Self-disclosure

self disclosuredisclosiveopenself-discloseSelf-revelation
Self-disclosure is a process of communication by which one person reveals information about themself to another.wikipedia
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Social penetration theory

relationship developmentstranger-on-the-train phenomenon
Social penetration theory posits that there are two dimensions to self-disclosure: breadth and depth.
SPT states that the relationship development occurs primarily through self-disclosure, or intentionally revealing personal information such as personal motives, desires, feelings, thoughts, and experiences to others.

Social exchange theory

social exchangeexchange theoryexchange
Self-disclosure can be assessed by an analysis of cost and rewards which can be further explained by social exchange theory. Three theories describe reciprocity: The social attraction-trust hypothesis, social exchange theory and the norm of reciprocity.
The research found how social exchange processes changed during the year by measuring self disclosure.

Intimate relationship

relationshipintimacysexual relationship
Self-disclosure is an important building block for intimacy and cannot be achieved without it.
It evolves through reciprocal self-disclosure and candor.

Coming out

came outopenlyopenly gay
Coming out of the closet, often shortened to coming out, is a metaphor for LGBT people's self-disclosure of their sexual orientation or of their gender identity.

Writing therapy

journalingexpressive writingPennebaker Writing Disclosure Paradigm
The Pennebaker Writing Disclosure Paradigm is a method commonly used in therapy settings to facilitate writing about one's experiences.

Four-sides model

four sides model
On the layer of the self-revealing or self-disclosure the sender reveals himself.

Reciprocity (social psychology)

reciprocityreciprocalreciprocate
Reciprocity is a positive response from the person with whom one is sharing information, whereby the person who received the disclosure self-discloses in turn.

Norm of reciprocity

reciprocitynorms of reciprocityReciprocation
Three theories describe reciprocity: The social attraction-trust hypothesis, social exchange theory and the norm of reciprocity.

Social norm

social normsnormsnorm
The third explanation, the norm of reciprocity, argues that reciprocating disclosure is a social norm and violating it makes a person uncomfortable.

Self-monitoring

self monitoring25-item self-monitoring scalehigh self-monitors
Self-monitoring is a form of impression management in which a person examines a situation and behaves accordingly.

Loneliness

lonelydesolationIsolation
The exception to this is loneliness, for lonely individuals have shown decreased rates of self-disclosure.

Androgyny

androgynousandrogyneandrogyn
Androgynous people disclose more intimately across contexts than do notably masculine and feminine people.

Self-esteem

self-worthself-respectself esteem
In men, self-disclosure and the level of disclosure they perceive from their wives is positively correlated with their self-esteem.

Motivation

intrinsic motivationmotivationalmotives
Motivation for disclosure is also critical: does the individual need to present himself or herself in a certain way in order to gain certain benefits, and does the self-disclosure match the person's sense of ideal self?

Positive illusions

positive illusionpositive illusory bias
This finding links to the idea of positive illusions in relationship studies.

School of thought

schoolschools of thoughtschools
Nearly every school of thought is in agreement that self-disclosure is a necessary element of therapeutic technique.

Therapy

therapeutictherapisttreatment
Nearly every school of thought is in agreement that self-disclosure is a necessary element of therapeutic technique.

Insight

insightsmindAha-Erlebnis
Non-immediate disclosure, however, is the revealing of more about the therapist than his or her professional background and includes personal insight.

Psychodynamic psychotherapy

psychodynamic therapypsychodynamicbrief psychodynamic therapy
Early psychodynamic theorists strongly disagreed with the incorporation of therapist self-disclosure in the client-therapist relationship.

Object relations theory

object relationsobjectobject relation
Object-relations theorists want the client to be able to see how he or she is seen by another and how what she shares is viewed by another, and the best way to operationalize these factors is through a trusting relationship with a therapist who also discloses.

Self psychology

self-psychologyempathic failuresSelf psychologist
Self-theorists believe much the same as object-relations theorists.

Intersubjective psychoanalysis

Intersubjectiveintersubjectivity in psychoanalysisSubjectivity
Intersubjective and relational schools of thought encourage disclosure due to its ability to bring subjectivity into therapy, which they deem a necessary element to real healing.

Personality systematics

relational
Intersubjective and relational schools of thought encourage disclosure due to its ability to bring subjectivity into therapy, which they deem a necessary element to real healing.