Sea of Marmara

Marmara SeaPropontisMarmaraSea of MarmoraMarmara regionGulf of NicomediaMarmara DeniziMarmora SeaMarmara MeerMarmora
The Sea of Marmara (Marmara Denizi;, ), also known as the Sea of Marmora or the Marmara Sea, and in the context of classical antiquity as the Propontis, is the inland sea, entirely within the borders of Turkey, that connects the Black Sea to the Aegean Sea, thus separating Turkey's Asian and European parts.wikipedia
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Turkey

TurkishRepublic of TurkeyTUR
The Sea of Marmara (Marmara Denizi;, ), also known as the Sea of Marmora or the Marmara Sea, and in the context of classical antiquity as the Propontis, is the inland sea, entirely within the borders of Turkey, that connects the Black Sea to the Aegean Sea, thus separating Turkey's Asian and European parts.
East Thrace, the part of Turkey in Europe, is separated from Anatolia by the Sea of Marmara, the Bosphorous and the Dardanelles (collectively called the Turkish Straits).

Aegean Sea

AegeanAegean coastAgean sea
The Sea of Marmara (Marmara Denizi;, ), also known as the Sea of Marmora or the Marmara Sea, and in the context of classical antiquity as the Propontis, is the inland sea, entirely within the borders of Turkey, that connects the Black Sea to the Aegean Sea, thus separating Turkey's Asian and European parts.
In the north, the Aegean is connected to the Marmara Sea and the Black Sea by the straits of the Dardanelles and Bosphorus.

Black Sea

BlackEuxinePontus Euxinus
The Sea of Marmara (Marmara Denizi;, ), also known as the Sea of Marmora or the Marmara Sea, and in the context of classical antiquity as the Propontis, is the inland sea, entirely within the borders of Turkey, that connects the Black Sea to the Aegean Sea, thus separating Turkey's Asian and European parts.
The Bosphorus Strait connects it to the Sea of Marmara, and the Strait of the Dardanelles connects that sea to the Aegean Sea region of the Mediterranean.

Bosporus

BosphorusBosphorus StraitBosphorous
The Bosphorus strait connects it to the Black Sea and the Dardanelles strait to the Aegean Sea.
It is the world's narrowest strait used for international navigation, the Bosporus connects the Black Sea with the Sea of Marmara, and, by extension via the Dardanelles, the Aegean and Mediterranean seas.

Dardanelles

HellespontDardanelles StraitÇanakkale Boğazı
The Bosphorus strait connects it to the Black Sea and the Dardanelles strait to the Aegean Sea.
One of the world's narrowest straits used for international navigation, the Dardanelles connects the Sea of Marmara with the Aegean and Mediterranean Seas, while also allowing passage to the Black Sea by extension via the Bosphorus.

Marmara Island

MarmaraProconnesusProkonnesos
The sea takes its name from Marmara Island, which is rich in sources of marble, from the Greek μάρμᾰρον (mármaron), "marble". The sea contains the archipelago of the Prince Islands and Marmara Island, Avşa and Paşalimanı.
Marmara Island (Προκόννησος Proconnesus) is a Turkish island in the Sea of Marmara.

Cyzicus (mythology)

CyzicusKing Cyzicus
In Greek mythology, a storm on Propontis brought the Argonauts back to an island they had left, precipitating a battle where either Jason or Heracles killed King Cyzicus, who mistook them for his Pelasgian enemies.
In Greek mythology, King Cyzicus or Kyzikos (Ancient Greek: Κυζίκου, Kuzíkou) was the ruler of the Dolionians, a tribe that inhabited the southern shore of the Propontis (the Sea of Marmara).

Anatolia

Asia MinorAsiatic TurkeyAnatolian Plateau
With little land in Thrace draining southward, almost all of these rivers flow from Anatolia.
The Sea of Marmara forms a connection between the Black and Aegean seas through the Bosphorus and Dardanelles straits and separates Anatolia from Thrace on the Balkan peninsula of Europe.

Gulfs of Turkey

Bays of TurkeyGulf of Bandırma
The south coast of the sea is heavily indented, and includes the Gulf of İzmit (İzmit Körfezi), the Gulf of Gemlik (Gemlik Körfezi), Gulf of Bandırma (Bandırma Körfezi) and the Gulf of Erdek (Erdek Körfezi).
The surrounding seas are the Black Sea, Sea of Marmara, Aegean Sea and Mediterranean Sea.

Istanbul

İstanbulConstantinopleIstanbul, Turkey
The former also separates Istanbul into its Asian and European sides.
Istanbul is a transcontinental city in Eurasia, straddling the Bosporus strait (which separates Europe and Asia) between the Sea of Marmara and the Black Sea.

Mediterranean Sea

MediterraneanMediterranean coastWestern Mediterranean
The water is much more saline at the sea bottom, averaging salinities of around 38 parts per thousand, similar to that of the Mediterranean Sea.

Gulf of Gemlik

CiusGemlikGulf of Kios
The south coast of the sea is heavily indented, and includes the Gulf of İzmit (İzmit Körfezi), the Gulf of Gemlik (Gemlik Körfezi), Gulf of Bandırma (Bandırma Körfezi) and the Gulf of Erdek (Erdek Körfezi).
The Gulf of Gemlik (Gemlik Körfezi) is an inlet of the Sea of Marmara in the Marmara region of Turkey.

Biga Çayı

GranicusBiga RiverGranicus River
Water from the Susurluk, Biga (Granicus) and Gonen Rivers also reduces the salinity of the sea, though with less influence than on the Black Sea.
The river begins at the base of Mount Ida and trends generally northeasterly to the Sea of Marmara.

Gulf of İzmit

Gulf of IzmitSinus AstacenusIzmit Bay
The south coast of the sea is heavily indented, and includes the Gulf of İzmit (İzmit Körfezi), the Gulf of Gemlik (Gemlik Körfezi), Gulf of Bandırma (Bandırma Körfezi) and the Gulf of Erdek (Erdek Körfezi).
Gulf of İzmit (Turkish: İzmit Körfezi), anciently, Sinus Astacenus and Olbianus Sinus, also referred to as Izmit Bay, is a bay at the easternmost edge of the Sea of Marmara, in Kocaeli Province, Turkey.

Paşalimanı

Paşalimanı IslandPasalimaniHalone
The sea contains the archipelago of the Prince Islands and Marmara Island, Avşa and Paşalimanı.
Paşalimanı Island (Paşalimanı Adası), formerly Halone, is a small island in the southern Sea of Marmara in Turkey.

Avşa

Avşa IslandAvsaAphousia
The sea contains the archipelago of the Prince Islands and Marmara Island, Avşa and Paşalimanı.
Avşa Island (Avşa Adası) or Türkeli is a Turkish island in the southern Sea of Marmara with an area of about 14 mi2.

Princes' Islands

AdalarPrince IslandsPrince's Islands
The sea contains the archipelago of the Prince Islands and Marmara Island, Avşa and Paşalimanı.
The Princes' Islands (Πριγκηπονήσια, Prens Adaları; the "princes" are plural, meaning "Islands of the Princes") or Kızıl Adalar ("Red Islands") in Turkish, officially just Adalar ("Islands"), are an archipelago off the coast of Istanbul, Turkey, in the Sea of Marmara.

Kadıköy

KadiköyKadikoySöğütlüçeşme
Kadıköy (in Byzantine Chalcedon, in ), is a large, populous, and cosmopolitan district in the Asian side of Istanbul, Turkey on the northern shore of the Sea of Marmara, facing the historic city centre on the European side of the Bosporus.

Kartal

Kartal, Istanbul
Kartal is a district of Istanbul, Turkey, located on the Asian side of the city, on the coast of the Marmara Sea between Maltepe and Pendik.

1999 İzmit earthquake

İzmit earthquake1999 Izmit earthquakeearthquake
The North Anatolian Fault, which has triggered many major earthquakes in recent years, such as the August and November 1999 earthquakes in Izmit and Düzce, respectively, runs under the sea.
The Izmit earthquake had a rupture length of 150 km extending from the city of Düzce all the way into the Sea of Marmara along the Gulf of İzmit.

Bakırköy

HebdomonBakirkoyMakriköy
Bakırköy lies between the highway (locally known as E-5) and the coast of the Sea of Marmara.

Bostancı

Bostancı İDOBostancı Mah.Bostancı, Kadıköy
The neighbourhood fronts the Sea of Marmara and is not far from the Princes' Islands.

Silivri

SelymbriaAkören (Anaka, Avren, Akviran)Silivri (Kınalı)
Silivri (ancient Selymbria) is a city and a district in Istanbul Province along the Sea of Marmara in Turkey, outside the urban core of Istanbul, containing many holiday and weekend homes for residents of the city.

Yeşilköy

San StefanoYesilkoyYesilköy
Yeşilköy (prior to 1926, San Stefano or Santo Stefano from the Greek: Άγιος Στέφανος pronounced Ayos Stefanos, rendered in Turkish as Ayastefanos, Сан Стефано) is a neighbourhood (mahalle) in the district of Bakırköy, Istanbul, Turkey, on the Marmara Sea about 11 km west of Istanbul's historic city centre.

Balıkesir Province

BalıkesirBalikesir ProvinceBalikesir
Balıkesir Province (undefined) is a province in northwestern Turkey with coastlines on both the Sea of Marmara and the Aegean.