Septuagint manuscripts

Lower part of col. 18 (according to the reconstruction by E. Tov) of the Greek Minor Prophets Scroll from Nahal Hever containing verses from Habakkuk. The arrow points at the tetragrammaton in paleo-Hebrew script.

The Septuagint (LXX), the ancient (first centuries BC) Alexandrian translation of Jewish scriptures into Koine Greek exists in various manuscript versions.

- Septuagint manuscripts

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Leviticus 18

Leviticus 18 (the eighteenth chapter of the Book of Leviticus) deals with a number of sexual activities considered abominable, including incest, bestiality, and homosexuality (or sodomy).

Vaikro – Book of Leviticus, Warsaw edition, 1860, page 1

In ancient Greek translations of the Hebrew Bible, generally known as Septuagint, which serve as important references to trace the original form and meaning of the text, Leviticus 18:22 is usually rendered as follows:

Syriac Sinaiticus

The Syriac Sinaiticus or Codex Sinaiticus Syriacus (syrs), known also as the Sinaitic Palimpsest, of Saint Catherine's Monastery (Sinai, Syr.

Syriac Sinaiticus, folio 82b, Gospel of Matthew 1:1-17. Superimposed, life of Saint Euphrosyne.
John 5:46–6:11.
Matthew 15:12–27.

Even so, syrs retains some readings from even earlier lost Syriac Gospels and from the 2nd-century Septuagint manuscripts, which brought the four Gospels into harmony with one another through selective readings and emendations.

Papyrus Oxyrhynchus 846

Papyrus Oxyrhynchus 846 (''P. Oxy.

POxy VI 846: Amos 2 (LXX)

It has been numbered as 906 in the list of Septuagint manuscripts according to classification by Alfreda Rahlfs.

Codex Chisianus 45

Pope Sixtus IV Appoints Bartolomeo Platina Prefect of the Vatican Library, fresco by Melozzo da Forlì, 1477, now in the Vatican Museums

Codex Chisianus 45 (also Codex Chigianus 45; Vatican Library, Chigi R. VII 45; numbered 88 in Rahlfs Septuagint manuscripts, 87 in Field's Hexapla ) is a 10th-century biblical manuscript, first edited in 1772.

Apostolic Bible Polyglot

Bible translation by Charles VanderPool.

The Gutenberg Bible, the first printed Bible (mid-15th century)

As various manuscripts become available, these will also be compared with the text of the Apostolic Bible, and changes may be made.

Papyrus Oxyrhynchus 1007

Papyrus Oxyrhynchus 1007 (also known as LXXP.Oxy.VII.1007; '''P.Oxy.


199; TM 61956; LDAB 3113''') is a fragment of a Septuagint manuscript (LXX) written in two columns on a parchment codex.

Ambrosiano O 39 sup.

Manuscript of the Hexapla of Origen dated to the late ninth century C.E. written in a codex form.

Presence of the name YHWH in the Ambrosiano O39 sup.

The manuscript is designated with the number 1098 in the list of the septuagint manuscripts as the classification of Alfred Rahlfs.

Papyrus Oxyrhynchus 5101

Papyrus Oxyrhynchus 5101, designated P.Oxy.LXXVII 5101 (LDAB 140272; Rahlfs 2227) contains fragments of a manuscript in Koine Greek of the Septuagint (LXX), written on papyrus in roll form.

The Papyrus Oxyrhynchus 5101

The manuscript has been given an Alfred Rahlfs number of 2227 in the list of the manuscripts of the Septuagint.

Papyrus Berlin 17213

Koine Greek fragment of the Septuagint dated to the 3rd century CE.

Fragment of a Septuagint: A column of uncial book from 1 Esdras in the Codex Vaticanus c. 325–350 CE, the basis of Sir Lancelot Charles Lee Brenton's Greek edition and English translation

This fragment is also referred to as number 995 on the list of the manuscripts of the Septuagint according to the classification of Alfred Rahlfs.

Papyrus Oxyrhynchus 656

A fragment of Genesis.

Papyrus Oxyrhynchus 656 (abbreviated as P.Oxy.IV 656, VH 13, LBAD 3094, or Rahlfs 905) – is a Greek fragment of a Septuagint manuscript written on papyrus in codex form.