Scotland

Scottish🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿ScotsScotsmanScotScottish-bornScotchSCOScottish-TribalScottish Albums Chart
Scotland (Scotland, Alba ) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.wikipedia
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England

🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿EnglishENG
It covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain, with a border with England to the southeast, and is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the north and west, the North Sea to the northeast, the Irish Sea to the south, and more than 790 islands, including the Northern Isles and the Hebrides.
It shares land borders with Wales to the west and Scotland to the north-northwest.

United Kingdom

British🇬🇧UK
Scotland (Scotland, Alba ) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
| Scotland

Anglo-Scottish border

borderBordersScottish border
It covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain, with a border with England to the southeast, and is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the north and west, the North Sea to the northeast, the Irish Sea to the south, and more than 790 islands, including the Northern Isles and the Hebrides.
The Anglo-Scottish border between England and Scotland runs for 96 miles (154 km) between Marshall Meadows Bay on the east coast and the Solway Firth in the west.

Northern Isles

NorthernNorðreyjarOrkney
It covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain, with a border with England to the southeast, and is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the north and west, the North Sea to the northeast, the Irish Sea to the south, and more than 790 islands, including the Northern Isles and the Hebrides.
The Northern Isles (Northren Isles; Na h-Eileanan a Tuath; ) are a pair of archipelagos off the north coast of mainland Scotland, comprising Orkney and Shetland.

North Sea

Norththe North SeaNorthern Sea
It covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain, with a border with England to the southeast, and is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the north and west, the North Sea to the northeast, the Irish Sea to the south, and more than 790 islands, including the Northern Isles and the Hebrides.
The North Sea is a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean located between the United Kingdom (particularly England and Scotland), Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium and France.

Hebrides

HebrideanHebridean islandsWestern Isles
It covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain, with a border with England to the southeast, and is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the north and west, the North Sea to the northeast, the Irish Sea to the south, and more than 790 islands, including the Northern Isles and the Hebrides.
The Hebrides (Innse Gall, ; ) comprise a widespread and diverse archipelago off the west coast of mainland Scotland.

Great Britain

BritishBritainGBR
It covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain, with a border with England to the southeast, and is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the north and west, the North Sea to the northeast, the Irish Sea to the south, and more than 790 islands, including the Northern Isles and the Hebrides.
Most of England, Scotland, and Wales are on the island.

Scots law

Scotlandlawjustice
The continued existence of legal, educational, religious and other institutions distinct from those in the remainder of the UK have all contributed to the continuation of Scottish culture and national identity since the 1707 union with England.
Scots law is the legal system of Scotland.

Kingdom of Scotland

ScotlandScottishScots
The Kingdom of Scotland emerged as an independent sovereign state in the Early Middle Ages and continued to exist until 1707.
Following the annexation of the Northern Isles from the Kingdom of Norway in 1472 and final capture of the Royal Burgh of Berwick by the Kingdom of England in 1482, the territory of the Kingdom of Scotland corresponded to that of modern-day Scotland, bounded by the North Sea to the east, the Atlantic Ocean to the north and west, and the North Channel and Irish Sea to the southwest.

Irish Sea

Irishseathe sea
It covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain, with a border with England to the southeast, and is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the north and west, the North Sea to the northeast, the Irish Sea to the south, and more than 790 islands, including the Northern Isles and the Hebrides.
To the north, the connection is through the North Channel between Scotland and Northern Ireland and the Malin Sea.

Culture of Scotland

ScottishcultureScottish culture
The continued existence of legal, educational, religious and other institutions distinct from those in the remainder of the UK have all contributed to the continuation of Scottish culture and national identity since the 1707 union with England.
The culture of Scotland refers to the patterns of human activity and symbolism associated with Scotland and the Scottish people.

Scottish Parliament

ParliamentHolyroodScotland
The Scottish Parliament, which is a unicameral legislature comprising 129 members, was established in 1999 and has authority over many areas of domestic policy that have been devolved by the United Kingdom Parliament.
The Scottish Parliament ({{lang-gd|Pàrlamaid na h-Alba}}; Scots: The Scots Pairlament) is the devolved unicameral legislature of Scotland.

Glasgow

GlaswegianGlasgow, ScotlandWest End
Glasgow City is the largest subdivision in Scotland in terms of population, with Highland being the largest in terms of area.
Glasgow ( Glesga ; Glaschu ) is the most populous city in Scotland, and the third most populous city in the United Kingdom, as of the 2017 estimated city population of 621,020.

Subdivisions of Scotland

council areacouncil areasunitary council area
Scotland is divided into 32 subdivisions, known as local authorities, or councils.
For local government purposes, Scotland is divided into 32 areas designated as "council areas", which are all governed by single-tier authorities designated as "councils".

Orkney

Orkney IslandsOrcadianNorth Isles
The well-preserved village of Skara Brae on the mainland of Orkney dates from this period.
Orkney (Orkney), also known as the Orkney Islands, is an archipelago in the Northern Isles of Scotland, situated off the north coast of the isle of Great Britain.

Southern Uplands

Scottish Uplandssouth west Scotlandsouthern
After the Roman victory, Roman forts were briefly set along the Gask Ridge close to the Highland line, but by three years after the battle, the Roman armies had withdrawn to the Southern Uplands.
The Southern Uplands are the southernmost and least populous of mainland Scotland's three major geographic areas (the others being the Central Lowlands and the Highlands).

Picts

PictishPictlandPicto-Scottish
Beginning in the sixth century, the area that is now Scotland was divided into three areas: Pictland, a patchwork of small lordships in central Scotland; the Anglo-Saxon Kingdom of Northumbria, which had conquered southeastern Scotland; Settlers from Ireland founded the kingdom of Dál Riata in western Scotland the sixth century, bringing Gaelic language and culture with them.
The Picts were a confederation of peoples who lived in what is today eastern and northern Scotland during the Late Iron Age and Early Medieval periods.

Dál Riata

DalriadaDalriadicDal Riada
Beginning in the sixth century, the area that is now Scotland was divided into three areas: Pictland, a patchwork of small lordships in central Scotland; the Anglo-Saxon Kingdom of Northumbria, which had conquered southeastern Scotland; Settlers from Ireland founded the kingdom of Dál Riata in western Scotland the sixth century, bringing Gaelic language and culture with them.
Dál Riata or Dál Riada (also Dalriada) was a Gaelic overkingdom that included parts of western Scotland and northeastern Ireland, on each side of the North Channel.

Limes Britannicus

The Romans erected Hadrian's Wall in northern England and the Limes Britannicus became the northern border of the Roman Empire.
These defences existed from the 1st to the 5th centuries AD and ran through the territory of present-day England, Scotland and Wales.

Anglo-Saxons

Anglo-SaxonSaxonSaxons
Beginning in the sixth century, the area that is now Scotland was divided into three areas: Pictland, a patchwork of small lordships in central Scotland; the Anglo-Saxon Kingdom of Northumbria, which had conquered southeastern Scotland; Settlers from Ireland founded the kingdom of Dál Riata in western Scotland the sixth century, bringing Gaelic language and culture with them.
The term Anglo-Saxon is popularly used for the language that was spoken and written by the Anglo-Saxons in England and eastern Scotland between at least the mid-5th century and the mid-12th century.

Skara Brae

Orkney IslandsSkara Brae Village
The well-preserved village of Skara Brae on the mainland of Orkney dates from this period.
Skara Brae is a stone-built Neolithic settlement, located on the Bay of Skaill on the west coast of Mainland, the largest island in the Orkney archipelago of Scotland.

Columba

Saint ColumbaSt. ColumbaSt Columba
Operating in the sixth century on the island of Iona, Saint Columba was one of the earliest and best-known missionaries.
Saint Columba (, 'church dove'; Columbkille; 7 December 521 – 9 June 597) was an Irish abbot and missionary Evangelist credited with spreading Christianity in what is today Scotland at the start of the Hiberno-Scottish mission.

Iona

Isle of IonaHebridean IslandIcolmkill
Operating in the sixth century on the island of Iona, Saint Columba was one of the earliest and best-known missionaries.
Iona (Ì Chaluim Chille, sometimes simply Ì) is a small island in the Inner Hebrides off the Ross of Mull on the western coast of Scotland.

British–Irish Council

British-Irish Council
Scotland is also a member of the British–Irish Council, and sends five members of the Scottish Parliament to the British–Irish Parliamentary Assembly.
Its membership comprises Ireland, the United Kingdom, the devolved governments of Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales, and the governments of the Crown dependencies of the UK: Guernsey, Jersey and the Isle of Man.

Moray

Moray council areaMoray CouncilElginshire
From a base in eastern Scotland north of the River Forth and south of the River Spey, the kingdom expanded first southwards, into the former Northumbrian lands, and northwards into Moray.
Moray (Moireibh or Moireabh; Moravia; ) is one of the 32 Local Government council areas of Scotland.