Settler colonialism

settler coloniescolonizationsettler colonysettlerssettlementsettler colonialistcolonialismcolonistsmilitia-settlerssettler colonial
Settler colonialism is a form of colonialism which seeks to replace the original population of the colonized territory with a new society of settlers.wikipedia
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Colonialism

colonialcolonial powerscolonialist
Settler colonialism is a form of colonialism which seeks to replace the original population of the colonized territory with a new society of settlers.

American Indian Movement

AIMAmerican IndianAmerican Indian Movement (AIM)
While both policies were officially (in the case of termination) and unofficially (relocation) ended by the early 1970s, they had the effect of creating a large population of Native American urban populations, and the unintended side effect of giving rise to increased political awareness among Native Americans, leading to the creation of organizations such as the American Indian Movement.
A.I.M. soon widened its focus from urban issues to include many Indigenous Tribal issues that Native American groups have faced due to settler colonialism of the Americas, such as treaty rights, high rates of unemployment, education, cultural continuity, and preservation of Indigenous cultures.

Racism

racistracial prejudiceracial discrimination
However, the colonizing authority generally views the settlers as racially superior to the previous inhabitants, which may give settlers’ social movements and political demands greater legitimacy than those of colonized peoples in the eyes of the home colonies, whereas natural and human resources are the main motivation behind other forms of colonialism.
State racism – that is, the institutions and practices of a nation-state that are grounded in racist ideology – has played a major role in all instances of settler colonialism, from the United States to Australia.

Lebensraum

living spaceAltreichacquisition of territory
The German concept of Lebensraum (, "living space") comprises policies and practices of settler colonialism which proliferated in Germany from the 1890s to the 1940s.

Analysis of Western European colonialism and colonization

Impact of Western European colonialism and colonisationEuropean colonial ruleWestern European colonialism and colonization
Historians generally distinguish two main varieties established by European colonials: settler colonialism, where towns and cities were established with primarily European residents and the amenities of a "Neo-Europe" and exploitation colonialism, purely extractive and exploitative colonies whose primary function was to exploit resources.

Exploitation colonialism

Company rulecolonial exploitationcolonialism
The practice of exploitation colonialism contrasts with settler colonialism, the policy of conquering a country to establish a branch of the metropole (motherland).

Susan Pedersen (historian)

Susan Pedersen
Pedersen focuses on 19th and 20th century British history, women's history, settler colonialism, and the history of international institutions.

Transmigration program

transmigrationtransmigrantstransmigrasi
After 1960 the settlement program turned the Moro Muslims into a minority from their previous majority in Mindanao, similar to what happened in the Indonesian Transmigration program where frontier areas are settled with ethnic Madurese and Javanese people.

Imperialism

imperialistimperialisticimperial
As with all forms of colonialism, it is based on exogenous domination, typically organized or supported by an imperial authority.

Population decline

depopulationdepopulatedpopulation loss
Settler colonialism is enacted by a variety of means ranging from violent depopulation of the previous inhabitants, to more subtle, legal means such as assimilation or recognition of indigenous identity within a colonial framework.

Cultural assimilation

assimilationassimilatedassimilate
Settler colonialism is enacted by a variety of means ranging from violent depopulation of the previous inhabitants, to more subtle, legal means such as assimilation or recognition of indigenous identity within a colonial framework.

Metropole

metropolitanMetrópolemother country
However, the colonizing authority generally views the settlers as racially superior to the previous inhabitants, which may give settlers’ social movements and political demands greater legitimacy than those of colonized peoples in the eyes of the home colonies, whereas natural and human resources are the main motivation behind other forms of colonialism.

Natural resource

natural resourcesresourcesmineral resources
However, the colonizing authority generally views the settlers as racially superior to the previous inhabitants, which may give settlers’ social movements and political demands greater legitimacy than those of colonized peoples in the eyes of the home colonies, whereas natural and human resources are the main motivation behind other forms of colonialism.

Human resources

HRmanpowerhuman resource
However, the colonizing authority generally views the settlers as racially superior to the previous inhabitants, which may give settlers’ social movements and political demands greater legitimacy than those of colonized peoples in the eyes of the home colonies, whereas natural and human resources are the main motivation behind other forms of colonialism.

Decolonization

decolonisationdecolonizeddecolonize
Normal colonialism typically ends eventually, whereas settler colonialism lasts indefinitely, except in the rare event of complete evacuation or settler decolonization.

Indigenous peoples

indigenousindigenous peopleaboriginal
Transnational and global studies of settler colonialism often give more importance to the histories of British emigrants rather than the indigenous peoples that were displaced.

Australia

AUSAustralianCommonwealth of Australia
Legal proceedings in Australia and Canada have challenged settler rights, highlighting the lasting effects of colonial takeover, and the continued displacement of Indigenous peoples at the start of the twenty-first century.

Canada

CanadianCANCanadians
Legal proceedings in Australia and Canada have challenged settler rights, highlighting the lasting effects of colonial takeover, and the continued displacement of Indigenous peoples at the start of the twenty-first century.

Miletus

MilesianMiletosMilesians
Miletus, an Ionian Greek city-state on the Western shore of Anatolia, was a rich polis that was considered to be greatest Greek metropolis.

Pliny the Elder

PlinyPlin.Plinius
Pliny the Elder, in his book Natural History, credits Miletus with founding over 90 colonies, including Sinope in the Black Sea.

Natural History (Pliny)

Natural HistoryNaturalis HistoriaHistoria Naturalis
Pliny the Elder, in his book Natural History, credits Miletus with founding over 90 colonies, including Sinope in the Black Sea.

Sinop, Turkey

SinopSinopeBlack Sea
Pliny the Elder, in his book Natural History, credits Miletus with founding over 90 colonies, including Sinope in the Black Sea.

Hittites

HittiteHittite EmpireHatti
Sinope itself founded several Greek colonies in the Black Sea region and flourished in its own right, but the site of Sinope was once a Hittite port called Sinuwa before being colonized by the Greeks.