Scottish National War Memorial

National War MemorialWar Memorial
The Scottish National War Memorial is located in Edinburgh Castle and commemorates Scottish soldiers, and those serving with Scottish regiments, who died in the two world wars and more recent conflicts.wikipedia
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Edinburgh Castle

EdinburghCastleOne O'Clock Gun
The Scottish National War Memorial is located in Edinburgh Castle and commemorates Scottish soldiers, and those serving with Scottish regiments, who died in the two world wars and more recent conflicts.
The castle also houses the Scottish regalia, known as the Honours of Scotland and is the site of the Scottish National War Memorial and the National War Museum of Scotland.

Robert Lorimer

Sir Robert LorimerLorimer
Sir Robert Lorimer, one of the architects involved in the Imperial War Graves Commission, was appointed in 1919, but opposition to a large-scale monument arose from the Cockburn Association and others concerned with the castle's heritage.
He received a knighthood for his efforts and went on to gain the commission for the Scottish National War Memorial at Edinburgh Castle in 1919, subsequently opened by the Prince of Wales in 1927.

John Stewart-Murray, 8th Duke of Atholl

John Stewart-Murray, Marquess of TullibardineMarquess of TullibardineThe Duke of Atholl
Proposals for a Scottish National War Memorial were put forward in 1917, during the First World War, by John Stewart-Murray, 8th Duke of Atholl, and Capt George Swinton of Kimmerghame.
He was key in establishing a Scottish National War Memorial in Edinburgh Castle after the First World War and his papers relating to this are retained by the National Library of Scotland.

Pilkington Jackson

Charles d’Orville Pilkington JacksonCharles d'Orville Pilkington Jackson
The exterior of the building is decorated with gargoyles and sculpture by Pilkington Jackson, John Marshall and Phyllis Bone, whilst the interior contains elaborate wall monuments commemorating individual regiments.
He was appointed as "supervising sculptor" for the Scottish National War Memorial, which was planned and built within Edinburgh Castle between 1919 and 1927.

Douglas Strachan

The stained-glass windows are by Douglas Strachan.
He also added to his international reputation as an influential stained glass artist for his war memorial windows for the Scottish National War Memorial at Edinburgh Castle.

John Marshall (Scottish sculptor)

John Marshall
The exterior of the building is decorated with gargoyles and sculpture by Pilkington Jackson, John Marshall and Phyllis Bone, whilst the interior contains elaborate wall monuments commemorating individual regiments.
Heraldic sculpture, Scottish National War Memorial (1924-1927) with Pilkington Jackson

Phyllis Bone

Phyllis Mary Bone
The exterior of the building is decorated with gargoyles and sculpture by Pilkington Jackson, John Marshall and Phyllis Bone, whilst the interior contains elaborate wall monuments commemorating individual regiments.
Lion and unicorn flanking the entrance of the Scottish National War Memorial (1924-7) working with Pilkington Jackson and Sir Robert Lorimer plus internal roundels relating to animals used by the troops during World War I (carrier pigeons, mules etc.)

World War I

First World WarGreat WarFirst
Proposals for a Scottish National War Memorial were put forward in 1917, during the First World War, by John Stewart-Murray, 8th Duke of Atholl, and Capt George Swinton of Kimmerghame. The original aim behind the Memorial was to commemorate Scots and those serving with Scottish regiments who had died in the First World War, from the declaration of war on 4 August 1914 to the Treaty of Versailles of 28 June 1919 (confirmed military suicides and those tried and executed excepted).

Commonwealth War Graves Commission

war gravesCommonwealth war graveswar grave
Sir Robert Lorimer, one of the architects involved in the Imperial War Graves Commission, was appointed in 1919, but opposition to a large-scale monument arose from the Cockburn Association and others concerned with the castle's heritage.

Cockburn Association

Sir Robert Lorimer, one of the architects involved in the Imperial War Graves Commission, was appointed in 1919, but opposition to a large-scale monument arose from the Cockburn Association and others concerned with the castle's heritage.

Edward VIII

Prince of WalesKing Edward VIIIEdward, Prince of Wales
A more modest scheme to remodel the North Barrack Block was finally agreed in 1923, and the memorial was formally opened on 14 July 1927 by the Prince of Wales.

World War II

Second World WarwarWWII
After the Second World War 50,000 names were added to the rolls of honour.

Gargoyle

gargoylesArchitectural definitiongargouille
The exterior of the building is decorated with gargoyles and sculpture by Pilkington Jackson, John Marshall and Phyllis Bone, whilst the interior contains elaborate wall monuments commemorating individual regiments.

Stained glass

stained glass windowstained-glassstained glass windows
The stained-glass windows are by Douglas Strachan.

Scottish regiment

Highland regimentHighland regimentsHighland
The Scottish National War Memorial is located in Edinburgh Castle and commemorates Scottish soldiers, and those serving with Scottish regiments, who died in the two world wars and more recent conflicts. The original aim behind the Memorial was to commemorate Scots and those serving with Scottish regiments who had died in the First World War, from the declaration of war on 4 August 1914 to the Treaty of Versailles of 28 June 1919 (confirmed military suicides and those tried and executed excepted).

Treaty of Versailles

VersaillesVersailles Treaty1919
The original aim behind the Memorial was to commemorate Scots and those serving with Scottish regiments who had died in the First World War, from the declaration of war on 4 August 1914 to the Treaty of Versailles of 28 June 1919 (confirmed military suicides and those tried and executed excepted).

War memorial

memorialwar memorialsRoll of Honour
For various reasons connected with their character, the same may be said to apply to certain governmental memorials in the United Kingdom (the Cenotaph in London, relating to the Empire in general, and the Scottish National War Memorial in Edinburgh, also with a reference to the Empire, but with particular connections to the United Kingdom, having been opened by the Prince of Wales in 1927 and with the King and the Queen the first visitors and contributors of a casket of the Scottish names for addition within the Shrine).

List of people from Edinburgh

People from Edinburgh
Robert Lorimer (1864–1929), architect, whose works include the Scottish National War Memorial

Sculpture in Scotland

Scottish
The major project of the Scottish National War Memorial within Edinburgh Castle, provided opportunities for sculptors, many of whom were drawn from Edinburgh College of Art, helping to cement an Arts and Craft ethos.

St Andrew's Garrison Church, Aldershot

St Andrew's Garrison ChurchGarrison Church of St Andrew
During the 1920s Sir Robert Lorimer designed a number of war memorials, including the Scottish National War Memorial at Edinburgh Castle.

1929 New Year Honours

in 1929
Alexander Park Lyle For services in connection with the Scottish National War Memorial.

1927 in Scotland

1927
14 July – the Scottish National War Memorial is opened at Edinburgh Castle (architect: Robert Lorimer).

1927 in architecture

1927
July 14 – Scottish National War Memorial at Edinburgh Castle, designed by Robert Lorimer, is opened.

Scottish American Memorial

Scottish American War MemorialScottish-American War Memorial
The memorial was paid for by The Scottish – American War Memorial Committee representing Scottish-Americans as a tribute to the bravery of Scottish troops during World War I. The Scottish National War Memorial (with similar design relating to the military in the Shrine) having been opened in July of that same year it was evidently relatedly unveiled on 7 September 1927 by the United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom, Alanson B Houghton,