Sede vacante

vacancyvacantSee vacantinterim government during sede vacantevacant seeinterim Government during'' sede vacanteActing Sovereignafter the deathdeath or resignationfalls vacant
Sede vacante (Latin for 'the seat being vacant') is a term for the state of an episcopal see while without a bishop.wikipedia
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Apostolic Penitentiary

Grand penitentiaryMajor PenitentiaryMajor Penitentiary of the Apostolic Penitentiary
The exceptions are the Cardinal Camerlengo, who is charged with managing the property of the Holy See, and the Major Penitentiary, who continues to exercise his normal role.
The head of the Apostolic Penitentiary, the Major Penitentiary, is one of the few Vatican officials who retain their positions sede vacante.

Camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church

CamerlengoCardinal ChamberlainCardinal Camerlengo
The exceptions are the Cardinal Camerlengo, who is charged with managing the property of the Holy See, and the Major Penitentiary, who continues to exercise his normal role.
These also form part of the coat of arms of the Holy See during a papal interregnum (sede vacante).

Cardinal Vicar

Vicar General of RomeVicariate of RomeCardinal Vicar of Rome
Papal legates continue to exercise their diplomatic roles overseas, and both the Vicar General of Rome and the Vicar General for the Vatican City State continue to exercise their pastoral role during this period.
But should he die during a vacancy of the Holy See, the vicegerent assumed his functions as a quasi vicar capitular.

Roman Curia

papal curiaVaticanCuria
At the same time, all the heads of the departments of the Roman Curia "cease to exercise" their offices.
See sede vacante.

Universi Dominici gregis

According to Universi Dominici gregis, the government of the Holy See and the administration of the Catholic Church during sede vacante falls to the College of Cardinals, but in a very limited capacity.
It also clarified, during a sede vacante, which matters could be handled by the College of Cardinals and which matters were reserved for the future pope.

Bishop

episcopateepiscopal consecrationbishops
Sede vacante (Latin for 'the seat being vacant') is a term for the state of an episcopal see while without a bishop.

Cardinal (Catholic Church)

CardinalCardinal-Priestcardinal priest
Cardinals present in Rome are required to wait at least fifteen days after the start of the vacancy before they hold the conclave to elect the new Pope.
During the sede vacante (the period between a pope's death or resignation and the election of his successor), the day-to-day governance of the Holy See is in the hands of the College of Cardinals.

Pope

PapacypapalBishop of Rome
In the canon law of the Catholic Church, the term is used to refer to the vacancy of any see of a particular church, but it comes into especially wide journalistic use when the see is that of the papacy. After the death or resignation of a pope, the Holy See enters a period of sede vacante.
This Council decreed that the cardinal electors must meet within ten days of the pope's death, and that they must remain in seclusion until a pope has been elected; this was prompted by the three-year sede vacante following the death of Pope Clement IV in 1268.

Pope Pius VII

Pius VIIBarnaba Chiaramontia supreme pope
The longest period without a Pope in the last 250 years was the approximately half year from the death in prison of Pius VI in 1799 and the election of Pius VII in Venice in 1800.
The following year, after a sede vacante period lasting approximately six months, Chiaramonti was elected to the papacy, taking the name Pius VII.

Holy See

VaticanRomethe Vatican
According to Universi Dominici gregis, the government of the Holy See and the administration of the Catholic Church during sede vacante falls to the College of Cardinals, but in a very limited capacity. After the death or resignation of a pope, the Holy See enters a period of sede vacante.
It instead operates under a different set of laws sede vacante.

Vatican euro coins

VaticanVatican Citycoins
It now makes its appearance on Vatican euro coins, which are legal tender in all Eurozone states.
Following the death of Pope John Paul II in April 2005, the Vatican issued special coins during the period of Sede vacante depicting the emblem of the Apostolic Chamber (i.e. two crossed keys beneath an umbraculum, or umbrella) and the coat of arms of the Camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church, at the time Cardinal Eduardo Martínez Somalo.

1292–1294 papal election

Papal election, 1292–941292–12941292–94
After the death of Pope Nicholas IV on April 4, 1292, the eleven surviving cardinals (a twelfth died during the sede vacante) deliberated for more than two years before electing the third of six non-cardinals to be elected pope during the Late Middle Ages: Pietro da Morrone, who took the name Pope Celestine V.

Vatican City

VaticanVatican City Statethe Vatican
The postal administration of the Vatican City State prepares and issues special postage stamps for use during this particular period, known as "sede vacante stamps".
The Cardinal Camerlengo presides over the Apostolic Camera to which is entrusted the administration of the property and protection of other papal temporal powers and rights of the Holy See during the period of the empty throne or sede vacante (papal vacancy).

College of Cardinals

CardinalSacred College of Cardinalsconsistories
According to Universi Dominici gregis, the government of the Holy See and the administration of the Catholic Church during sede vacante falls to the College of Cardinals, but in a very limited capacity. During this period, the Holy See is administered by a regency of the College of Cardinals.
The college has no ruling power except during the sede vacante (papal vacancy) period, and even then its powers are extremely limited by the terms of the current law, which is laid down in the Apostolic constitution Universi Dominici gregis (1996) and the Fundamental Law of Vatican City State.

Episcopal see

seeseessee city
Sede vacante (Latin for 'the seat being vacant') is a term for the state of an episcopal see while without a bishop.

Papal renunciation

resignationpapal resignationresigned
After the death or resignation of a pope, the Holy See enters a period of sede vacante.
* Sede vacante

Papal conclave

conclaveconclavespapal election
The interregnum is usually highlighted by the funeral Mass of the deceased pope, the general congregations of the College of Cardinals for determining the particulars of the election, and finally culminates in the papal conclave to elect a successor.
During the sede vacante, as the papal vacancy is known, certain limited powers pass to the College of Cardinals, which is convoked by the Dean of the College of Cardinals.

Umbraculum

ombrellinocanopyconopaeum
The papal tiara over the keys is replaced with the umbraculum or ombrellino in Italian.
The umbraculum is part of the coat of arms of the Holy See sede vacante, i.e., between the reigns of two popes.

Interregnum

interregnaorphanedGerman Interregnum
The interregnum is usually highlighted by the funeral Mass of the deceased pope, the general congregations of the College of Cardinals for determining the particulars of the election, and finally culminates in the papal conclave to elect a successor.
A Papal interregnum occurs upon the death or resignation of the Catholic Church's Pope, though this is generally known as a sede vacante (literally "when the seat is vacant").

Pope Benedict XVI

Benedict XVIJoseph RatzingerPope Benedict
Days before his resignation in February 2013, Benedict XVI amended the rules to allow the cardinals to begin the conclave sooner, if all voting cardinals are present.
After two weeks of ceremonial farewells, the Pope left office at the appointed time and sede vacante was declared.

Diocesan administrator

administratorvicar capitularcapitular vicar
Within eight days after the episcopal see is known to be vacant, the college of consultors (or the cathedral chapter in some countries) is obliged to elect a diocesan administrator.
The college of consultors elects an administrator within eight days after the see is known to be vacant.

Sedevacantism

sedevacantistsedevacantistsdeclaring them to be false popes
The term has been adopted in Sedevacantism, an extreme strand of the Catholic traditionalist movement.
The term "sedevacantism" is derived from the Latin phrase sede vacante, which means "with the chair [of Saint Peter] vacant".

Cathedral chapter

chapterDiocesan CanonCanon Chancellor
Within eight days after the episcopal see is known to be vacant, the college of consultors (or the cathedral chapter in some countries) is obliged to elect a diocesan administrator.
According to both Anglican and Catholic canon law, a cathedral chapter is a college of clerics (chapter) formed to advise a bishop and, in the case of a vacancy of the episcopal see in some countries, to govern the diocese during the vacancy.

Pope Gregory XII

Gregory XIIAngelo CorrerAngelo Corraro
Therefore, the Papal seat was vacant for two years.

Traditionalist Catholicism

Traditionalist CatholicTraditionalist Catholicstraditionalist
The term has been adopted in Sedevacantism, an extreme strand of the Catholic traditionalist movement.
The terms sedevacantist and sedevacantism derive from the Latin phrase sede vacante ("while the chair/see [of Saint Peter] is vacant"), a term normally applied to the period between the death or resignation of one pope and the election of his successor.