Sea lion

sea lionssealionOtariinaesealsea-lionsealionssealsTodo
Sea lions are pinnipeds characterized by external ear flaps, long foreflippers, the ability to walk on all fours, short, thick hair, and a big chest and belly.wikipedia
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Pinniped

sealsealsPinnipedia
Sea lions are pinnipeds characterized by external ear flaps, long foreflippers, the ability to walk on all fours, short, thick hair, and a big chest and belly.
They comprise the extant families Odobenidae (whose only living member is the walrus), Otariidae (the eared seals: sea lions and fur seals), and Phocidae (the earless seals, or true seals).

Australian sea lion

Neophoca cinereaAustralian Sea-lionN. cinerea
Three species, the Australian sea lion, the Galápagos sea lion and the New Zealand sea lion are listed as Endangered.
The Australian sea lion (Neophoca cinerea), also known as the Australian sea-lion or Australian sealion, is a species of sea lion that is the only endemic pinniped in Australia.

Caniformia

caniformcaniformsCanoidea
The Pinnipedia (seals, walruses and sea lions) are also assigned to this group.

Fur seal

fur sealssealArctocephalinae
Together with the fur seals, they comprise the family Otariidae, eared seals, which contains six extant and one extinct species (the Japanese sea lion) in five genera.
They are much more closely related to sea lions than true seals, and share with them external ears (pinnae), relatively long and muscular foreflippers, and the ability to walk on all fours.

California sea lion

California sea lionsZalophus californianusCalifornia
In San Francisco, where an increasingly large population of California sea lions crowds docks along San Francisco Bay, incidents have been reported in recent years of swimmers being bitten on the legs by large, aggressive males, possibly as territorial acts.
It is one of six species of sea lion.

Galápagos sea lion

sea lionsea lionsGalapagos sea lion
Three species, the Australian sea lion, the Galápagos sea lion and the New Zealand sea lion are listed as Endangered.
The Galápagos sea lion (Zalophus wollebaeki) is a species of sea lion that exclusively breeds on the Galápagos Islands and – in smaller numbers – on Isla de la Plata (Ecuador).

Dirofilaria immitis

heartwormheartwormsdog heartworm
Other parasites, like Anisakis and heartworm can also infect sea lions.
The definitive host is the dog, but it can also infect cats, wolves, coyotes, jackals, foxes, and other animals, such as ferrets, bears, seals, sea lions and, under rare circumstances, humans.

Seal hunting

sealerssealingsealer
Although sealing has been put to a halt in many countries, such as Uruguay, the sea lion population continues to decline because of the drastic effects humans have on their ecosystems.
The two main families of seals are the Otariidae (the eared seals; includes sea lions, and fur seals), and Phocidae (the earless seals); animals in the family Phocidae are sometimes referred to as hair seals, and are much more adept in the water than the eared seals, though they have a more difficult time getting around on land.

Anisakis

anisakiasisAnisakidAnisakis typica
Other parasites, like Anisakis and heartworm can also infect sea lions.
The lifecycle is completed when an infected fish is eaten by a marine mammal, such as a whale, seal, sea lion, dolphin or another animal like a seabird or shark.

Earless seal

Phocidaesealseals
They are sometimes called crawling seals to distinguish them from the fur seals and sea lions of the family Otariidae.

Memphis Zoo

MemphisMemphis Zoo and Aquarium
Home to the zoo's polar bears, this $23 million exhibit opened on March 1, 2006, and features an underwater viewing building, sea lion observation bubble and a 500-seat amphitheater for daily sea lion shows.

Steller sea lion

Steller's sea lionEumetopiasSteller sea lions
The largest sea lion is Steller's sea lion, which can weigh 1000 kg and grow to a length of 10 ft. Sea lions consume large quantities of food at a time and are known to eat about 5–8% of their body weight (about 15 - 35 lb) at a single feeding.
The Steller sea lion (Eumetopias jubatus), also known as the northern sea lion and Steller's sea lion, is a near-threatened species of sea lion in the northern Pacific.

Eared seal

Otariidaeotariidseared seals
Together with the fur seals, they comprise the family Otariidae, eared seals, which contains six extant and one extinct species (the Japanese sea lion) in five genera.
They comprise 15 extant species in seven genera (another species became extinct in the 1950s) and are commonly known either as sea lions or fur seals, distinct from true seals (phocids) and the walrus (odobenids).

South American sea lion

Otariasouthern sea lionsea lions
The South American sea lion (Otaria flavescens, formerly Otaria byronia), also called the Southern Sea Lion and the Patagonian sea lion, is a sea lion found on the Ecuadorian, Peruvian, Chilean, Falkland Islands, Argentinean, Uruguayan, and Southern Brazilian coasts.

New Zealand sea lion

PhocarctosHooker's sea lionsea lions
Three species, the Australian sea lion, the Galápagos sea lion and the New Zealand sea lion are listed as Endangered.
The New Zealand sea lion (Phocarctos hookeri), also known as Hooker's sea lion, and whakahao in Māori, is a species of sea lion that primarily breeds on New Zealand's subantarctic Auckland and Campbell islands and to some extent around the coast of New Zealand's South and Stewart islands.

Sealioning

Sea lioning
The comic spawned the term "sealioning" - repeatedly asking for an explanation (assumedly in bad faith) of previous comments.
The term originated with a 2014 strip of the webcomic Wondermark by David Malki, where a character expresses a dislike of sea lions and a sea lion intrudes to repeatedly ask the character to explain.

Neophoca

Neophoca is a genus of the family Otariidae (sea lions and fur seals) of order Carnivora.

Zalophus

Zalophus is a genus of the family Otariidae (sea lions and fur seals) of the order Carnivora.

Ballestas Islands

Islas Ballestas
Other notable species include Humboldt penguins and two varieties of seals (fur seals and sea lions), amongst other mammals.

Wondermark

David Malkicomic by David Malki
*A 2014 comic by David Malki featured a talking sea lion confronting a human he overheard saying she hated sea lions.
In the comic strip, a character expresses a dislike of sea lions, and a sea lion immediately appears, following the character around to repeatedly ask why that is.

Auricle (anatomy)

pinnapinnaeauricle
Sea lions are pinnipeds characterized by external ear flaps, long foreflippers, the ability to walk on all fours, short, thick hair, and a big chest and belly.

Neontology

extantlivingextant species
Together with the fur seals, they comprise the family Otariidae, eared seals, which contains six extant and one extinct species (the Japanese sea lion) in five genera.

Japanese sea lion

sea lionsZ. japonicus
Together with the fur seals, they comprise the family Otariidae, eared seals, which contains six extant and one extinct species (the Japanese sea lion) in five genera.

Genus

generageneric namegeneric
Together with the fur seals, they comprise the family Otariidae, eared seals, which contains six extant and one extinct species (the Japanese sea lion) in five genera.

Subarctic

sub-arcticcircumpolarcontinental subarctic climate
Their range extends from the subarctic to tropical waters of the global ocean in both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres, with the notable exception of the northern Atlantic Ocean.