A report on Semiotics

Color-coding hot- and cold-water faucets (taps) is common in many cultures but, as this example shows, the coding may be rendered meaningless because of context. The two faucets (taps) probably were sold as a coded set, but the code is unusable (and ignored), as there is a single water supply.
Signaling and communication between the Astatotilapia burtoni
Chart semiotics of social networking

Systematic study of sign processes (semiosis) and meaning making.

- Semiotics
Color-coding hot- and cold-water faucets (taps) is common in many cultures but, as this example shows, the coding may be rendered meaningless because of context. The two faucets (taps) probably were sold as a coded set, but the code is unusable (and ignored), as there is a single water supply.

101 related topics with Alpha

Overall

Sign (semiotics)

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In semiotics, a sign is anything that communicates a meaning that is not the sign itself to the interpreter of the sign.

Ferdinand de Saussure

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Ferdinand de Saussure (26 November 1857 – 22 February 1913) was a Swiss linguist, semiotician and philosopher.

Biosemiotics

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Biosemiotics (from the Greek βίος bios, "life" and σημειωτικός sēmeiōtikos, "observant of signs") is a field of semiotics and biology that studies the prelinguistic meaning-making, biological interpretation processes, production of signs and codes and communication processes in the biological realm.

Linguistics

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Scientific study of human language.

Scientific study of human language.

Linguistics is related to philosophy of language, stylistics and rhetorics, semiotics, lexicography, and translation; philology, from which linguistics emerged, is variably described as a related field, a subdiscipline, or to have been superseded altogether.

Thomas Sebeok giving a lecture in Tartu.

Thomas Sebeok

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Thomas Sebeok giving a lecture in Tartu.
Dezső Sebeok and Vera Perlmann and their son Thomas (c. 1924)

Thomas Albert Sebeok (Sebők Tamás, ; 1920–2001) was a Hungarian-born American polymath, semiotician, and linguist.

Structuralism

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General theory of culture and methodology that implies that elements of human culture must be understood by way of their relationship to a broader system.

General theory of culture and methodology that implies that elements of human culture must be understood by way of their relationship to a broader system.

Apart from Durkheim's use of the term structure, the semiological concept of Ferdinand de Saussure became fundamental for structuralism.

Literary theory

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Systematic study of the nature of literature and of the methods for literary analysis.

Systematic study of the nature of literature and of the methods for literary analysis.

Consequently, the word theory became an umbrella term for scholarly approaches to reading texts, some of which are informed by strands of semiotics, cultural studies, philosophy of language, and continental philosophy.

Bust of Juri Lotman by Lev Razumovsky, 1980

Juri Lotman

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Bust of Juri Lotman by Lev Razumovsky, 1980

Juri Lotman (Ю́рий Миха́йлович Ло́тман; 28 February 1922 – 28 October 1993) was a prominent Russian-Estonian literary scholar, semiotician, and historian of Russian culture, who worked at the University of Tartu.

Jacques Derrida

Jacques Derrida

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Algerian-born French philosopher best known for developing a philosophical approach that came to be known as deconstruction, an approach he utilized in numerous texts, and which was developed through close readings of the linguistics of Ferdinand de Saussure and Husserlian and Heideggerian phenomenology.

Algerian-born French philosopher best known for developing a philosophical approach that came to be known as deconstruction, an approach he utilized in numerous texts, and which was developed through close readings of the linguistics of Ferdinand de Saussure and Husserlian and Heideggerian phenomenology.

Jacques Derrida

This approach to text is, in a broad sense, influenced by the semiology of Ferdinand de Saussure.

Charles Sanders Peirce

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American philosopher, logician, mathematician and scientist who is sometimes known as "the father of pragmatism".

American philosopher, logician, mathematician and scientist who is sometimes known as "the father of pragmatism".

Peirce's birthplace. Now part of Lesley University's Graduate School of Arts and Social Sciences.
Arisbe in 2011
Cambridge, where Peirce was born and raised, New York City, where he often visited and sometimes lived, and Milford, where he spent the later years of his life with his second wife Juliette
Juliette and Charles by a well at their home Arisbe in 1907
Charles and Juliette Peirce's grave
"The World on a Quincuncial Projection", 1879. Peirce’s projection of a sphere onto a square keeps angles true except at four isolated points on the equator, and has less scale variation than the Mercator projection. It can be tessellated; that is, multiple copies can be joined together continuously edge-to-edge.
Existential graphs: Alpha graphs
Charles Sanders Peirce in 1859

He saw logic as the formal branch of semiotics, of which he is a founder, which foreshadowed the debate among logical positivists and proponents of philosophy of language that dominated 20th-century Western philosophy.