Secondary education

GCED for the rule of law learning outcomes at the secondary level

Secondary education or post-primary education covers two phases on the International Standard Classification of Education scale.

- Secondary education

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Primary education

Typically the first stage of formal education, coming after preschool/kindergarten and before secondary school.

School children in primary education, Chile
Total net enrollment rate in primary education, 2015
A poster at the United Nations Headquarters in New York City, New York, United States, showing the Millennium Development Goals
Global citizenship education for the rule of law learning outcomes at the primary level

Education was restructured into three progressive stages, which were known as primary education, secondary education and further education.

Tertiary education

Students attend a lecture at a tertiary institution: Helsinki University of Technology
Percentage of 25-29-year-olds who have completed at least four years of tertiary education, by wealth, selected countries, 2008-2014
Deakin University, one of Australia's 43 universities
The University of Pennsylvania, an American research university
Federal Polytechnic, Nekede in Owerri, Nigeria.

Tertiary education, also referred to as third-level, third-stage or post-secondary education, is the educational level following the completion of secondary education.


Educational institution or a constituent part of one.

Corpus Christi College, one of the constituent colleges of the University of Cambridge in England.
Williams College in Williamstown, Massachusetts, one of the oldest liberal arts colleges in the United States.
Seinäjoki College in Seinäjoki, South Ostrobothnia, Finland, in May 2018.
The "red siminar", a college building pictured in the coat of arms of Nuuk, the capital city of Greenland
King's College London, established by a Royal Charter in 1829, is one of the founding colleges of the University of London.
Scotch College, Melbourne, an independent secondary school in Australia.
St John's College, Johannesburg, a boys' school in South Africa.
Royal College Colombo, a boys' school located in Colombo, Sri Lanka.
The Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee is the oldest technical institution in Asia.
Parliament Square, Trinity College Dublin in Ireland.
ORT Braude College of Engineering
The University of Otago in New Zealand.
Birkbeck, University of London
City College of New York
Saint Anselm College
Bowdoin College
Pomona College
Scripps College
Agnes Scott College
SUNY Purchase College

Colleges in countries such as France, Belgium, and Switzerland provide secondary education.

Upper school

GCED for the rule of law learning outcomes at the secondary level

Upper schools in the UK are usually schools within secondary education.


Category of educational institution defined within the education system of many countries, mainly in Europe.

Kotka Lyceum in Kotka, Finland
Mädchenschule (Lyzeum) in Wittenberg
Building of top ranked lyceum in Poland - ILO in Tomaszow Mazowiecki

The lyceum awarded Απολυτήριο, "Apolytirio" or "Apolyterio", which is the upper secondary education leaving Certificate.

Higher education

Tertiary education leading to award of an academic degree.

Harvard University, an Ivy League university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, routinely ranks as the best, or one of the best, institutions of higher learning in the world.
Deakin University, one of Australia's 43 universities
Mean financial wealth of US families by education of the head of household, 1989-2010
Mean income of US families by education of the head of household, 1989-2010
Courtyard, Al-Qarawiyyin University, Fes, Morocco
University of Bologna, located in Bologna, Italy, is the oldest university created under that name in the world.<ref>Top Universities World University Rankings Retrieved 2010-1-6</ref><ref>Our History - Università di Bologna</ref><ref>{{cite book |url = |title = The Challenge of Bologna |author= Paul L. Gaston |year=2010|page=18|isbn=978-1-57922-366-3 }}</ref>
Colegio de Santa Cruz de Tlatelolco, located in Mexico City, Mexico, was the first and oldest European school of higher learning in the Americas<ref>{{cite book|url=|title=The first college in America: Santa Cruz de Tlatelolco.|location=Washington DC|year=1936|author1=Steck|author2=Francis Borgia}}</ref> and the first and oldest major school of interpreters and translators in the New World.<ref>{{cite book|url=|title=The Imperial College of Santa Cruz de Tlatelolco|author=Lourdes Arencibia Rodriguez}}</ref>
The University of Pennsylvania considers itself the first institution in the United States of America to use the term "university" in its name.
The University of Cambridge is an institution of higher learning in Cambridge, United Kingdom.
McGill University is an institution of higher learning in Montreal, Quebec, Canada and one of two Canadian members of the Association of American Universities.
The Moscow State University is an institution of higher learning in Moscow, Russia.
The Jeffersonian architecture of Tsinghua University, an institution of higher learning in Beijing, China.
The University of Tokyo is an institution of higher learning in Tokyo, Japan.
The University of São Paulo is an institution of higher learning in São Paulo, Brazil.

Higher education, also called post-secondary education, third-level or tertiary education, is an optional final stage of formal learning that occurs after completion of secondary education.

Basic education

Young children in a kindergarten in Japan

According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED), basic education comprises the two stages primary education and lower secondary education.

Vocational education

Education that prepares people to work as a technician or to take up employment in a skilled craft or trade as a tradesperson or artisan.

The John F. Ross Collegiate Vocational Institute is an institution of vocational learning in Guelph, Ontario, Canada, considered one of the first in the country.
OAC Vocational Education, 1922 (5857905487)

In Paraguay, vocational education is known as Bachillerato Técnico and is part of the secondary education system.


The School of Athens, fresco by Raphael (1509–1510), of an idealized academy
Nalanda, ancient center of higher learning in Bihar, India from 427 to 1197
The modern Academy of Athens, next to the University of Athens and the National Library forming 'the Trilogy', designed by Schinkel's Danish pupil Theofil Hansen, 1885, in Greek Ionic, academically correct even to the polychrome sculpture.
Åbo Akademi, an academy building designed by Charles Bassi, was built on 1833 in Turku, Finland.
A map outlining the academies overseeing education in France.
Professors and newly conferred doctors of philosophy posing at a Worcester Polytechnic Institute graduation.

An academy (Attic Greek: Ἀκαδήμεια; Koine Greek Ἀκαδημία) is an institution of secondary or tertiary higher learning, research, or honorary membership.

Middle school

Educational stage which exists in some countries, providing education between primary school and secondary school.

Students of Nan Hua High School, a secondary school in Singapore, in the school hall
Indianola Junior High School in Columbus, Ohio, the first middle school in the U.S.

Middle school is the transitional period from primary education to secondary education (high school) where children are transitioned from having very generalized subjects and a main teacher for most of them with only a handful of other teachers for specialized subjects like English, music and gym to a more serious curriculum with a course load that better mirrors high school.