Search and rescue

SARsearch-and-rescueCombat Search and RescueSearch & Rescueair-sea rescuerescueSearch and Rescue (SAR)Search and Rescue OperationsAir Sea Rescuecombat search-and-rescue
Search and rescue (SAR) is the search for and provision of aid to people who are in distress or imminent danger.wikipedia
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Mountain rescue

Mountain Rescue TeamMountain Rescue Servicemountain rescue helicopter
These include mountain rescue; ground search and rescue, including the use of search and rescue dogs; urban search and rescue in cities; combat search and rescue on the battlefield and air-sea rescue over water.
Mountain rescue refers to search and rescue activities that occur in a mountainous environment, although the term is sometimes also used to apply to search and rescue in other wilderness environments.

Air-sea rescue

air sea rescuesea-air rescueASR
These include mountain rescue; ground search and rescue, including the use of search and rescue dogs; urban search and rescue in cities; combat search and rescue on the battlefield and air-sea rescue over water.
Air-sea rescue (ASR or A/SR, also known as sea-air rescue) is the coordinated search and rescue (SAR) of the survivors of emergency water landings as well as people who have survived the loss of their seagoing vessel.

Combat search and rescue

CSARsearch and rescuecombat rescue
These include mountain rescue; ground search and rescue, including the use of search and rescue dogs; urban search and rescue in cities; combat search and rescue on the battlefield and air-sea rescue over water.
Combat search and rescue (CSAR) are search and rescue operations that are carried out during war that are within or near combat zones.

Search and rescue dog

cadaver dogsearch dogssearch dog
These include mountain rescue; ground search and rescue, including the use of search and rescue dogs; urban search and rescue in cities; combat search and rescue on the battlefield and air-sea rescue over water.
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.

United States Coast Guard

Coast GuardU.S. Coast GuardUS Coast Guard
United States Coast Guard: "The use of available resources to assist persons or property in potential or actual distress."
Search and rescue

Coast guard

coastguardcoast guardscoastie
The type of agency which carries out maritime search and rescue varies by country; it may variously be the coast guard, navy or voluntary organizations.
The term implies widely different responsibilities in different countries, from being a heavily armed military force with customs and security duties to being a volunteer organization tasked with search and rescue functions and lacking any law enforcement powers.

Mounted search and rescue

mountedMule cacoletposses
A few groups respond on horseback as mounted search and rescue.
Mounted search and rescue (MSAR) is a specialty within search and rescue (SAR), using horses as search partners and for transportation to search for missing persons.

Bush Search and Rescue Victoria

BSARBush Search and Rescue
There are also state-based volunteer search and rescue groups such as the Bushwalkers Wilderness Rescue Squad in New South Wales and Bush Search and Rescue Victoria in Victoria.
Bush Search and Rescue Victoria (BSAR) is a volunteer search and rescue group active in the state of Victoria (Australia) and is affiliated with Bushwalking Victoria.

Westpac Life Saver Rescue Helicopter Service

Westpac Rescue Helicopter ServiceWestpac Life Saver Rescue ServiceWestpac Rescue Helicopter
There are also other organisations, such as the non-profit Westpac Life Saver Rescue Helicopter Service that is based at a number of sites around Australia and contracted by various authorities to deliver search and rescue services.
Founded in 1973 by Surf Life Saving Australia, a not-for-profit organisation, the service has carried out more than 50,000 flights ranging from patient transfers to search and rescue missions.

Canadian Coast Guard

Coast GuardAnn HarveyCanadian
Air and marine Search and rescue duties in Canada are the responsibility of the Canadian Forces and Canadian Coast Guard in conjunction with volunteer organizations.
Formed in 1962, the coast guard is tasked with marine search and rescue, communication, navigation and transportation issues in Canadian waters, such as navigation aids and icebreaking, marine pollution response and providing support for other Canadian government initiatives.

Victoria Police Search and Rescue Squad

Search and Rescue Squad
State Police in many states operate state-based search and rescue squads, such as the Victoria Police Search and Rescue Squad, which provides specialist expertise, advice and practical assistance in land search and rescue on most terrain including snow and vertical cliff search and rescue.
The Search and Rescue Squad is the Search and Rescue group of the Victoria Police that provides specialist expertise, advice and practical assistance in land search and rescue.

Lockheed C-130 Hercules

C-130C-130 HerculesHercules
413 Transport and Rescue Squadron, CFB Greenwood, CH-149 Cormorant & CC-130 Hercules 424 Transport and Rescue Squadron, CFB Trenton, CH-146 Griffon & CC-130 Hercules 435 Transport and Rescue Squadron, CFB Winnipeg, CC-130 Hercules
The versatile airframe has found uses in a variety of other roles, including as a gunship (AC-130), for airborne assault, search and rescue, scientific research support, weather reconnaissance, aerial refueling, maritime patrol, and aerial firefighting.

Bush Search and Rescue NSW

There are also state-based volunteer search and rescue groups such as the Bushwalkers Wilderness Rescue Squad in New South Wales and Bush Search and Rescue Victoria in Victoria.
Bush Search and Rescue New South Wales (BSAR NSW) (previously known as Bushwalkers Wilderness Rescue Squad (BWRS) and Bushwalkers Search and Rescue (B S&R) is a remote area land search and rescue service in New South Wales, Australia established on 27 November 1936.

Rescue coordination centre

rescue coordination centerjoint rescue coordination centerMRCC
SAR operations are organized by Joint Rescue Coordination Centres (JRCC).
A rescue co-ordination centre (RCC) is a primary search and rescue facility in a country that is staffed by supervisory personnel and equipped for co-ordinating and controlling search and rescue operations.

424 Transport and Rescue Squadron

424 SquadronNo. 424 Squadron424
424 Transport and Rescue Squadron, CFB Trenton, CH-146 Griffon & CC-130 Hercules
424 Transport and Rescue Squadron (French: 424 e Escadron de transport et de sauvetage), nicknamed "Tiger Squadron", is a Royal Canadian Air Force strategic transport and search and rescue unit based at Canadian Forces Base (CFB) Trenton in the Canadian province of Ontario.

103 Search and Rescue Squadron

103 Rescue Unit103 Squadron103 Search and Rescue Flight
103 Search and Rescue Squadron, CFB Gander, CH-149 Cormorant
103 Search and Rescue Squadron of the Royal Canadian Air Force is a search and rescue unit based at 9 Wing Gander on the Canadian island of Newfoundland.

435 Transport and Rescue Squadron

435 SquadronNo. 435 Transport and Rescue Squadron435 "Chinthe" Transport & Rescue Squadron
435 Transport and Rescue Squadron, CFB Winnipeg, CC-130 Hercules
435 Transport and Rescue Squadron (French: 435 e Escadron de transport et de sauvetage), nicknamed "Chinthe Squadron", is a Royal Canadian Air Force strategic transport, aerial refueling and search and rescue unit based at Canadian Forces Base (CFB) Winnipeg in the province of Manitoba, Canada.

442 Transport and Rescue Squadron

442442 SquadronNo. 14 Squadron RCAF
442 Transport and Rescue Squadron, CFB Comox, CH-149 Cormorant & CC-115 Buffalo
442 Transport and Rescue Squadron (442 e Escadron de transport et de sauvetage) is a Royal Canadian Air Force tactical transport and search and rescue unit based at Canadian Forces Base (CFB) Comox in the Canadian province of British Columbia.

Malaysia Airlines Flight 370

MH370Flight MH370Flight 370
In early 2014, Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 crashed under mysterious circumstances.
The ARCC is a command post at an Area Control Centre that coordinates search-and-rescue activities when an aircraft is lost.

Westland Sea King

Sea KingSea King helicopterSea Kings
From its Koksijde Air Base it operates 5 Westland Sea King Mk.48 helicopters.
The UK has also planned to retire the HC4 and search and rescue variants in March 2016.

North Shore Rescue

North Shore Rescue, British Columbia.
North Shore Rescue is a non-profit organization dedicated to wilderness search and rescue around Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Emergency Response Team Search and Rescue

ERT Search and Rescue
Emergency Response Team Search and Rescue (ERTSAR) is an INSARAG listed international disaster response NGO search and rescue team, with bases in Henley-on-Thames, United Kingdom and Toronto, Canada.

CFB Gander

RCAF Station Gander9 Wing GanderGander
103 Search and Rescue Squadron, CFB Gander, CH-149 Cormorant
No. 10 Squadron remained until August 1945 and was reinforced at times by No. 5 Squadron and No. 116 Squadron flying Cansos for anti-submarine patrols and search and rescue.

Tropical cyclone

hurricanetropical stormhurricanes
While earthquakes have traditionally been the cause of US&R operations, terrorist attacks and extreme weather such as tornadoes and hurricanes have also resulted in the deployment of these resources.
Activities performed by hurricane responders include assessment, restoration, and demolition of buildings; removal of debris and waste; repairs to land-based and maritime infrastructure; and public health services including search and rescue operations.

Royal Canadian Marine Search and Rescue

RCM-SARRoyal Canadian Marine Search & Rescue (RCM-SAR)
Royal Canadian Marine Search and Rescue (RCM SAR)
Royal Canadian Marine Search and Rescue (RCMSAR) is a volunteer marine rescue service that saves lives and promotes public recreational boating safety throughout the coastal and some inland waters of the province of British Columbia and is associated with the national organization of the Canadian Coast Guard Auxiliary.