Scupi

SkupiDiocletiana
Scupi is an archaeological site located between Zajčev Rid (Зајчев Рид 'Rabbit Hill') and the Vardar River, several kilometers from the center of Skopje in North Macedonia.wikipedia
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Skopje

SkopljeSkopje, MacedoniaCity of Skopje
Scupi is an archaeological site located between Zajčev Rid (Зајчев Рид 'Rabbit Hill') and the Vardar River, several kilometers from the center of Skopje in North Macedonia.
Originally a Paeonian city, Scupi became the capital of Dardania in the second century BC.

North Macedonia

MacedoniaRepublic of MacedoniaMacedonian
Scupi is an archaeological site located between Zajčev Rid (Зајчев Рид 'Rabbit Hill') and the Vardar River, several kilometers from the center of Skopje in North Macedonia.
Philip's son Alexander the Great conquered the remainder of the region and incorporated it in his empire, reaching as far north as Scupi, but the city and the surrounding area remained part of Dardania.

Moesia

Moesia InferiorMoesia SuperiorLower Moesia
Scupi was included in Moesia Superior after the province was formed in AD 6.
The chief towns of Upper Moesia in the Principate were: Singidunum (Belgrade), Viminacium (sometimes called municipium Aelium; modern Kostolac), Remesiana (Bela Palanka), Bononia (Vidin), Ratiaria (Archar) and Skupi (modern Skopje); of Lower Moesia: Oescus (colonia Ulpia, Gigen), Novae (near Svishtov, the chief seat of Theodoric the Great), Nicopolis ad Istrum (Nikup; really near the river Yantra), Marcianopolis (Devnya), Odessus (Varna) and Tomis (Constanţa; to which the poet Ovid was banished).

Old Bazaar, Skopje

Old BazaarIshak Bey MosqueStara Čaršija
The connection is based on the assumption that the village Taor which is located near Skopje is Tauresium, Justinian I's birthplace, and by the description of Justininiana Prima by Procopius that suits Skopje's fortress (Kale), the Old Bazaar and the aqueduct which are still landmarks of Skopje.
Following the fall of the city of Scupi under Roman rule, numerous Roman buildings, such as temples, thermaes, and theatres were built inside the city, that subsequently promoted it as an important religious and cultural centre in the Roman Empire.

Tauresium

Gradište (Skopje)
The connection is based on the assumption that the village Taor which is located near Skopje is Tauresium, Justinian I's birthplace, and by the description of Justininiana Prima by Procopius that suits Skopje's fortress (Kale), the Old Bazaar and the aqueduct which are still landmarks of Skopje.
Tauresium and the castle Baderiana were destroyed in an earthquake in 518 and the epicentre of the earthquake was in the nearby city of Skupi.

Nikola Vulić

Radoslav Gruić discovered the early Christian basilica in 1925 and the most important discovery was made by Nikola Vulić, a Serbian archeologist, when he found the ancient Roman theater.
Other Vulić's archeological research included also the excavation (1925) of the theatre at Scupi, the Roman town established in the first century AD, and Heraclea Lyncestis in Bitola, a town founded in the fourth century BC.

Vardar

Vardar RiverAxiosAxius
Scupi is an archaeological site located between Zajčev Rid (Зајчев Рид 'Rabbit Hill') and the Vardar River, several kilometers from the center of Skopje in North Macedonia.

Dardani

DardaniaDardaniansRoman Dardania
A Roman military camp was founded here in the second century BC on the site of an older Dardanian settlement. Scupi became the capital of Dardania, which extended from Naissus to Bylazora, in the second century BC.

Domitian

Titus Flavius DomitianusAugustusEmperor Domitian
A Roman town was founded in the time of Domitian (AD 81–96) and Scupi became the chief center for romanizing Dardania. Scupi grew up as a colony of legionnaires, mainly veterans of the Legio IIV Claudia in the time of Domitian (AD 81–96), even though several legions of Crassus' army of 29-28 BC, may already have been stationed there, before the official imperial command in this area was instituted.

Niš

NaissusNiš, SerbiaNish
Scupi became the capital of Dardania, which extended from Naissus to Bylazora, in the second century BC.

Bylazora

Vilazora
Scupi became the capital of Dardania, which extended from Naissus to Bylazora, in the second century BC.

Ancient Rome

RomanRomansRome
It is not clear when the Romans finally annexed Dardania and it seems most likely that the Dardani actually lost independence in 28 BC.

Marcus Licinius Crassus

CrassusMarcus CrassusLicinius Crassus
Scupi grew up as a colony of legionnaires, mainly veterans of the Legio IIV Claudia in the time of Domitian (AD 81–96), even though several legions of Crassus' army of 29-28 BC, may already have been stationed there, before the official imperial command in this area was instituted.

Dardania (Roman province)

DardaniaDiocletianaRoman province
From 272 AD, it was a colony inside the Roman province of Dardania after Dardania was established.

Justiniana Prima

Iustiniana PrimaCaričin GradCaričin Grad – Iustiniana Prima, archaeological site
The moving of the city is often connected with the founding of Justiniana Prima.

Justinian I

JustinianEmperor JustinianJustinian the Great
Justiniana Prima was a legendary city founded by Justinian I, who reigned over the Eastern Roman Empire in 527–565.

Roman theatre (structure)

Roman theatretheatreRoman theater
Radoslav Gruić discovered the early Christian basilica in 1925 and the most important discovery was made by Nikola Vulić, a Serbian archeologist, when he found the ancient Roman theater.

Milutin Garašanin

The Museum of the City of Skopje began new excavation and conservation work on the site from 1966 led by Milutin Garašanin.

Venus (mythology)

VenusVenus VictrixVenus Erycina
In July 2008, a well-preserved statue of the Roman goddess Venus was found.

Ostrogoths

OstrogothOstrogothicGothic
The last, the fourth period that begins roughly after the invasion by the Ostrogoths from AD 472 or 489 is represented by remains of an early Christian basilica and a townhouse with apse.

Heraclea Lyncestis

HeracleaHeraklea LynkestisHeracleia

Culture of North Macedonia

culture of the Republic of MacedoniaArt of North Macedoniacontemporary Macedonian art
Sites for archaeology of extraordinary quality include those at Stobi in Gradsko, Heraclea Lyncestis in Bitola, Lychnidos, the Church of St. Sophia in Ohrid, and Scupi in Skopje.

Paeonia (kingdom)

PaeoniaPaeoniansPaeonian
It was separated from Dardania by the mountains through which the Vardar river passes from the field of Scupi (modern Skopje) to the valley of Bylazora (near modern Sveti Nikole).