Sedation

sedatedsedatingsedatesedativesedatessleepinessconscious sedationdrowsinessintravenous sedationsedating effects
Sedation is the reduction of irritability or agitation by administration of sedative drugs, generally to facilitate a medical procedure or diagnostic procedure.wikipedia
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Sedative

sedativessedative-hypnoticsedated
Sedation is the reduction of irritability or agitation by administration of sedative drugs, generally to facilitate a medical procedure or diagnostic procedure.
A sedative or tranquilliser is a substance that induces sedation by reducing irritability or excitement.

Ketamine

K-holeSpecial KCalypsol
Examples of drugs which can be used for sedation include isoflurane, diethyl ether propofol, etomidate, ketamine, fentanyl, pentobarbital, lorazepam and midazolam.
It induces a trance-like state while providing pain relief, sedation, and memory loss.

Etomidate

Amidate
Examples of drugs which can be used for sedation include isoflurane, diethyl ether propofol, etomidate, ketamine, fentanyl, pentobarbital, lorazepam and midazolam.
Etomidate (USAN, INN, BAN) (marketed as Amidate) is a short-acting intravenous anaesthetic agent used for the induction of general anaesthesia and sedation for short procedures such as reduction of dislocated joints, tracheal intubation, cardioversion and electroconvulsive therapy.

Lorazepam

Ativanbenzodiazepine lorazepamdrug of the same name
Examples of drugs which can be used for sedation include isoflurane, diethyl ether propofol, etomidate, ketamine, fentanyl, pentobarbital, lorazepam and midazolam.
It is also used during surgery to interfere with memory formation and to sedate those who are being mechanically ventilated.

Endoscopy

endoscopicendoscopesendoscope
Sedation is typically used in minor surgical procedures such as endoscopy, vasectomy, or dentistry and for reconstructive surgery, some cosmetic surgeries, removal of wisdom teeth, or for high-anxiety patients.
Patients undergoing the procedure may be offered sedation, which includes its own risks.

Fentanyl

ActiqDuragesicfentanyl citrate
Examples of drugs which can be used for sedation include isoflurane, diethyl ether propofol, etomidate, ketamine, fentanyl, pentobarbital, lorazepam and midazolam.
Fentanyl in injectable formulation is commonly used for analgesia and as a component of balanced sedation and general anesthesia in small animal patients.

Intensive care unit

ICUintensive-care unitintensive care
Sedation is also used extensively in the intensive care unit so that patients who are being ventilated tolerate having an endotracheal tube in their trachea.
Medically induced comas, analgesics, and induced sedation are common ICU tools needed and used to reduce pain and prevent secondary infections.

General anaesthesia

general anesthesiageneralgeneral anesthetic
In the United Kingdom, deep sedation is considered to be a part of the spectrum of general anesthesia, as opposed to conscious sedation.
Melatonin has been found to be effective as an anaesthetic premedication in both adults and children because of its hypnotic, anxiolytic, sedative, antinociceptive, and anticonvulsant properties.

Richmond Agitation-Sedation Scale

Richmond Agitation and Sedation Scale
Examples of sedation scales include MSAT (Minnesota Sedation Assessment Tool), UMSS (University of Michigan Sedation Scale), the Ramsay Scale (Ramsay, et al. 1974) and the RASS (Richmond Agitation-Sedation Scale).
Richmond Agitation-Sedation Scale is a medical scale used to measure the agitation or sedation level of a person.

Irritability

agitationirritationHyperirritability
Sedation is the reduction of irritability or agitation by administration of sedative drugs, generally to facilitate a medical procedure or diagnostic procedure.

Medical procedure

procedureproceduresmedical
Sedation is the reduction of irritability or agitation by administration of sedative drugs, generally to facilitate a medical procedure or diagnostic procedure.

Isoflurane

Examples of drugs which can be used for sedation include isoflurane, diethyl ether propofol, etomidate, ketamine, fentanyl, pentobarbital, lorazepam and midazolam.

Diethyl ether

etherethyl etherdiethylether
Examples of drugs which can be used for sedation include isoflurane, diethyl ether propofol, etomidate, ketamine, fentanyl, pentobarbital, lorazepam and midazolam.

Propofol

Diprivan2,6-diisopropylphenolMilk of amnesia
Examples of drugs which can be used for sedation include isoflurane, diethyl ether propofol, etomidate, ketamine, fentanyl, pentobarbital, lorazepam and midazolam.

Pentobarbital

Nembutalsodium pentobarbitalPentobarbital sodium
Examples of drugs which can be used for sedation include isoflurane, diethyl ether propofol, etomidate, ketamine, fentanyl, pentobarbital, lorazepam and midazolam.

Midazolam

VersedDormicumMidazolam hydrochloride
Examples of drugs which can be used for sedation include isoflurane, diethyl ether propofol, etomidate, ketamine, fentanyl, pentobarbital, lorazepam and midazolam.

Vasectomy

vasectomiesThe snipvasectomized
Sedation is typically used in minor surgical procedures such as endoscopy, vasectomy, or dentistry and for reconstructive surgery, some cosmetic surgeries, removal of wisdom teeth, or for high-anxiety patients.

Dentistry

dentaldental caredentist
Sedation is typically used in minor surgical procedures such as endoscopy, vasectomy, or dentistry and for reconstructive surgery, some cosmetic surgeries, removal of wisdom teeth, or for high-anxiety patients. Sedation methods in dentistry include inhalation sedation (using nitrous oxide), oral sedation, and intravenous (IV) sedation.

Wisdom tooth

wisdom teeththird molarmandibular third molar
Sedation is typically used in minor surgical procedures such as endoscopy, vasectomy, or dentistry and for reconstructive surgery, some cosmetic surgeries, removal of wisdom teeth, or for high-anxiety patients.

Inhalation sedation

Sedation methods in dentistry include inhalation sedation (using nitrous oxide), oral sedation, and intravenous (IV) sedation.

Nitrous oxide

laughing gasN 2 Onitrous
Sedation methods in dentistry include inhalation sedation (using nitrous oxide), oral sedation, and intravenous (IV) sedation.

Mechanical ventilation

mechanical ventilatorassisted ventilationRespiratory monitoring
Sedation is also used extensively in the intensive care unit so that patients who are being ventilated tolerate having an endotracheal tube in their trachea.

Tracheal tube

endotracheal tubebreathing tubebreathing tubes
Sedation is also used extensively in the intensive care unit so that patients who are being ventilated tolerate having an endotracheal tube in their trachea.

Trachea

windpipetrachealtracheae
Sedation is also used extensively in the intensive care unit so that patients who are being ventilated tolerate having an endotracheal tube in their trachea.

Airway obstruction

Bronchial obstructionupper airway obstructionairflow obstruction
Airway obstruction, apnea and hypotension are not uncommon during sedation and require the presence of health professionals who are suitably trained to detect and manage these problems.