A report on Self-propelled artillery

British AS-90s firing in Basra, Iraq, 2008.
A Panzerhaubitze 2000 of the German Army arriving in Afghanistan
A 2S19M2 Msta-S of the Russian Army
British Gun Carrier Mark I (60 pdr).
Disabled German Wespe 105 mm self-propelled artillery vehicle.
Soviet ISU-152 heavy assault gun.
Romanian Mareșal M-00 tank destroyer, armed with an M-30 howitzer. A Katyusha rocket launcher version also existed.
IDF Makmat 160 mm mortar (see postwar Sherman tanks).
Slovak Self-propelled 155mm Howitzer model 2000 Zuzana
A Swedish Bandkanon 1
U.S. M270 MLRS
Slovak Self-propelled 155mm Howitzer model 2000 Zuzana

Artillery equipped with its own propulsion system to move toward its firing position.

- Self-propelled artillery
British AS-90s firing in Basra, Iraq, 2008.

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Soldiers of the Royal Artillery firing 105mm light howitzers during an exercise

Artillery

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Class of heavy military ranged weapons that launch munitions far beyond the range and power of infantry firearms.

Class of heavy military ranged weapons that launch munitions far beyond the range and power of infantry firearms.

Soldiers of the Royal Artillery firing 105mm light howitzers during an exercise
French soldiers in the Franco-Prussian War 1870–71
British 64 Pounder Rifled Muzzle-Loaded (RML) Gun on a Moncrieff disappearing mount, at Scaur Hill Fort, Bermuda. This is a part of a fixed battery, meant to protect against over-land attack and to serve as coastal artillery.
7-person gun crew firing a US M777 Light Towed Howitzer, War in Afghanistan, 2009
A bronze "thousand ball thunder cannon" from the Huolongjing.
A depiction of an early vase-shaped cannon (shown here as the "Long-range Awe-inspiring Cannon"(威遠砲)) complete with a crude sight and an ignition port dated from around 1350 AD. The illustration is from the 14th century Ming Dynasty book Huolongjing.
French gunner in the 15th century, a 1904 illustration
First Battle of Panipat
Bullocks dragging siege-guns up hill during Akbar's Siege of Ranthambore
The Austrian Pumhart von Steyr, the earliest extant large-calibre gun
Three of the large Korean artillery, Chongtong in the Jinju National Museum. These cannons were made in the mid 16th century. The closest is a "Cheonja chongtong"(천자총통, 天字銃筒), the second is a "Jija chongtong"(지자총통, 地字銃筒), and the third is a "Hyeonja chongtong"(현자총통, 玄字銃筒).
Artillery with gabion fortification
The Tsar Cannon (caliber 890 mm), cast in 1586 in Moscow. It is the largest bombard in the world.
A 19th-century cannon, set in the wall of Acre to commemorate the city's resistance to the 1799 siege by Napoleon's troops.
Prussian artillery at the Battle of Langensalza (1866)
Armstrong gun deployed by Japan during the Boshin war (1868–69)
8-inch Armstrong gun during American Civil War, Fort Fisher, 1865
The French Canon de 75 modèle 1897, the first modern artillery piece
German 15cm field howitzers during World War I
M982 Excalibur guided artillery shell
M1156 Precision Guidance Kit can be added to unguided projectiles
Artillery can be used to fire nuclear warheads, as seen in this 1953 nuclear test.
152 mm howitzer D-20 during the Iran–Iraq War
Battleship ammunition: 16" artillery shells aboard a United States
Cyclone of the 320th French Artillery, in Hoogstade, Belgium, September 5, 1917
The Finnish Defence Forces using 130 mm Gun M-46 during a direct fire mission in a live fire exercise in 2010.
German Army PzH 2000 self-propelled artillery
Horse-drawn artillery
Man-pulled artillery
Australian gunners, wearing gas masks, operate a 9.2 in howitzer during World War I
Firing of an 18-pound gun, Louis-Philippe Crepin (1772–1851)
A British 60-pounder (5 in) gun at full recoil, in action during the Battle of Gallipoli, 1915. Photo by Ernest Brooks.
Two French Army Giat GCT 155mm (155 mm AUF1) Self-propelled Guns, 40th Regiment d' Artillerie, with IFOR markings are parked at Hekon base, near Mostar, Bosnia-Herzegovina, in support of Operation Joint Endeavor
A 155 mm artillery shell fired by a United States 11th Marine Regiment M-198 howitzer
USMC M-198 firing outside of Fallujah, Iraq in 2004
Modern artillery ammunition. Caliber 155 mm as used by the PzH 2000
Illustration of different trajectories used in MRSI: For any muzzle velocity there is a steeper (> 45°, solid line) and a lower (<45°, dashed line) trajectory. On these different trajectories, the shells have different flight times.
An artillery piece in the monument commemorating the 1864 Battle of Tupelo (American Civil War)

This development continues today; modern self-propelled artillery vehicles are highly mobile weapons of great versatility generally providing the largest share of an army's total firepower.

Two American M10 tank destroyers in Belgium during World War II

Tank destroyer

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Type of armoured fighting vehicle, armed with a direct fire artillery gun or missile launcher, designed specifically to engage and destroy enemy tanks, often with limited operational capacities.

Type of armoured fighting vehicle, armed with a direct fire artillery gun or missile launcher, designed specifically to engage and destroy enemy tanks, often with limited operational capacities.

Two American M10 tank destroyers in Belgium during World War II
Panzerjäger I
Sturmgeschütz III with long barrelled gun
Jagdpanther
Jagdtiger
Semovente da 75/18
Type 3 Ho-Ni III tank destroyer
Soviet ISU-122, a casemate tank destroyer of the Second World War, shown here with postwar Polish Army markings
M10 tank destroyer
A British Achilles self-propelled anti-tank gun on the east bank of the Rhine following Operation Plunder
"Self Propelled 17pdr, Valentine, Mk I, Archer". The gun faced to the rear
The Romanian Mareșal tank destroyer, developed starting in late 1942, is proposed to have inspired the German Hetzer's design.
A West German Kanonenjagdpanzer with 90 mm gun.
A Norwegian anti-tank platoon equipped with NM142 TOW missile launchers
Mowag Piranha–based, TOW-armed ATGM carrier of the Swiss Army

They were meant to be self-propelled artillery and tank destroyers for armored divisions.

British World War I Mark V* tank

Armoured fighting vehicle

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Armed combat vehicle protected by armour, generally combining operational mobility with offensive and defensive capabilities.

Armed combat vehicle protected by armour, generally combining operational mobility with offensive and defensive capabilities.

British World War I Mark V* tank
Battle of Zama by Henri-Paul Motte, 1890
A Helepolis-like Siege Engine showing ballistae, stairs and movement capstan
Model of a vehicle sketched by Leonardo da Vinci
F.R. Simms' Motor Scout, built in 1898 as an armed car
F.R. Simms' 1902 Motor War Car, the first armoured car to be built
The Mark IX tank, the first armoured personnel carrier
British Gun Carrier Mark I (60 pdr)
Armour-thickness chart for a Panther tank
Engine replacement for a Bergepanzer 2
Ripsaw M5 unmanned light tank
Indian T-90 Bhisma with appliqué reactive armour and standard 125 mm main gun
The Carden-Loyd tankette concept was adopted by many armies
Maus
Churchill Crocodile flame tank
A British Matilda tank displaying a captured Italian flag
2 pdr-armed Crusader in the desert
Panhard AML armoured car
United States Army M1127 reconnaissance vehicle
The ARTEC Boxer armoured personnel carrier
The German Puma infantry fighting vehicles
Polish AMZ Tur
BTR-80s coming ashore, engine snorkels and waterjet deployed
Two U.S. Marine Corps Assault Amphibious Vehicles emerge from the surf onto the sand of Freshwater Beach, Australia
IDF Puma - combat engineering vehicle and section carrier
A German army Rheinmetall Keiler. It uses a heavy-duty rotor-powered mine flail, which causes mines it comes in contact with to safely detonate.
IDF Caterpillar D9 armoured bulldozer
Flakpanzer Gepard, Germany
At AUSA 2017, a JLTV Utility variant mounting Boeing's SHORAD Launcher
A Russian 2S19 Msta-S in 2014
The Soviet SU-76 was easily constructed in small factories incapable of producing proper tanks
A Karl-Gerät firing in Warsaw,1944
An American M1129 Mortar Carrier
BM-30 Smerch 300 mm rocket launcher in raised position
A Norwegian anti-tank platoon equipped with NM142 TOW missile launchers
Replica of the "Hurban" armoured train located in Zvolen, Slovakia
Improvised armoured truck in 1916, during the Easter Rising.
A Gun Truck of the type used in Iraq, based on an M939 five-ton truck
A ZU-23-2 technical used by the forces of the National Transitional Council during the Libyan civil war, in October 2011
A CV-9035 Swedish infantry fighting vehicle used by U.S. Army
The M113, one of the most common tracked APCs, on duty during the Iraq War
An ATF Dingo of the German Army is a mine-resistant and ambush-protected infantry mobility vehicle used by several European armed forces
A United States Army National Guard M1117 armoured security vehicle
A French Nexter Aravis in Strasbourg
Norwegian soldiers running operations in an Iveco LMV in Faryab province, Afghanistan. The Iveco LMV is widely used by European militaries.
An RMMV Survivor R used by the Saxony State Police. In this configuration, it does not feature the .50 machine gun and grenade launcher remote weapon station used in the standard military configuration.
A remotely controlled Panther armoured mine clearing vehicle leads a column down a road in Bosnia and Herzegovina, 16 May 1996.
Marines with 2nd Combat Engineer Battalion launch a M58 MICLIC from an assault breacher vehicle
An armoured IDF Caterpillar D9R bulldozer, nicknamed "דובי" ('Teddy bear') in Israel. Its armour allows it to work under heavy fire.
BPz3 "Büffel", German Army
An M60A1 armoured vehicle-launched bridge (AVLB), deploying its scissors-type bridge
An M1132 engineer squad vehicle (ESV) issued to combat engineer squads in the US Army Stryker brigade combat teams
WW1 Mark V tank, in The Tank Museum
Modern reconstruction of Hussite war wagon
Mark IX tank, the first Armoured Personnel Carrier at the Tank Museum, Bovington
Soviet IT-1, Kubinka Tank Museum
The RF-8, a smaller World War II model, powered by an inexpensive automotive engine
An American-made Bulgarian M1117
C-130 airdrops an M551 light tank
German RSO artillery tractor towing 105 mm howitzer, Albania, 1943
ISU-152K, Victory Park, Moscow, Russia
thumb|A WWII German Panzer II
thumb|left|Soviet-made Polish T-34 medium tank Model 1942 in Poznań, Poland. The model 1942's hexagonal turret distinguishes it from earlier models.
thumb|T29 Heavy Tank
Wiesel 2 Argus scout tankette
thumb|TOG II
thumb|Rolls-Royce Armoured Car in Bovington
thumb|upright=1.2|U.S. T17E1 Staghound armored car of World War II
thumb|left|A U.S. Army HMMWV firing a BGM-71 TOW missile.
thumb|left|BA-64 at the UMMC Museum
thumb|NI tank improvised fighting tractor
thumb|upright=1.2|Technical armed with a ZU-23 autocannon operated by the Free Syrian Army during clashes with ISIS in the eastern Qalamoun Mountains, southern Syria, 2017
thumb|right|In the Croatian War of Independence Croatian improvised armored tractor (backhoe)
thumb|German WWII Sd.Kfz. 251 half-tracked APC
thumb|M113 APC
thumb|BMP-2M amphibious IFV
thumb|Wheeled Ratel IFV
Swimming Polish PT-76s.
PTS-M landing craft
thumb|Czechoslovak self-propelled anti-aircraft gun M53/59 Praga developed in the late 1950s.
thumb|German Wirbelwind - a 20 mm Flakvierling quadmount on a Panzer IV chassis.
thumb|right|Typical of more modern designs, the Tunguska-M1 mounts both missiles and cannons.
thumb|A Wespe destroyed in Normandy, 1944.
G6 howitzer wheeled SPG
thumb|Panzerwerfer
thumb|Katyusha rocket launcher at the Museum (Diorama) on Sapun Mountain, Sevastopol
thumb|upright|left|The M270 MLRS conducts a rocket launch.
Missile truck MZKT 79221 under missile Topol-M
A Soviet 2K11 Krug TEL
thumb|S-300 missile system.
thumb|left|90 mm GMC M36 during the Battle of the Bulge in January, 1945
thumb|right|British-captured German Jagdtiger in The Tank Museum, the UK
German missile tank destroyer Raketenjagdpanzer 2.
thumb|MÁV armoured train

Tanks, armoured cars, assault guns/armoured self-propelled guns, infantry fighting vehicles and armoured personnel carriers (APC) are all examples of AFVs.

The Soviet SU-76 was easily constructed in small factories incapable of producing proper tanks.

Assault gun

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The Soviet SU-76 was easily constructed in small factories incapable of producing proper tanks.
The German Stug III assault gun, here in one of its early configruations armed with a 75 mm StuK 37 howitzer.
US World War II assault gun M8 Scott.
Panhard AML-90 of Mauritanian troops.
Soviet ASU-85 air-deployable assault gun.
US M1128 Mobile Gun System assault gun
Sturmgeschütz III (75 mm StuK 37 variant)
Sturmgeschütz III (75 mm StuK 40 variant)
Sturmhaubitze 42
Sturm-Infanteriegeschütz 33B
Sturmgeschütz IV
Sturmpanzer I Bison
Sturmpanzer II
Sturmpanzer 38(t) H
Sturmpanzer 38(t) K
Sturmpanzer IV Brummbär
Sturmpanzer VI Sturmtiger
Stormartillerivagn m/43
Infanterikanonvagn 72
Infanterikanonvagn 73
Infanterikanonvagn 102
Infanterikanonvagn 103
Infanterikanonvagn 91

Assault gun (from Sturmgeschütz - "storm gun", as in "storming/assaulting") is a type of self-propelled artillery which uses an infantry support gun mounted on a motorized chassis, normally an armored fighting vehicle, which are designed to provide direct fire support for infantry attacks, especially against other infantry or fortified positions.

BM-13 Katyusha multiple rocket launcher, based on a ZIS-6 truck.

Katyusha rocket launcher

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Type of rocket artillery first built and fielded by the Soviet Union in World War II.

Type of rocket artillery first built and fielded by the Soviet Union in World War II.

BM-13 Katyusha multiple rocket launcher, based on a ZIS-6 truck.
BM-13 Katyusha multiple rocket launcher, based on a ZIS-6 truck.
A battery of Katyusha launchers fires at German forces during the Battle of Stalingrad, 6 October 1942
BM-13N Katyusha on a Lend-Lease Studebaker US6 2 1⁄2-ton 6×6 truck, at the Museum of the Great Patriotic War, Moscow (2006)
BM-31-12 on ZIS-12 at the Museum (Diorama) on Sapun Mountain, Sevastopol
Katyusha on a ZIL-157 truck
Reloading a BM-13
An M13 rocket for the Katyusha launcher on display in Musée de l'Armée.
The German 8 cm Raketen-Vielfachwerfer was based on the Katyusha
Russian forces use BM-27 Uragan rocket launchers during the Second Chechen War

The Katyushas of World War II, the first self-propelled artillery mass-produced by the Soviet Union, were usually mounted on ordinary trucks.

A Sexton on display at the Dutch Cavalry Museum in 2013

Sexton (artillery)

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A Sexton on display at the Dutch Cavalry Museum in 2013
A Sexton self-propelled gun of the 147th (Essex Yeomanry) Field Regiment in 1944.
Sexton self propelled gun S287181 Beau Brummel.

The 25pdr SP, tracked, Sexton was a Canadian-designed self-propelled artillery vehicle of the Second World War.

Clockwise from the top: The road to Bapaume in the aftermath of the Battle of the Somme, 1916

British Mark V tanks crossing the Hindenburg Line, 1918

 sinking after hitting a mine in the Dardanelles, 1915

A British Vickers machine gun crew wearing gas masks during the Battle of the Somme, 1916

German Albatros D.III biplane fighters near Douai, France, 1917

World War I

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World War I or the First World War, often abbreviated as WWI or WW1, began on 28 July 1914 and ended on 11 November 1918.

World War I or the First World War, often abbreviated as WWI or WW1, began on 28 July 1914 and ended on 11 November 1918.

Clockwise from the top: The road to Bapaume in the aftermath of the Battle of the Somme, 1916

British Mark V tanks crossing the Hindenburg Line, 1918

 sinking after hitting a mine in the Dardanelles, 1915

A British Vickers machine gun crew wearing gas masks during the Battle of the Somme, 1916

German Albatros D.III biplane fighters near Douai, France, 1917
Rival military coalitions in 1914: Triple Entente in green; Triple Alliance in brown. Only the Triple Alliance was a formal "alliance"; the others listed were informal patterns of support.
, a, Germany's first response to the British Dreadnought
Sarajevo citizens reading a poster with the proclamation of the Austrian annexation in 1908
Traditionally thought to show the arrest of Gavrilo Princip (right), historians now believe this photo depicts an innocent bystander, Ferdinand Behr
Crowds on the streets in the aftermath of the anti-Serb riots in Sarajevo, 29 June 1914
Ethno-linguistic map of Austria-Hungary, 1910. Bosnia-Herzegovina was annexed in 1908.
Cheering crowds in London and Paris on the day war was declared.
Serbian Army Blériot XI "Oluj", 1915
German soldiers on the way to the front in 1914; at this stage, all sides expected the conflict to be a short one.
French bayonet charge during the Battle of the Frontiers; by the end of August, French casualties exceeded 260,000, including 75,000 dead.
World empires and colonies around 1914
The British Indian infantry divisions were withdrawn from France in December 1915, and sent to Mesopotamia.
Trenches of the 11th Cheshire Regiment at Ovillers-la-Boisselle, on the Somme, July 1916
Royal Irish Rifles in a communications trench, first day on the Somme, 1916
Dead German soldiers at Somme 1916
King George V (front left) and a group of officials inspect a British munitions factory in 1917.
Battleships of the Hochseeflotte, 1917
U-155 exhibited near Tower Bridge in London, after the 1918 Armistice
Refugee transport from Serbia in Leibnitz, Styria, 1914
Bulgarian soldiers in a trench, preparing to fire against an incoming aeroplane
Austro-Hungarian troops executing captured Serbians, 1917. Serbia lost about 850,000 people during the war, a quarter of its pre-war population.
Australian troops charging near a Turkish trench during the Gallipoli Campaign
Mehmed V greeting Wilhelm II on his arrival at Constantinople
Kaiser Wilhelm II inspecting Turkish troops of the 15th Corps in East Galicia, Austria-Hungary (now Poland). Prince Leopold of Bavaria, the Supreme Commander of the German Army on the Eastern Front, is second from the left.
Russian forest trench at the Battle of Sarikamish, 1914–1915
Isonzo Offensives 1915-1917
Austro-Hungarian trench at 3,850 metres in the Ortler Alps, one of the most challenging fronts of the war
Romanian troops during the Battle of Mărășești, 1917
Emperor Nicholas II and Commander-in-Chief Nikolai Nikolaevich in the captured Przemysl. The Russian Siege of Przemyśl was the longest siege of the war.
"They shall not pass", a phrase typically associated with the defence of Verdun
President Wilson asking Congress to declare war on Germany, 2 April 1917
The Allied Avenue, 1917 painting by Childe Hassam, that depicts Manhattan's Fifth Avenue decorated with flags from Allied nations
French infantry advance on the Chemin des Dames, April 1917
Canadian Corps troops at the Battle of Vimy Ridge, 1917
10.5 cm Feldhaubitze 98/09 and Ottoman artillerymen at Hareira in 1917 before the Southern Palestine offensive
British artillery battery on Mount Scopus in the Battle of Jerusalem, 1917. Foreground, a battery of 16 heavy guns. Background, conical tents and support vehicles.
Ottoman troops during the Mesopotamian campaign
French soldiers under General Gouraud, with machine guns amongst the ruins of a cathedral near the Marne, 1918
British 55th (West Lancashire) Division soldiers blinded by tear gas during the Battle of Estaires, 10 April 1918
Between April and November 1918, the Allies increased their front-line rifle strength while German strength fell by half.
Aerial view of ruins of Vaux-devant-Damloup, France, 1918
16th Bn (Canadian Scottish), advancing during the Battle of the Canal du Nord, 1918
An American major, piloting an observation balloon near the front, 1918
German Revolution, Kiel, 1918
Italian troops reach Trento during the Battle of Vittorio Veneto, 1918. Italy's victory marked the end of the war on the Italian Front and secured the dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
Ferdinand Foch, second from right, pictured outside the carriage in Compiègne after agreeing to the armistice that ended the war there. The carriage was later chosen by Nazi Germany as the symbolic setting of Pétain's June 1940 armistice.
The signing of the Treaty of Versailles in the Hall of Mirrors, Versailles, 28 June 1919, by Sir William Orpen
Greek prime minister Eleftherios Venizelos signing the Treaty of Sèvres
Dissolution of Austria-Hungary after war
Map of territorial changes in Europe after World WarI (as of 1923)
Czechoslovak Legion, Vladivostok, 1918
Transporting Ottoman wounded at Sirkeci
Emergency military hospital during the Spanish flu pandemic, which killed about 675,000 people in the United States alone, Camp Funston, Kansas, 1918
Tanks on parade in London at the end of World War I
A Russian armoured car, 1919
38-cm "Lange Max" of Koekelare (Leugenboom),the biggest gun in the world in 1917
A Canadian soldier with mustard gas burns, c. 1917–1918
British Vickers machine gun, 1917
The
Royal Air Force Sopwith Camel. In April 1917, the average life expectancy of a British pilot on the Western Front was 93 flying hours.
Luftstreitkräfte Fokker Dr.I being inspected by Manfred von Richthofen, also known as the Red Baron.
Mobile radio station in German South West Africa, using a hydrogen balloon to lift the antenna
Austro-Hungarian soldiers executing men and women in Serbia, 1916
HMS Baralong
French soldiers making a gas and flame attack on German trenches in Flanders
Armenians killed during the Armenian Genocide. Image taken from Ambassador Morgenthau's Story, written by Henry Morgenthau Sr. and published in 1918.
German prisoners in a French prison camp during the later part of the war
British prisoners guarded by Ottoman forces after the First Battle of Gaza in 1917
Poster urging women to join the British war effort, published by the Young Women's Christian Association
Bermuda Volunteer Rifle Corps First Contingent in Bermuda, winter 1914–1915, before joining 1 Lincolnshire Regiment in France in June 1915. The dozen remaining after Guedecourt on 25 September 1916, merged with a Second Contingent. The two contingents suffered 75% casualties.
Sackville Street (now O'Connell Street) after the 1916 Easter Rising in Dublin
The Deserter, 1916: Anti-war cartoon depicting Jesus facing a firing squad with soldiers from five European countries
Possible execution at Verdun at the time of the mutinies in 1917. The original French text accompanying this photograph notes, however, that the uniforms are those of 1914–15 and that the execution may be that of a spy at the beginning of the war.
Bolshevik leaders Lenin and Trotsky promised "Peace, Land and Bread" to the impoverished masses
Young men registering for conscription, New York City, 5 June 1917
Military recruitment in Melbourne, Australia, 1914
British volunteer recruits in London, August 1914
1917 political cartoon about the Zimmermann Telegram. The message was intercepted by the British; its publication caused outrage and contributed to the U.S. entry into World War I.
The Italian Redipuglia War Memorial, which contains the remains of 100,187 soldiers
A typical village war memorial to soldiers killed in World War I
A 1919 book for veterans, from the US War Department
Poster showing women workers, 1915
War memorial to soldiers of the 49th Bengalee Regiment (Bangali Platoon) in Kolkata, India, who died in the war.

Lacking tanks or motorised artillery, the Germans were unable to consolidate their gains.

Bishop in the Western Desert, September 1942

Bishop (artillery)

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Bishop in the Western Desert, September 1942
A Bishop deployed on an earth ramp at a former German airfield in Sicily, October 1943.

The Bishop was a British self-propelled gun vehicle based on the Valentine tank and armed with the 25 pounder gun-howitzer, which could fire an 87.6 mm 11.5 kg HE shell or an armour-piercing shell.

M7 preserved at Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland

M7 Priest

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M7 preserved at Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland
M7 Priest passes by a Humber Scout Car as it moves into position to support an attack on Caen, 8 July 1944.
M7 at the Tank Museum Brussels (Belgium)
Howitzer Motor Carriage M7 in Korea (1951)

The 105 mm Howitzer Motor Carriage M7 was an American self-propelled gun vehicle produced during World War II.

T5E1 4.2inch mortar carrier variant of the M3 Scout Car.

Mortar carrier

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T5E1 4.2inch mortar carrier variant of the M3 Scout Car.
Interior of an IDF M113 mortar carrier
An American M1129 Mortar Carrier
Czechoslovak self-propelled automatic mortar ShM vz.85 PRÁM-S produced by Konštrukta in Trenčín (Slovakia).
Brandt Mle CM60A1 gun-mortar in the turret of a Panhard AML-60.

A mortar carrier, or self-propelled mortar, is a self-propelled artillery piece in which a mortar is the primary weapon.