Secondary education

secondarysecondary schoolhighhigh schoolsecondary schoolssecondary schoolingsecondary levelsenior secondarysecondary school educationgeneral education
Secondary education covers two phases on the International Standard Classification of Education scale.wikipedia
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Tertiary education

post-secondarypost-secondary educationtertiary
Level 2 or lower secondary education (less common junior secondary education) is considered the second and final phase of basic education, and level 3 (upper) secondary education is the stage before tertiary education.
Tertiary education, also referred to as third-level, third-stage or postsecondary education, is the educational level following the completion of a school providing a secondary education.

Higher education

higher learninghigherHigher Education Institution
Secondary education typically takes place after six years of primary education and is followed by higher education, vocational education or employment.
Higher education, also called post-secondary education, third-level or tertiary education, is an optional final stage of formal learning that occurs after completion of secondary education.

Basic education

pre-universitybasicbasic academic
Level 2 or lower secondary education (less common junior secondary education) is considered the second and final phase of basic education, and level 3 (upper) secondary education is the stage before tertiary education.
According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED), basic education comprises the two stages primary education and lower secondary education.

Academy

academicacademiaacademics
Secondary schools may also be called academies, colleges, gymnasiums, high schools, lyceums, middle schools, preparatory schools, sixth-form colleges, upper schools, or vocational schools, among other names.
An academy (Attic Greek: Ἀκαδήμεια; Koine Greek Ἀκαδημία) is an institution of secondary education, higher learning, research, or honorary membership.

Gymnasium (school)

gymnasiumgymnasiumsgymnasia
Secondary schools may also be called academies, colleges, gymnasiums, high schools, lyceums, middle schools, preparatory schools, sixth-form colleges, upper schools, or vocational schools, among other names.
A gymnasium is a type of school with a strong emphasis on academic learning, and providing advanced secondary education in some parts of Europe comparable to British grammar schools, sixth form colleges and US preparatory high schools.

Vocational school

trade schoolvocationalcareer college
Secondary schools may also be called academies, colleges, gymnasiums, high schools, lyceums, middle schools, preparatory schools, sixth-form colleges, upper schools, or vocational schools, among other names.
A vocational school is a type of educational institution, which, depending on the country, may refer to either secondary or post-secondary education designed to provide vocational education, or technical skills required to perform the tasks of a particular and specific job.

Upper school

high schoolUpperhigh
Secondary schools may also be called academies, colleges, gymnasiums, high schools, lyceums, middle schools, preparatory schools, sixth-form colleges, upper schools, or vocational schools, among other names.
Upper schools in the UK are usually schools within secondary education.

Middle school

junior high schoolmiddlejunior high
Secondary schools may also be called academies, colleges, gymnasiums, high schools, lyceums, middle schools, preparatory schools, sixth-form colleges, upper schools, or vocational schools, among other names.
Middle school is the transitional period from primary education to secondary education (high school) where children are transitioned from having very generalized subjects and a main teacher for most of them with only a handful of other teachers for specialized subjects like English, music and gym to a more serious curriculum with a course load that better mirrors high school.

College

collegescollegiateacademic unit
Secondary schools may also be called academies, colleges, gymnasiums, high schools, lyceums, middle schools, preparatory schools, sixth-form colleges, upper schools, or vocational schools, among other names.
Presently in Portugal, the term colégio (college) is normally used as a generic reference to a private (non-government) school that provides from basic to secondary education.

Primary education

primaryelementary educationelementary
Secondary education typically takes place after six years of primary education and is followed by higher education, vocational education or employment.

Lyceum

liceumLyzeumclassical lyceum
Secondary schools may also be called academies, colleges, gymnasiums, high schools, lyceums, middle schools, preparatory schools, sixth-form colleges, upper schools, or vocational schools, among other names.
After several education reforms, all these schools merged into a single system of "3rd cycle basic" and secondary schools (Portuguese: escolas básicas do 3.º ciclo e secundárias), offering grades 7 to 12.

Vocational education

vocational trainingvocationalVocational Education and Training
Secondary education typically takes place after six years of primary education and is followed by higher education, vocational education or employment.
In Paraguay, vocational education is known as Bachillerato Técnico and is part of the secondary education system.

Endowed Schools Act 1869

Taunton CommissionEndowed SchoolEndowed School Act
The Taunton Commission looked at the 782 endowed grammar schools (private and public).
The commission proposed the creation of a national system of secondary education by restructuring the endowments of these schools for modern purposes.

Elementary school (England and Wales)

elementary schoolPublic Elementary Schoolelementary schools
The new Local Education Authorities (LEA)s that were formed from the school boards; started to open Higher Grade Elementary Schools (ISCED Level2) or county schools to supplement the endowed grammar schools.
Education was restructured into three progressive stages which were known as primary education, secondary education and further education.

Compulsory education

compulsorycompulsory schoolingmass education
Like primary education, in most countries secondary education is compulsory, at least until the age of 16.

Convention on the Rights of the Child

United Nations Convention on the Rights of the ChildUN Convention on the Rights of the ChildCRC
Since 1989, education has been seen as a basic human right for a child; Article 28, of the Convention on the Rights of the Child states that primary education should be free and compulsory while different forms of secondary education, including general and vocational education, should be available and accessible to every child.

Reformation

Protestant Reformationthe ReformationProtestant
With the Reformation the state wrestled the control of learning from the church, and with Comenius and John Locke education changed from being repetition of Latin text to building up knowledge in the child.

John Amos Comenius

ComeniusJan Amos KomenskýJan Amos Comenius
With the Reformation the state wrestled the control of learning from the church, and with Comenius and John Locke education changed from being repetition of Latin text to building up knowledge in the child.

John Locke

LockeLockeanJ Locke
With the Reformation the state wrestled the control of learning from the church, and with Comenius and John Locke education changed from being repetition of Latin text to building up knowledge in the child.

High school (North America)

High Schoolhigh schoolsSecondary
Secondary schools may also be called academies, colleges, gymnasiums, high schools, lyceums, middle schools, preparatory schools, sixth-form colleges, upper schools, or vocational schools, among other names.

College-preparatory school

college preparatorypreparatory schoolcollege preparatory school
Secondary schools may also be called academies, colleges, gymnasiums, high schools, lyceums, middle schools, preparatory schools, sixth-form colleges, upper schools, or vocational schools, among other names.

Sixth form college

sixth-form collegesixth formsixth form colleges
Secondary schools may also be called academies, colleges, gymnasiums, high schools, lyceums, middle schools, preparatory schools, sixth-form colleges, upper schools, or vocational schools, among other names.

History of writing

writinginvention of writingProto-writing
A form of education for adolescents became necessary in all societies that had an alphabet and engaged in commerce.

Education in ancient Greece

educationGreek educationancient Greece
In Western Europe, formal secondary education can be traced back to the Athenian educational reforms of 320BC.

Christianity

ChristianChristiansChristian faith
When Augustine of Canterbury brought Christianity there in 597, no schools existed.