Senegal

🇸🇳SENSenegaleseRepublic of SenegalSenagaleseSNSénégal Senegal culture of SenegalDiattouma, Senegal
Senegal ( Sénégal), officially the Republic of Senegal (République du Sénégal), is a country in West Africa.wikipedia
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The Gambia

Gambia🇬🇲Gambian
Senegal also borders The Gambia, a country occupying a narrow sliver of land along the banks of the Gambia River, which separates Senegal's southern region of Casamance from the rest of the country.
The Gambia, officially the Republic of The Gambia, is a country in West Africa that is almost entirely surrounded by Senegal with the exception of its western coastline along the Atlantic Ocean.

Mauritania

🇲🇷MauritaneanMauritanian
Senegal is bordered by Mauritania in the north, Mali to the east, Guinea to the southeast, and Guinea-Bissau to the southwest.
It is the eleventh largest sovereign state in Africa and is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Western Sahara to the north and northwest, Algeria to the northeast, Mali to the east and southeast, and Senegal to the southwest.

West Africa

Westwestern AfricaWestern
Senegal ( Sénégal), officially the Republic of Senegal (République du Sénégal), is a country in West Africa.
The United Nations defines Western Africa as the 16 countries of Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, the Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone and Togo, as well as the United Kingdom Overseas Territory of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha.

Dakar

Dakar, SenegalDakar, Africa(Dakar)
Senegal's economic and political capital is Dakar.
Dakar (Ndakaaru) is the capital and largest city of Senegal.

Mali

🇲🇱MLIMalian
Senegal is bordered by Mauritania in the north, Mali to the east, Guinea to the southeast, and Guinea-Bissau to the southwest.
French Sudan (then known as the Sudanese Republic) joined with Senegal in 1959, achieving independence in 1960 as the Mali Federation.

Senegal River

SenegalSénégal River AreaSénégal
The unitary semi-presidential republic is the westernmost country in the mainland of the Old World, or Afro-Eurasia, and owes its name to the Senegal River, which borders it to the east and north.
The Senegal River (نهر السنغال, Fleuve Sénégal) is a 1086 km long river in West Africa that forms the border between Senegal and Mauritania.

Wolof language

WolofwolClassical Wolof
The name "Senegal" comes from the Wolof "Sunuu Gaal", which means "Our Boat".
Wolof is a language of Senegal, the Gambia and Mauritania, and the native language of the Wolof people.

Casamance

Casamance riverDiannah-MalariJolaland
Senegal also borders The Gambia, a country occupying a narrow sliver of land along the banks of the Gambia River, which separates Senegal's southern region of Casamance from the rest of the country.
Casamance (Wolof and Kasamansa; Casamance ; Casamansa ) is the area of Senegal south of the Gambia including the Casamance River.

Cape Verde

🇨🇻Cape Verde IslandsCabo Verde
Senegal also shares a maritime border with Cape Verde.
The name of the country stems from the nearby Cap-Vert, on the Senegalese coast.

Jolof Empire

JolofWolofJolof / Wolof Empire
Organized kingdoms emerged around the seventh century, and parts of the country were ruled by prominent regional empires such as the Jolof Empire.
The Jolof Empire (Djolof or Diolof), also known as the Wolof or Wollof Empire, was a West African state that ruled parts of Senegal from 1350 to 1549.

Sahel

the SahelSahel regionSahelian
The climate is typically Sahelian, though there is a rainy season.
The Sahel part of Africa includes (from west to east) parts of northern Senegal, southern Mauritania, central Mali, northern Burkina Faso, the extreme south of Algeria, Niger, the extreme north of Nigeria, central Chad, central and southern Sudan, the extreme north of South Sudan, Eritrea, Cameroon, Central African Republic and the extreme north of Ethiopia.

Serer language

SererSerer-Sine languageSerer proper
Probably from a Portuguese transliteration of the name of the Zenaga also known as the Sanhaja, or a combination of the supreme deity in (Rog Sene) and o gal meaning body of water in the Serer language.
Serer, often broken into differing regional dialects such as Serer-Sine and Serer saloum, is a language of the Senegambian branch of Niger–Congo spoken by 1.2 million people in Senegal and 30,000 in the Gambia.

Macky Sall

President Macky SallSall, Macky
Since April 2012, Senegal's president has been Macky Sall.
Macky Sall (born 11 December 1961 ) is a Senegalese politician who has been President of Senegal since April 2012.

Gambia River

GambiaRiver Gambiathe Gambia
Senegal also borders The Gambia, a country occupying a narrow sliver of land along the banks of the Gambia River, which separates Senegal's southern region of Casamance from the rest of the country.
The Gambia River (formerly known as the River Gambra) is a major river in West Africa, running 1120 km from the Fouta Djallon plateau in north Guinea westward through Senegal and the Gambia to the Atlantic Ocean at the city of Banjul.

Soninke people

SoninkeSoninkéSonike
Islam was introduced through Toucouleur and Soninke contact with the Almoravid dynasty of the Maghreb, who in turn propagated it with the help of the Almoravids, and Toucouleur allies.
The Soninke (also called Sarakole, Seraculeh, or Serahuli) are a West African ethnic group found in eastern Senegal and its capital Dakar, northwestern Mali and Foute Djalon in Guinea, and southern Mauritania.

Bambouk

Bambougou
In the 14th century the Jolof Empire grew more powerful, having united Cayor and the kingdoms of Baol, Sine, Saloum, Waalo, Futa Tooro and Bambouk, or much of present-day West Africa.
Bambouk (sometimes Bambuk or Bambuhu) is a traditional name for the territory in eastern Senegal and western Mali, encompassing the Bambouk Mountains on its eastern edge, the valley of the Faleme River and the hilly country to the east of the river valley.

Zenaga language

ZenagazenZenaga-Berber
Probably from a Portuguese transliteration of the name of the Zenaga also known as the Sanhaja, or a combination of the supreme deity in (Rog Sene) and o gal meaning body of water in the Serer language.
Zenaga (autonym: Tuḍḍungiyya) is a moribund Berber language spoken from the town of Mederdra in southwestern Mauritania to the Atlantic coast and in Senegal.

Gorée

Gorée IslandÎle de Goréeisland of Gorée
In 1677, France gained control of what had become a minor departure point in the Atlantic slave trade—the island of Gorée next to modern Dakar, used as a base to purchase slaves from the warring chiefdoms on the mainland.
Île de Gorée ("Gorée Island") is one of the 19 communes d'arrondissement (i.e. districts) of the city of Dakar, Senegal.

Louis Faidherbe

FaidherbeGeneral Faidherbegénéral Faidherbe
French colonists progressively invaded and took over all the kingdoms except Sine and Saloum under Governor Louis Faidherbe.
He created the Senegalese Tirailleurs when he was governor of Senegal.

Cayor

KajoorKayorKingdom of Cayor
In the 14th century the Jolof Empire grew more powerful, having united Cayor and the kingdoms of Baol, Sine, Saloum, Waalo, Futa Tooro and Bambouk, or much of present-day West Africa.
Cayor (Kajoor; Cayor) was the largest and most powerful kingdom (1549–1879) that split off from the Jolof Empire in what is now Senegal.

Waalo

Waalo KingdomOualoWala
In the 14th century the Jolof Empire grew more powerful, having united Cayor and the kingdoms of Baol, Sine, Saloum, Waalo, Futa Tooro and Bambouk, or much of present-day West Africa.
Walo (Waalo) was a kingdom on the lower Senegal River in West Africa, in what are now Senegal and Mauritania.

Serer people

SererSerersSereer
The empire was founded by Ndiadiane Ndiaye, a part Serer and part Toucouleur, who was able to form a coalition with many ethnicities, but collapsed around 1549 with the defeat and killing of Lele Fouli Fak by Amari Ngone Sobel Fall.
The Serer people are primarily found in contemporary Senegal, particularly in the west-central part of the country, running from the southern edge of Dakar to the Gambian border.

Baol

Kingdom of BaolBawol
In the 14th century the Jolof Empire grew more powerful, having united Cayor and the kingdoms of Baol, Sine, Saloum, Waalo, Futa Tooro and Bambouk, or much of present-day West Africa.
The Kingdom of Baol or Bawol in central Senegal was one of the kingdoms that arose from the split-up of the Empire of Jolof (Diolof) in 1555.

Maad a Sinig Kumba Ndoffene Famak Joof

Kumba Ndoffene Famak Joof
Senegalese resistance to the French expansion and curtailing of their lucrative slave trade was led in part by Lat-Dior, Damel of Cayor, and Maad a Sinig Kumba Ndoffene Famak Joof, the Maad a Sinig of Sine, resulting in the Battle of Logandème.
Maad a Signig Kumba Ndoffene Famak Joof (variations : Mad a Sinig Kumba Ndoffene Famak Joof, Mad a Sinig Coumba Ndoffène Fa mak Diouf, Coumba N'Doffène Diouf, Coumba N'Doffène Diouf I, Maat Sine Kumba Ndoffene Famak Joof, etc. - c. 1810 – 23 August 1871 ) was the King of Sine in modern-day Senegal.

Kingdom of Sine

SineHoly Sine
In the 14th century the Jolof Empire grew more powerful, having united Cayor and the kingdoms of Baol, Sine, Saloum, Waalo, Futa Tooro and Bambouk, or much of present-day West Africa.
The Kingdom of Sine (also: Sin, Siine or Siin in Serer-Sine language) was a pre-colonial Serer kingdom along the north bank of the Saloum River delta in modern Senegal.