Senning procedure

SenningSenning operation
Senning procedure is an atrial switch heart operation performed to treat transposition of the great arteries.wikipedia
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Åke Senning

It is named after its inventor, the Swedish cardiac surgeon Åke Senning (1915–2000), also known for implanting the first permanent cardiac pacemaker in 1958.
Åke Senning (14 September 1915 — 21 July 2000) was a pioneering Swedish cardiac surgeon, who implanted the first human implantable cardiac pacemaker in 1958, invented the Senning operation, and contributed to many other advances.

Atrial switch

Senning procedure is an atrial switch heart operation performed to treat transposition of the great arteries.
Two variants of the atrial switch operation exist - the Senning procedure which uses the patient's own tissue (pericardium) to construct the baffle, and the Mustard procedure, which uses a synthetic material.

Arterial switch operation

arterial switchJatene operation
Currently, the arterial switch or Jatene procedure is the preferred surgical corrective method.
Use of the arterial switch is historically preceded by two atrial switch methods: the Senning and Mustard procedures.

Mustard procedure

Mustard cardiovascular procedureMustardMustard surgical procedure
In 1963, Mustard described an alternative technique, the Mustard procedure, in which the atrial septum is excised, and the atrial baffle is created by the placement of a single elephant trunk-shaped patch made of pericardial tissue.
Dr. Mustard, with support from the Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada, developed an alternative and simplified technique to the Senning procedure which was used to correct a congenital heart defect that produced “blue babies”.

Transposition of the great vessels

transposition of the great arteriestransposition of great vesselsransposition of the great arteries
Senning procedure is an atrial switch heart operation performed to treat transposition of the great arteries.

Artificial cardiac pacemaker

pacemakerpacemakersartificial pacemaker
It is named after its inventor, the Swedish cardiac surgeon Åke Senning (1915–2000), also known for implanting the first permanent cardiac pacemaker in 1958.

Cardiopulmonary bypass

heart-lung machineheart-lung machinesheart–lung machine
This procedure, a form of atrial switch, was developed and first performed by Senning in 1957 as a treatment for d-TGA (dextro-Transposition of the great arteries) before improvements in cardiopulmonary bypass made more curative surgical techniques feasible.

Levo-Transposition of the great arteries

l-TGAlevo-TGA
Thus, d-TGA is not to be confused with l-TGA, where there is both atrioventricular and ventriculoarterial discordance.

Ventricular septal defect

hole in the heartVSDventricular
A major factor affecting long term morbidity and mortality is the coexistence of a ventricular septal defect (VSD).

Cardiology

cardiologistcardiologistscardiovascular medicine
A permanent fix is more complicated and involves redirecting the pulmonary return to the right atrium and the systemic return to the left atrium, which is known as the Senning procedure.