Secularism

secularsecularistsecularistssecular societysecular lawsecularisationsecularisedsecularizedsecularisticsecularization
Secularism, as defined in the Merriam-Webster dictionary, is the "indifference to, or rejection or exclusion of, religion and religious considerations".wikipedia
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Freethought

freethinkerfreethinkersfreethinking
Secularism draws its intellectual roots from Greek and Roman philosophers such as Zeno of Citium and Marcus Aurelius; from Enlightenment thinkers such as Erasmus, John Locke, Denis Diderot, Voltaire, Baruch Spinoza, James Madison, Thomas Jefferson, and Thomas Paine; and from more recent freethinkers Holyoake held that secularism and secular ethics should take no interest at all in religious questions (as they were irrelevant), and was thus to be distinguished from strong freethought and atheism.
In practice, freethinking is most closely linked with secularism, atheism, agnosticism, anti-clericalism, and religious critique.

Atheism

atheistatheistsatheistic
atheists such as Matthew W. Dillahunty, Robert Ingersoll, Bertrand Russell, and Christopher Hitchens.
Although some atheists have adopted secular philosophies (e.g. secular humanism), there is no one ideology or code of conduct to which all atheists adhere.

Separation of church and state

disestablishmentchurch and stateseparation of religion and state
In certain context, the word can refer to anticlericalism, atheism, desire to exclude religion from social activities or civic affairs, banishment of religious symbols from the public sphere, state neutrality toward religion, the separation of religion from state, or disestablishment (separation of church and state).
The philosophy of the separation of the church from the civil state parallels the philosophies of secularism, disestablishmentarianism, religious liberty, and religious pluralism, by way of which the European states assumed some of the social roles of the church, the welfare state, a social shift that produced a culturally secular population and public sphere.

Secularity

secularnon-religioussecularized
In political terms, secularism is the principle of the separation of government institutions and persons mandated to represent the state from religious institution and religious dignitaries (the attainment of such is termed secularity).
A related term, secularism, involves the principle that government institutions and their representatives should remain separate from religious institutions, their beliefs, and their dignitaries.

Laïcité

Laicismlaicistlaic
In European laicism, it has been argued that secularism is a movement toward modernization, and away from traditional religious values (also known as secularization). The principles, but not necessarily the practices, of separation of church and state in the United States and Laïcité in France draw heavily on secularism.
Laïcité, literally "secularity", is a French concept of secularism.

Islam and secularism

secularsecularismSecularism in the Middle East
Secular states also existed in the Islamic world during the Middle Ages (see Islam and secularism).
Secularism has been a controversial concept in Islamic political thought, owing in part to historical factors and in part to the ambiguity of the concept itself.

Center for Inquiry

Council for Secular HumanismAfrican Americans for HumanismCFI
In this respect, policy decisions pertaining to topics like abortion, contraception, embryonic stem cell research, same-sex marriage, and sex education are prominently focused upon by American secularist organizations such as the Center for Inquiry.
Its primary mission is to foster a secular society based on science, reason, freedom of inquiry, and secular humanist values.

France

FrenchFRAFrench Republic
The principles, but not necessarily the practices, of separation of church and state in the United States and Laïcité in France draw heavily on secularism.
In France, it is considered to be the watershed moment when a conservative moral ideal (religion, patriotism, respect for authority) shifted towards a more liberal moral ideal (secularism, individualism, sexual revolution).

Christian fundamentalism

fundamentalistfundamentalist ChristianChristian fundamentalist
Some Christian fundamentalists and scholars (notably in the United States) oppose secularism, often claiming that there is a "radical secularist" ideology being adopted in our current day and they see secularism as a threat to "Christian rights" and national security. The most significant forces of religious fundamentalism in the contemporary world are Christian fundamentalism and Islamic fundamentalism.
Increasing secularism, liberalism, and immorality in the 1920s were believed to be signs that humanity had again failed God's test.

George Holyoake

George Jacob HolyoakeG. J. HolyoakeG.J. Holyoake
The term "secularism" was first used by the British writer George Jacob Holyoake in 1851.
He coined the term "secularism" in 1851 and "jingoism" in 1878.

United Kingdom

BritishUKBritain
The term "secularism" was first used by the British writer George Jacob Holyoake in 1851.
This has led some commentators to variously describe the UK as a multi-faith, secularised, or post-Christian society.

National Secular Society

NSS
An example of that is the National Secular Society in the UK.
The National Secular Society (NSS) is a British campaigning organisation that promotes secularism and the separation of church and state.

Secular ethics

Ethics without religionsecular ethicalsecular values
Holyoake held that secularism and secular ethics should take no interest at all in religious questions (as they were irrelevant), and was thus to be distinguished from strong freethought and atheism.
Secular ethics refers to any ethical system that does not draw on the supernatural, and includes humanism, secularism and freethinking.

Politics

politicalpoliticianpolitically
Another form of secularism is the view that public activities and decisions, especially political ones, should be uninfluenced by religious beliefs or practices.
This classification is comparatively recent (it was not used by Aristotle or Hobbes, for instance), and dates from the French Revolution era, when those members of the National Assembly who supported the republic, the common people and a secular society sat on the left and supporters of the monarchy, aristocratic privilege and the Church sat on the right.

Humanists UK

British Humanist AssociationVoltaire LectureBHA
The largest secularist group in the United Kingdom is Humanists UK, which both campaigns for a secular state and represents the non-religious community.
Humanists UK, known from 1967 until May 2017 as the British Humanist Association (BHA), is a charitable organisation which promotes Humanism and aims to represent "people who seek to live good lives without religious or superstitious beliefs" in the United Kingdom by campaigning on issues relating to humanism, secularism, and human rights.

Maryam Namazie

The award's first winner was Maryam Namazie, of the Worker-Communist Party of Iran and the Council of Ex-Muslims of Britain which aims to break the taboo that comes with renouncing Islam and to oppose apostasy laws and political Islam.
Maryam Namazie (born 1966) is a British-Iranian secularist and human rights activist, commentator, and broadcaster.

Matt Dillahunty

Matthew W. Dillahunty
atheists such as Matthew W. Dillahunty, Robert Ingersoll, Bertrand Russell, and Christopher Hitchens.

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

AtatürkMustafa KemalKemal Atatürk
In Turkey, the most prominent and active secularist organization is Atatürkist Thought Association (ADD), which is credited for organizing the Republic Protests – demonstrations in the four largest cities in Turkey in 2007, where over 2 million people, mostly women, defended their concern in and support of secularist principles introduced by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk.
Ideologically a secularist and nationalist, his policies and theories became known as Kemalism.

Islamic fundamentalism

Islamic fundamentalistIslamic fundamentalistsfundamentalist
The most significant forces of religious fundamentalism in the contemporary world are Christian fundamentalism and Islamic fundamentalism.
As with adherents of other fundamentalist movements, Islamic fundamentalists hold that the problems of the world stem from secular influences.

Atatürkist Thought Association

Atatürk Thought AssociationAtaturkist Thought AssociationAtatürkçü Düşünce Derneği
In Turkey, the most prominent and active secularist organization is Atatürkist Thought Association (ADD), which is credited for organizing the Republic Protests – demonstrations in the four largest cities in Turkey in 2007, where over 2 million people, mostly women, defended their concern in and support of secularist principles introduced by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk.
The Atatürkist Thought Association (Atatürkçü Düşünce Derneği; ADD) is a secularist organization that espouses the ideas of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder of modern Turkey.

Sharia

Islamic lawSharia lawShariah
This can refer to reducing ties between a government and a state religion, replacing laws based on scripture (such as Halakha, Dominionism, and Sharia law) with civil laws, and eliminating discrimination on the basis of religion.
Iran declared in the UN assembly that UDHR was "a secular understanding of the Judeo-Christian tradition", which could not be implemented by Muslims without trespassing the Islamic law.

Anti-clericalism

anti-clericalanticlericalanticlericalism
Anti-clericalism is related to secularism, which seeks to remove the church from all aspects of public and political life, and its involvement in the everyday life of the citizen.

Leicester Secular Society

the city's Secular Society
Leicester Secular Society, founded in 1851, is the world's oldest secular society.
Leicester Secular Society is the world's oldest Secular Society.

Secular Student Alliance

Jesse GalefAugust BrunsmanSSAcon
The Secular Student Alliance is an educational non-profit that organizes and aids such high school and college secular student groups.
The Secular Student Alliance (SSA) is a US-American educational nonprofit organization whose purpose is to educate high school and college students about the value of scientific reason and the intellectual basis of secularism in its atheistic and humanistic manifestations.

Secularization

secularisationsecularizedsecularised
In European laicism, it has been argued that secularism is a movement toward modernization, and away from traditional religious values (also known as secularization).