Secretary to the President of the United States
private secretarypersonal secretaryAppointments SecretaryPersonal Secretary to the PresidentWhite House Appointments SecretarySecretary to the Presidentsecretarypresidential secretaryPrivate Secretary to the Presidenthis personal secretary
The Secretary to the President (sometimes dubbed the president's Private Secretary or Personal Secretary) was a former 19th and early 20th century White House position that carried out all the tasks now spread throughout the modern White House Office.wikipedia
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Chief of StaffChief of Staff to the PresidentWhite House Chiefs of Staff
In terms of rank it is a precursor to the modern White House Chief of Staff.
The White House Chief of Staff position is the successor to the earlier role of the President's private secretary.
John Milton HayJohn M. HayHay
Three private secretaries were later appointed to the Cabinet: George B. Cortelyou, John Hay and Daniel S. Lamont.
Beginning as a private secretary and assistant to Abraham Lincoln, Hay's highest office was United States Secretary of State under Presidents William McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt.
John Addison PorterJohn A. PorterJohn Addison Porter Prize in American History
The first man to hold the office of Secretary to the President was John Addison Porter whose failing health meant he was soon succeeded by George B. Cortelyou.
John Addison Porter (April 17, 1856 – December 15, 1900) was an American journalist, and the first person to hold the position of "Secretary to the President".
J. B. HenryJames Buchanan "Buck" Henry
The first man to hold such office officially and to be paid by the Government instead of by the President, was Buchanan's nephew J. B. Henry.
James Buchanan Henry (1833-1915) was a lawyer, writer, Secretary to the President of the United States, nephew and ward of James Buchanan.
William Armisted Burwell (March 15, 1780 – February 16, 1821) was a nineteenth-century congressman and presidential secretary from Virginia.
George CortelyouCortelyouGeorge Bruce Cortelyou
Three private secretaries were later appointed to the Cabinet: George B. Cortelyou, John Hay and Daniel S. Lamont. The first man to hold the office of Secretary to the President was John Addison Porter whose failing health meant he was soon succeeded by George B. Cortelyou.
Cleveland recommended him as a personal secretary to his successor, William McKinley.
James PolkJames Knox PolkPolk
James K. Polk notably had his wife take the role.
As well as appointing Cabinet officers to advise him, Polk made his sister's son, J. Knox Walker, his personal secretary, an especially important position because, other than his slaves, Polk had no staff at the White House.
LewisMerriwether LewisMeriweather Lewis
On April 1, 1801, Lewis was appointed as Secretary to the President by President Thomas Jefferson, whom he knew through Virginia society in Albemarle County.
McKinleyPresident McKinleyPresident William McKinley
Every American President had a private secretary, but the position was not an official one until the McKinley administration.
For most of McKinley's administration, George B. Cortelyou served as his personal secretary.
Nicholas Philip TristNicholas P. Trist
He was also private secretary to Andrew Jackson, whom he greatly admired.
In 1837, he resigned his commission the day before his father's inauguration to become the president's private secretary in the White House.
Some months after taking office as President, James Madison invited Coles to become his private secretary.
Orville BabcockBabcockBabcock, Orville Elias
After Grant became President in 1869, Babcock was assigned Grant's Secretary to the President of the United States—in modern terms, the chief of staff—and he served until his departure from the White House in 1876.
Samuel Laurence GouverneurGouverneurSamuel Gouverneur
Gouverneur served as private secretary to his uncle, the fifth U.S. President James Monroe who served two consecutive terms as President from March 4, 1817 until March 4, 1825.
William Loeb, Jr.secretary
He was the Presidential secretary to President Theodore Roosevelt and Collector of the Port of New York from 1909 to 1913.
J. Knox Walker
In March, 1845, he became Private Secretary of President Polk and the signer of land-warrants.
Andrew J. DonelsonAndrew DonelsonDonelson
Donelson assisted his uncle during the 1824 and 1828 presidential campaigns and, in 1829, he became Jackson's private secretary when his uncle was inaugurated as President of the United States.
He was Presidential secretary to President Calvin Coolidge and chairman of the Republican National Committee.
Campbell Bascom SlempCampbell Slemp
He was a six-time United States congressman from Virginia's 9th congressional district from 1907 to 1923 and served as the presidential secretary to President Calvin Coolidge.
Louis McHenry HoweLouie HoweLouis McHenry ("Louie") Howe
As a consequence, the office of Secretary to the President was greatly diminished in stature (mostly due to the lack of a sufficient replacement to Roosevelt's confidant Louis McHenry Howe who had died in 1936) and had many of its duties supplanted by the Appointments Secretary.
During the administration Howe's official title was Secretary to the President, a role equivalent to the current White House Chief of Staff posting.
JamesJames Roosevelt IIJimmy Roosevelt
He served as an official Secretary to the President and in the United States House of Representatives representing California.
Webb C. HayesWebb CookJames Webb Cook Hayes
When his father was elected president, the son again served as his father's secretary.
He then applied to be personal secretary to George Washington, now first President of the United States, writing that he had unpaid expenses as a Continental officer, and that business was "not congenial to [his] temper."
John G. NicolayJohn NicolayCol. John G. Nicolay
In 1861, Lincoln appointed Nicolay as his private secretary, which was the first official act of his new administration.
Joseph TumultyJoe TumultyJoseph P. Tumulty
He then served as Wilson's private secretary in 1911, when Wilson was Governor of New Jersey, and in 1913-1921 when Wilson was President of the United States.