Secondary education in the United States

high schoolUnited Statessecondary schoolsecondary educationsecondaryhigh schoolspublic high schoolsecondary schools9-12American high school
Secondary education in the United States is the last seven years of statutory formal education [[sixth grade|]] through [[Twelfth grade|]].wikipedia
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Education in the United States

9 to 12United Stateseducation
Secondary education in the United States is the last seven years of statutory formal education [[sixth grade|]] through [[Twelfth grade|]].
In most schools, compulsory education is divided into three levels: elementary school, middle or junior high school, and high school.

Committee of Ten

In 1892, in response to many competing academic philosophies being promoted at the time, a working group of educators, known as the "Committee of Ten" was established by the National Education Association.
The Committee of Ten was a working group of educators that, in 1892, recommended the standardization of American high school curriculum.

Charter schools in the United States

charter schoolcharter schoolscharter
Pressure to allow people and organizations to create new Charter schools developed during the 1980s and were embraced by the American Federation of Teachers in 1988.
Charter schools in the United States are primary or secondary education institutions that do not charge fees to pupils who take state-mandated exams.

Elementary school (United States)

elementary schoolelementaryelementary schools
Some states have middle schools which is part of secondary education and between elementary school and high school encompassing grades from 6 to 9, while others have no middle school and instead combined mixed high schools.
An elementary school is the main point of delivery of primary education in the United States, for children between the ages of 4–11 and coming between pre-kindergarten and secondary education.

High school diploma

diplomaRegents DiplomaAmerican Diploma
Graduation from high school leads to the awarding of the high school diploma.

Sixth grade

66th gradeGrade 6
Secondary education in the United States is the last seven years of statutory formal education [[sixth grade|]] through [[Twelfth grade|]].

Twelfth grade

12senior12th
Secondary education in the United States is the last seven years of statutory formal education [[sixth grade|]] through [[Twelfth grade|]].

International Standard Classification of Education

ISCEDISCED Level 22011 version
The first is the ISCED lower secondary phase; a junior high school or middle school for students through.

High school (North America)

High Schoolhigh schoolsSecondary
The second is the ISCED upper secondary phase; the High School from until.

United States

AmericanU.S.USA
The United States historically had a demand for general skills rather than specific training/apprenticeships.

National Education Association

NEANational Educational AssociationIllinois Education Association
In 1892, in response to many competing academic philosophies being promoted at the time, a working group of educators, known as the "Committee of Ten" was established by the National Education Association.

American Civil War

Civil WarU.S. Civil WarUnited States Civil War
The first public secondary schools started around the 1830s and 40's within the wealthier areas of similar income levels and greatly expanded after the American Civil War into the 1890s.

High school movement

Between 1910 and 1940 the "high school movement" resulted in rapidly increasing founding of public high schools in many cities and towns and later with further expansions in each locality with the establishment of neighborhood, district, or community high schools in the larger cities which may have had one or two schools since the 19th Century.

Comprehensive high school

comprehensiveComprehensive Public High SchoolHigh School
By mid-century, comprehensive high schools became common, which were designed to give a free education to any student who chose to stay in school for 12 years to get a diploma with a minimal grade point average.

Brown v. Board of Education

Brown vs. Board of EducationBrown v. Board of Education of TopekaBrown v. Board
In 1954 the Supreme Court case Brown v. Board of Education made desegregation of elementary and high schools mandatory, although private Christian schools expanded rapidly following this ruling to accommodate white families attempting to avoid desegregation.

Dropping out

dropped outdropoutdrop out
The goal became to minimize the number who exited at the mandatory attendance age, which varies by state between 14 and 18 years of age, and become considered to be dropouts, at risk of economic failure.

Elementary and Secondary Education Act

Title IElementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965Title 1
In 1965 the far-reaching Elementary and Secondary Education Act ('ESEA'), passed as a part of President Lyndon B. Johnson's "War on Poverty", provided funds for primary and secondary education ('Title I funding') while explicitly forbidding the establishment of a national curriculum.

Lyndon B. Johnson

Lyndon JohnsonJohnsonLyndon Baines Johnson
In 1965 the far-reaching Elementary and Secondary Education Act ('ESEA'), passed as a part of President Lyndon B. Johnson's "War on Poverty", provided funds for primary and secondary education ('Title I funding') while explicitly forbidding the establishment of a national curriculum.

War on poverty

1964 State of the Union AddressAnti-Poverty ProgramCriticism of The War on Poverty
In 1965 the far-reaching Elementary and Secondary Education Act ('ESEA'), passed as a part of President Lyndon B. Johnson's "War on Poverty", provided funds for primary and secondary education ('Title I funding') while explicitly forbidding the establishment of a national curriculum.

National curriculum

English National CurriculumBritish CurriculumBritish National Curriculum
In 1965 the far-reaching Elementary and Secondary Education Act ('ESEA'), passed as a part of President Lyndon B. Johnson's "War on Poverty", provided funds for primary and secondary education ('Title I funding') while explicitly forbidding the establishment of a national curriculum.

Exit examination

high school graduation examinationHigh school graduation examination in the United StatesExit
Under the education reform movement started in the early 1990s by many state legislatures and the federal government, about two-thirds of the nation's public high school students are required to pass a graduation exam, usually at the 10th and higher grade levels, though no new states had adopted a new requirement in 2006.

American Federation of Teachers

AFTIllinois Federation of TeachersThe American Federation of Teachers
Pressure to allow people and organizations to create new Charter schools developed during the 1980s and were embraced by the American Federation of Teachers in 1988.

Minnesota

MNState of MinnesotaMinnesota, USA
Minnesota was the first state to pass a charter school law in 1991.