that is, for a scientific government.

Property is theft!

What Is Property?Property is theftWhat is Property? Or, an Inquiry into the Principle of Right and Government
Scientific socialism is a term coined in 1840 by Pierre-Joseph Proudhon in his What is Property? to mean a society ruled by a scientific government, i.e. one whose sovereignty rests upon reason, rather than sheer will: Thus, in a given society, the authority of man over man is inversely proportional to the stage of intellectual development which that society has reached; and the probable duration of that authority can be calculated from the more or less general desire for a true government, — that is, for a scientific government.

Society

societiessocialsocietal
Scientific socialism is a term coined in 1840 by Pierre-Joseph Proudhon in his What is Property? to mean a society ruled by a scientific government, i.e. one whose sovereignty rests upon reason, rather than sheer will: Thus, in a given society, the authority of man over man is inversely proportional to the stage of intellectual development which that society has reached; and the probable duration of that authority can be calculated from the more or less general desire for a true government, — that is, for a scientific government.

Science

scientificsciencesscientific knowledge
Scientific socialism is a term coined in 1840 by Pierre-Joseph Proudhon in his What is Property? to mean a society ruled by a scientific government, i.e. one whose sovereignty rests upon reason, rather than sheer will: Thus, in a given society, the authority of man over man is inversely proportional to the stage of intellectual development which that society has reached; and the probable duration of that authority can be calculated from the more or less general desire for a true government, — that is, for a scientific government.

Karl Marx

MarxMarx, KarlMarxist
Later in 1880, Friedrich Engels used the term to describe Karl Marx's social-political-economic theory.

Political science

political scientistPolitical Sciencespolitical analyst
Although the term socialism has come to mean specifically a combination of political and economic science, it is also applicable to a broader area of science encompassing what is now considered sociology and the humanities.

Economics

economiceconomisteconomic theory
Although the term socialism has come to mean specifically a combination of political and economic science, it is also applicable to a broader area of science encompassing what is now considered sociology and the humanities.

Social science

social sciencessocial scientistsocial
Although the term socialism has come to mean specifically a combination of political and economic science, it is also applicable to a broader area of science encompassing what is now considered sociology and the humanities.

Sociology

sociologistsociologicalsociologists
Although the term socialism has come to mean specifically a combination of political and economic science, it is also applicable to a broader area of science encompassing what is now considered sociology and the humanities.

Humanities

Humanitythe humanitieshumanistic
Although the term socialism has come to mean specifically a combination of political and economic science, it is also applicable to a broader area of science encompassing what is now considered sociology and the humanities.

Capitalism

capitalistcapitalistscapitalistic
Engels later argued that Utopian socialists failed to recognize why it was that socialism arose in the historical context that it did, that it arose as a response to new social contradictions of a new mode of production, i.e. capitalism.

Charles Darwin

DarwinDarwinianCharles Robert Darwin
This shift in socialism was seen as complementary to shifts in contemporary biology sparked by Charles Darwin and the understanding of evolution by natural selection—Marx and Engels saw this new understanding of biology as essential to the new understanding of socialism and vice versa.

Evolution

evolvedtheory of evolutionevolutionary
This shift in socialism was seen as complementary to shifts in contemporary biology sparked by Charles Darwin and the understanding of evolution by natural selection—Marx and Engels saw this new understanding of biology as essential to the new understanding of socialism and vice versa.