Second Battle of Bull Run

Second Battle of Bull Run, fought Augt. 29th 1862, 1860s lithograph by Currier and Ives
Northeastern Virginia (1862)
Second Bull Run Campaign, August 17–30, 1862 (Additional map).
Battlefield of Manassas (right side)
Action at Brawner's Farm, August 28
August 29, 10 a.m.: Sigel's attack
August 29, 12 noon: Longstreet arrives, Porter stalls
August 29, 3 p.m.: Grover's attack
August 29, 5–7 p.m., Kearny's attack, Hood vs. Hatch
Stonewall Jackson's cannons on Henry House Hill
August 30, 3 p.m., Porter's attack
August 30, 4 p.m.: Start of Longstreet's attack
August 30, 4:30 p.m.: Union defense of Chinn Ridge
August 30, 5 p.m.: Final Confederate attacks, beginning of the Union retreat
Bridge crossed by the Union troops retreating to Centreville
Soldiers stand next to a completely destroyed Henry House in 1862
Union troops retreat after the battle
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<center>Soldiers stand next to a completely destroyed Henry House in 1862</center>
<center>Virginia, Bull Run. Ruins of Stone Bridge, 1862</center>
<center>A group of men stand near the Manassas Railroad Junction railroad tracks in 1862 with a train in the background</center>
<center>A group of men near Manassas Railroad Junction in 1862</center>
<center>A group of men near Manassas Railroad Junction in 1862</center>
<center>Men sit near the Manassas Junction railroad in 1862</center>
<center>Picking up debris of trains after Pope's retreat</center>
<center>Bull Run, Va. Dedication of the battle monument; Judge Abram B. Olin of the District of Columbia Supreme Court, who delivered the address, stands by the rail.</center>
Battle map drafted by Sneden, Robert Knox, with notes on Union and Confederate strengths, casualties, done in pen and ink and water color

Fought August 28–30, 1862, in Prince William County, Virginia, as part of the American Civil War.

- Second Battle of Bull Run
Second Battle of Bull Run, fought Augt. 29th 1862, 1860s lithograph by Currier and Ives

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General George Sykes

George Sykes

Career United States Army officer and a Union General during the American Civil War.

Career United States Army officer and a Union General during the American Civil War.

General George Sykes
General Sykes and his staff
Commanders of the Army of the Potomac: Gouverneur K. Warren, William H. French, George G. Meade, Henry J. Hunt, Andrew A. Humphreys and George Sykes in September 1863

During the Civil War, he was appointed commander of the 2nd Division of the V Corps of the Army of the Potomac during the Peninsula Campaign of 1862, and continued in that role through the Second Battle of Bull Run, the Battle of Antietam, the Battle of Fredericksburg, and the Battle of Chancellorsville.

Evander M. Law

Author, teacher, and a Confederate general in the American Civil War.

Author, teacher, and a Confederate general in the American Civil War.

Monument to Law in Bartow

In the Northern Virginia Campaign, at the Second Battle of Bull Run, Law and Hood were used again as the primary assaulting force in Longstreet's surprise attack against the Union left flank, almost destroying Maj. Gen. John Pope's Army of Virginia.

Cadmus M. Wilcox

Career United States Army officer who served in the Mexican–American War and also was a Confederate general during the American Civil War.

Career United States Army officer who served in the Mexican–American War and also was a Confederate general during the American Civil War.

Wilcox as US Army second lieutenant
Attack by Anderson's division, July 2
Wilcox in later life

He led it to Second Bull Run, but was held in reserve and saw no serious action.

David Rumph Jones

Confederate general in the American Civil War.

Confederate general in the American Civil War.

When Magruder departed for the Western Theater in July, Jones got permanent command, leading his troops at Second Battle of Bull Run and the Battle of Antietam, in both cases under Maj. Gen. James Longstreet.

Gouverneur K. Warren

American civil engineer and Union Army general during the American Civil War.

American civil engineer and Union Army general during the American Civil War.

Major General Gouverneur Kemble Warren. From the Liljenquist Family Collection of Civil War Photographs, Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress
Commanders of the Army of the Potomac, Gouverneur K. Warren, William H. French, George G. Meade, Henry J. Hunt, Andrew A. Humphreys and George Sykes in September 1863
Gerhardt's statue of Warren on Little Round Top in Gettysburg

He continued to lead the brigade at the Second Battle of Bull Run, suffering heavy casualties in a heroic stand against an overwhelming enemy assault, and at Antietam, where the V Corps was in reserve and saw no combat.

William Dorsey Pender

General in the Confederacy in the American Civil War serving as a Brigade and Divisional commander.

General in the Confederacy in the American Civil War serving as a Brigade and Divisional commander.

He was wounded in the arm at the Battle of Glendale, but recovered quickly enough to rejoin his brigade and fight at Cedar Mountain, Second Manassas (where he received a minor head wound from an exploding shell), Harpers Ferry, and Battle of Sharpsburg.

Abner Doubleday

Career United States Army officer and Union major general in the American Civil War.

Career United States Army officer and Union major general in the American Civil War.

Doubleday photo displayed at Fort Sumter National Monument in Charleston harbor
Fort Sumter Medal bearing the likeness of Major Robert Anderson which was presented to Abner Doubleday
Birthplace in Ballston Spa
Doubleday and his wife, Mary
Doubleday's tombstone in Arlington National Cemetery
Abner Doubleday monument in Ballston Spa

In the actions at Brawner's farm, just before the Second Battle of Bull Run, he took the initiative to send two of his regiments to reinforce Brigadier General John Gibbon's brigade against a larger Confederate force, fighting it to a standstill.

Roger Atkinson Pryor

Virginian newspaper editor and politician who became known for his fiery oratory in favor of secession; he was elected both to national and Confederate office, and served as a general for the Confederate Army during the American Civil War.

Virginian newspaper editor and politician who became known for his fiery oratory in favor of secession; he was elected both to national and Confederate office, and served as a general for the Confederate Army during the American Civil War.

Pryor in his younger years.
Pryor looking at a portrait of Abraham Lincoln.

His brigade fought in the Peninsula Campaign and at Second Manassas, where it became detached in the swirling fighting and temporarily operated under Stonewall Jackson.

James L. Kemper

Lawyer, a Confederate general in the American Civil War, and the 37th Governor of Virginia.

Lawyer, a Confederate general in the American Civil War, and the 37th Governor of Virginia.

At the Second Battle of Bull Run, Kemper's division took part in Longstreet's surprise attack against the Union left flank, almost destroying Major General John Pope's Army of Virginia.

Daniel Butterfield

Daniel Butterfield

New York businessman, a Union General in the American Civil War, and Assistant U.S. Treasurer.

New York businessman, a Union General in the American Civil War, and Assistant U.S. Treasurer.

Daniel Butterfield
Union General Daniel Butterfield
Medal of Honor(1896 version)

Butterfield continued in brigade command at the Second Battle of Bull Run and the Battle of Antietam, became division commander and then V Corps commander for the Battle of Fredericksburg.