A report on Second Battle of Bull Run

Second Battle of Bull Run, fought Augt. 29th 1862, 1860s lithograph by Currier and Ives
Northeastern Virginia (1862)
Second Bull Run Campaign, August 17–30, 1862 (Additional map).
Battlefield of Manassas (right side)
Action at Brawner's Farm, August 28
August 29, 10 a.m.: Sigel's attack
August 29, 12 noon: Longstreet arrives, Porter stalls
August 29, 3 p.m.: Grover's attack
August 29, 5–7 p.m., Kearny's attack, Hood vs. Hatch
Stonewall Jackson's cannons on Henry House Hill
August 30, 3 p.m., Porter's attack
August 30, 4 p.m.: Start of Longstreet's attack
August 30, 4:30 p.m.: Union defense of Chinn Ridge
August 30, 5 p.m.: Final Confederate attacks, beginning of the Union retreat
Bridge crossed by the Union troops retreating to Centreville
Soldiers stand next to a completely destroyed Henry House in 1862
Union troops retreat after the battle
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<center>Soldiers stand next to a completely destroyed Henry House in 1862</center>
<center>Virginia, Bull Run. Ruins of Stone Bridge, 1862</center>
<center>A group of men stand near the Manassas Railroad Junction railroad tracks in 1862 with a train in the background</center>
<center>A group of men near Manassas Railroad Junction in 1862</center>
<center>A group of men near Manassas Railroad Junction in 1862</center>
<center>Men sit near the Manassas Junction railroad in 1862</center>
<center>Picking up debris of trains after Pope's retreat</center>
<center>Bull Run, Va. Dedication of the battle monument; Judge Abram B. Olin of the District of Columbia Supreme Court, who delivered the address, stands by the rail.</center>
Battle map drafted by Sneden, Robert Knox, with notes on Union and Confederate strengths, casualties, done in pen and ink and water color
Northern Virginia Campaign, August 7–28, 1862 Confederate
Union

Fought August 28–30, 1862, in Prince William County, Virginia, as part of the American Civil War.

- Second Battle of Bull Run
Second Battle of Bull Run, fought Augt. 29th 1862, 1860s lithograph by Currier and Ives

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Schurz photographed by Mathew Brady, c. 1877

Carl Schurz

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German revolutionary and an American statesman, journalist, and reformer.

German revolutionary and an American statesman, journalist, and reformer.

Schurz photographed by Mathew Brady, c. 1877
Carl Schurz as a young man
Carl Schurz, [ca. 1859–1870]. Carte de Visite Collection, Boston Public Library.
"For freedom in Germany and America": West German commemorative stamp featuring Schurz for the United States Bicentennial, 1976
Carl Schurz as Major General of Volunteers during the Civil War.
Carl Schurz, [ca. 1859–1870]. Carte de Visite Collection, Boston Public Library.
Carl Schurz is Don Quixote in this cartoon by Thomas Nast from Harper's Weekly of April 6, 1872
Carl Schurz and James Blaine in a Puck political cartoon of c. 1878 by J. Keppler
Delegation of Ute Indians in Washington, D.C. in 1880. Background: Woretsiz and general Charles Adams (Colorado Indian agent) are standing. Front from left to right: Chief Ignatio of the Southern Utes; Carl Schurz US Secretary of the Interior; Chief Ouray and his wife Chipeta.
When a statuary tribute to German poet Heinrich Heine was resisted because of anti-Semitic opponents in Germany, Schurz's activism aided in its relocation across the Atlantic to New York.
Schurz monument in New York City
Carl Schurz Park, Upper East Side Manhattan, New York City
Carl Schurz grave, Sleepy Hollow, N.Y.
Schurz and other anti-Grant "conspirators" – March 16, 1872
French Arms investigation – May 11, 1872
Schurz and his victims – September 7, 1872
Schurz is depicted as a carpetbagger - November 9, 1872.
Schurz leaves the U.S. Senate – March 20, 1875
Schurz reforms the Indian Bureau – January 26, 1878
Schurz counsels a wounded settler – December 28, 1878
Schurz and Wilhelm II – July 14, 1900
Schurz and Emilio Aguinaldo – August 9, 1902
- February 26, 1881

In June, he took command of a division, first under John C. Frémont, and then in Franz Sigel's corps, with which he took part in the Second Battle of Bull Run in August 1862.

Halleck in uniform, c. 1865

Henry Halleck

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Senior United States Army officer, scholar, and lawyer.

Senior United States Army officer, scholar, and lawyer.

Halleck in uniform, c. 1865
Elizabeth Hamilton
Gen. Halleck in The champions of the Union, lithograph by Currier & Ives, 1861
General Henry Wager Halleck
Halleck (standing, fifth from left) was present at the death of Abraham Lincoln
Burial site at Green-Wood Cemetery in Brooklyn, New York

A telling example of his lack of control was during the Northern Virginia Campaign of 1862, when Halleck was unable to motivate McClellan to reinforce Pope in a timely manner, contributing to the Union defeat at the Second Battle of Bull Run.

Robert H. Milroy during the war

Robert H. Milroy

1 links

Lawyer, judge, and a Union Army general in the American Civil War, most noted for his defeat at the Second Battle of Winchester in 1863.

Lawyer, judge, and a Union Army general in the American Civil War, most noted for his defeat at the Second Battle of Winchester in 1863.

Robert H. Milroy during the war
Major General Robert Milroy

Milroy commanded another brigade in Maj. Gen. John Pope's Army of Virginia for the Second Battle of Bull Run.

Adolph von Steinwehr

Adolph von Steinwehr

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German-Brunswick army officer who emigrated to the United States, became a geographer, cartographer, and author, and served as a Union general in the American Civil War.

German-Brunswick army officer who emigrated to the United States, became a geographer, cartographer, and author, and served as a Union general in the American Civil War.

Adolph von Steinwehr

It was assigned to the Army of Virginia, under Maj. Gen. John Pope, and participated in the Northern Virginia Campaign, but had little role in the Second Battle of Bull Run.

Gouverneur K. Warren

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American civil engineer and Union Army general during the American Civil War.

American civil engineer and Union Army general during the American Civil War.

Major General Gouverneur Kemble Warren. From the Liljenquist Family Collection of Civil War Photographs, Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress
Commanders of the Army of the Potomac, Gouverneur K. Warren, William H. French, George G. Meade, Henry J. Hunt, Andrew A. Humphreys and George Sykes in September 1863
Gerhardt's statue of Warren on Little Round Top in Gettysburg

He continued to lead the brigade at the Second Battle of Bull Run, suffering heavy casualties in a heroic stand against an overwhelming enemy assault, and at Antietam, where the V Corps was in reserve and saw no combat.

Flag of Wisconsin

6th Wisconsin Infantry Regiment

2 links

Infantry regiment that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War.

Infantry regiment that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War.

Flag of Wisconsin
6th Wisconsin attacking at Turner's Gap, 1862.
Edward S. Bragg after promotion to Brigadier General
Rufus Dawes
John A. Kellogg
John J. Jenkins
Benjamin J. Sweet

It saw severe fighting in the 1862 Northern Virginia Campaign, fighting at Brawner's Farm during the early part of the Second Battle of Bull Run.

George T. Anderson

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General in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War.

General in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War.

He saw battle during the Peninsula Campaign at Yorktown and commanded a brigade during the Seven Days Battles, Second Bull Run, Fox's Gap, Antietam, and Fredericksburg.

Orange and Alexandria Railroad

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Railroad in Virginia, United States.

Railroad in Virginia, United States.

The Wilkes Street Tunnel near the railroad's former eastern terminus is now a pedestrian tunnel.
1861 barricades on Alexandria's Duke Street, erected to protect the Orange and Alexandria Railroad from Confederate cavalry
Repairing damage after a Confederate cavalry raid
Union Mills Station
The O&A depot and roundhouse in Alexandria were located in today's Carlyle/Eisenhower East area
The locomotive, "General Haupt" is being used for work detail. Standing on the bank is USMRR Supt for the O & A railroad, John Henry Devereux. He and his "boss" Herman Haupt are often confused. Devereux is slightly more portly than the very slim Haupt. Haupt USUALLY wore his BG uniform. This image is of work being done on a "Y" on the O & A. Possibly close to Devereux Station in 1863
Orange & Alexandria Railroad Bridge over Bull Run (ca. 1863)

Confederate Maj. Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson attacked it in the Battle of Manassas Station Operations to draw the Union into the 1862 Second Battle of Bull Run.

David B. Birney

David B. Birney

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Businessman, lawyer, and a Union general in the American Civil War.

Businessman, lawyer, and a Union general in the American Civil War.

David B. Birney
Birney (center standing), with his II corps commander Hancock and fellow division commanders Barlow and Gibbon during the Wilderness campaign
David B. Birney grave at the Woodlands Cemetery

He fought at the Second Battle of Bull Run in support of Maj. Gen. John Pope's Army of Virginia, and at the Battle of Chantilly immediately following.

Flag of Wisconsin

7th Wisconsin Infantry Regiment

1 links

Infantry regiment that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War.

Infantry regiment that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War.

Flag of Wisconsin
Colonel William W. Robinson
1st Lieutenant Hollon Richardson circa 1862
Private Julian C. Lewis of Company B, 7th Regiment - killed in action at the Second Battle of Bull Run

The regiment saw its first action at Second Bull Run, followed by the Maryland Campaign which produced severe casualties.