Second encirclement campaign against the Jiangxi Soviet

Second Encirclement Campaign against Jiangxi SovietSecond encirclement campaignsecondsecond encirclements
The second encirclement campaign against Jiangxi Soviet was a series of battles launched by the Chinese Nationalist Government in the hope of encircling and destroying the Jiangxi Soviet after the previous campaign had failed.wikipedia
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Jiangxi–Fujian Soviet

Jiangxi SovietJiangxi-Fujian SovietChinese Soviet Republic
The second encirclement campaign against Jiangxi Soviet was a series of battles launched by the Chinese Nationalist Government in the hope of encircling and destroying the Jiangxi Soviet after the previous campaign had failed. The Red Army repelled the encirclement by launching their second counter-encirclement campaign, also called by the communists as the second counter-encirclement campaign at Central Revolutionary Base, in which the local Chinese Red Army successfully defended the Jiangxi Soviet against the Nationalist attacks from April 1, 1931, to May 31, 1931. Wang Ming's protégé Xiang Ying had reached the Jiangxi Soviet after the third planetary session of the sixth national conference of the Communist Party of China, and on January 15, 1931, the communist Jiangxi Soviet (Communist) Central Bureau for political administration and the Central Military Commission were formed. On March 23, 1931, communist forces withdrew to regions including Eternal Abundance, (Yongfeng, 永丰), Yue'an,, Yihuang and Nanfeng, at the northern border of the Jiangxi Soviet to regions in the south, including Guangchang, Shicheng, Ningdu and Ruijin.
While the first, second and third military encirclements were defeated by the First Front Red Army, they suffered massive losses: the Red Army was nearly halved, with most its equipment lost during Chiang and von Seeckt's Fifth Encirclement Campaign, utilizing fortified blockhouses.

Chinese Red Army

Chinese Workers' and Peasants' Red ArmyRed ArmyFirst Red Army
The Red Army repelled the encirclement by launching their second counter-encirclement campaign, also called by the communists as the second counter-encirclement campaign at Central Revolutionary Base, in which the local Chinese Red Army successfully defended the Jiangxi Soviet against the Nationalist attacks from April 1, 1931, to May 31, 1931.

Mao Zedong

MaoMao Tse-tungChairman Mao
With the support of most commanders, Mao Zedong opposed both impractical strategies developed by the newly arrived protégés of Wang Ming.
In doing so, the Red Army successfully defeated the first and second encirclements.

Third encirclement campaign against the Jiangxi Soviet

Third Encirclement Campaign against Jiangxi SovietThird encirclement campaignthird
Merely three weeks after the defeat of the second encirclement campaign, Chiang Kai-shek reached Nanchang on June 21, 1931 with his foreign military advisory delegations including military advisors from Great Britain, Germany and Japan.

He Yingqin

He YingqingHo Ying-chinYing-chin Ho
In February 1931, Chiang Kai-shek named He Yingqing the acting commander-in-chief and deployed nineteen divisions totaling over 200,000 troops for the second encirclement.
In 1931, He was appointed as commander to lead Second Encirclement Campaign against Jiangxi Soviet, but his troops suffered great losses, which was the beginning of the end of his reputation as a skillful commander.

Nationalist government

Nationalist ChinagovernmentNational Government of the Republic of China
The second encirclement campaign against Jiangxi Soviet was a series of battles launched by the Chinese Nationalist Government in the hope of encircling and destroying the Jiangxi Soviet after the previous campaign had failed.

Kuomintang

KMTNationalistnationalists
The Red Army repelled the encirclement by launching their second counter-encirclement campaign, also called by the communists as the second counter-encirclement campaign at Central Revolutionary Base, in which the local Chinese Red Army successfully defended the Jiangxi Soviet against the Nationalist attacks from April 1, 1931, to May 31, 1931.

Chiang Kai-shek

Chiang Kai ShekJiang JieshiChiang Kaishek
In February 1931, Chiang Kai-shek named He Yingqing the acting commander-in-chief and deployed nineteen divisions totaling over 200,000 troops for the second encirclement.

Wang Ming

Wang Ming Leftist LineWang Ming”
With the support of most commanders, Mao Zedong opposed both impractical strategies developed by the newly arrived protégés of Wang Ming. Wang Ming's protégé Xiang Ying had reached the Jiangxi Soviet after the third planetary session of the sixth national conference of the Communist Party of China, and on January 15, 1931, the communist Jiangxi Soviet (Communist) Central Bureau for political administration and the Central Military Commission were formed.

Xiang Ying

Wang Ming's protégé Xiang Ying had reached the Jiangxi Soviet after the third planetary session of the sixth national conference of the Communist Party of China, and on January 15, 1931, the communist Jiangxi Soviet (Communist) Central Bureau for political administration and the Central Military Commission were formed.

Communist Party of China

Communist PartyCPCCommunist
Wang Ming's protégé Xiang Ying had reached the Jiangxi Soviet after the third planetary session of the sixth national conference of the Communist Party of China, and on January 15, 1931, the communist Jiangxi Soviet (Communist) Central Bureau for political administration and the Central Military Commission were formed.

Gan River

GanGan River (Jiangxi)Ganjiang River
In the meantime, if the communists were to strike westward from the east, the Gan River would be a limit.

Fujian

Fujian ProvinceFukienHokkien
If the communists were to strike eastward from Rich Field (Futian, 富田) in the west, then not only there would not be any geographic limits, but regions in the border of Fujian and Jiangxi including Lichuan, Taining,, Jianning, would likely to fall into communist hands more easily, resulting in expanding the communist base.

Jiangxi

Jiangxi ProvinceKiangsiJiangsi
If the communists were to strike eastward from Rich Field (Futian, 富田) in the west, then not only there would not be any geographic limits, but regions in the border of Fujian and Jiangxi including Lichuan, Taining,, Jianning, would likely to fall into communist hands more easily, resulting in expanding the communist base.

Nanfeng County

NanfengNanfeng Co.
On March 23, 1931, communist forces withdrew to regions including Eternal Abundance, (Yongfeng, 永丰), Yue'an,, Yihuang and Nanfeng, at the northern border of the Jiangxi Soviet to regions in the south, including Guangchang, Shicheng, Ningdu and Ruijin.

Shicheng County

ShichengShicheng Co.
On March 23, 1931, communist forces withdrew to regions including Eternal Abundance, (Yongfeng, 永丰), Yue'an,, Yihuang and Nanfeng, at the northern border of the Jiangxi Soviet to regions in the south, including Guangchang, Shicheng, Ningdu and Ruijin.

Ningdu County

NingduNingdu Co.
On March 23, 1931, communist forces withdrew to regions including Eternal Abundance, (Yongfeng, 永丰), Yue'an,, Yihuang and Nanfeng, at the northern border of the Jiangxi Soviet to regions in the south, including Guangchang, Shicheng, Ningdu and Ruijin.

Ruijin

2016 Ruijin sinkholeCradle of the People's Republic of China
On March 23, 1931, communist forces withdrew to regions including Eternal Abundance, (Yongfeng, 永丰), Yue'an,, Yihuang and Nanfeng, at the northern border of the Jiangxi Soviet to regions in the south, including Guangchang, Shicheng, Ningdu and Ruijin.