Sex trafficking

traffickingsex traffickerssex-traffickingtraffickedsex culthuman traffickingsex tradechild sex ringlured into prostitutionprostitution
Sex trafficking is human trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation, including sexual slavery.wikipedia
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Procuring (prostitution)

pimppimpingmadam
In pimp-controlled trafficking, the victim is controlled by a single trafficker, sometimes called a pimp.

Migrant prostitution

Migrant sex workwoman migrating for work
Also, some (migrating) prostitutes (See: migrant sex work) can become victims of human trafficking because the women know they will be working as prostitutes; however, they are given an inaccurate description by their "boss" of the circumstances.
Migrant prostitutes have also been at the center of complex discussions over the legality of prostitution, the differentiation or conflation of sex work from sex trafficking, and responses from national governments and non-governmental organizations over the regulation of sex work and the provision of services for victims of sex trafficking.

Human trafficking

traffickingtrafficking in personstrafficked
Sex trafficking is human trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation, including sexual slavery.
Complementary protection against sex trafficking of children is ensured through the Council of Europe [[Convention on the Protection of Children against Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse]] (signed in Lanzarote, 25 October 2007).

International Justice Mission

IJMInternational Justice Mission (IJM)
One major NGO is the International Justice Mission (IJM).
IJM works to combat sex trafficking, child sexual assault, cybersex trafficking, forced labor slavery, property grabbing, and police abuse of power, and addresses citizenship rights of minorities.

Sexual slavery

sexual exploitationsex slavewhite slavery
Sex trafficking is human trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation, including sexual slavery.
This includes forced labor, reducing a person to a servile status (including forced marriage) and sex trafficking persons, such as the sexual trafficking of children.

Sex tourism

sex touristssex touristsexual tourism
When the sexual activity involves children, is non-consensual or involves sex trafficking, it is often illegal, both in the destination country and in the individual's home country.

Prostitution

prostituteprostituteswhore
Some view prostitution as a form of exploitation of or violence against women, and children, that helps to create a supply of victims for human trafficking.

Forced prostitution

commercial sexual exploitationforced into prostitutionenforced prostitution
The lack of rehabilitation given to women after experiences with human sex trafficking contributes to the cycles of arrests that most woman who engage in prostitution face.

Prostitution in Sweden

Swedish modelSwedenSwedish approach
The Dutch model of legalization and regulation and the Swedish model of criminalizing purchasers and pimps but not prostitutes are often discussed.
Sweden is a destination and, to a lesser extent, source and transit country for women and children subjected to sex trafficking.

International Labour Organization

ILOInternational Labour OfficeInternational Labor Organization
In 2012 the International Labour Organization, reported 20.9 million people were subjected to forced labour, and 22% (4.5 million) are victims of forced sexual exploitation.

Feminist views on prostitution

prostitutionanti-prostitutionanti-prostitution activism
Feminist scholars in the abolitionist discourse argue that all prostitution is coerced due to the prevalence of Compulsory heterosexuality and social and economic pressures stemming from Neoliberalism and patriarchy.

Compulsory heterosexuality

compulsoryheterosexual sexual relationsinstitution imposed
Feminist scholars in the abolitionist discourse argue that all prostitution is coerced due to the prevalence of Compulsory heterosexuality and social and economic pressures stemming from Neoliberalism and patriarchy.

Neoliberalism

neoliberalneo-liberalneo-liberalism
Feminist scholars in the abolitionist discourse argue that all prostitution is coerced due to the prevalence of Compulsory heterosexuality and social and economic pressures stemming from Neoliberalism and patriarchy.

Patriarchy

patriarchalpatriarchal societypatriarch
Feminist scholars in the abolitionist discourse argue that all prostitution is coerced due to the prevalence of Compulsory heterosexuality and social and economic pressures stemming from Neoliberalism and patriarchy.

Au pair

au-pairAu pairsaupair
The main types of work offered are in the catering and hotel industry, in bars and clubs, modeling contracts, or au pair work.

Stockholm syndrome

Lima syndromeidentification with the aggressora savior
Sometimes, the victims will succumb to the Stockholm syndrome because their captors will pretend to "love" and "need" them, even going so far as promise marriage and future stability.

ECPAT International

ECPATECPAT UKBeyond Borders
According to ECPAT, "Child trafficking for forced marriage is simply another manifestation of trafficking and is not restricted to particular nationalities or countries".

Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000

Trafficking Victims Protection ActVictims of Trafficking and Violence Protection ActTrafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000
Minors involved in survival sex meet the federal definition of sex trafficking according to the Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000.

Globalization

globalisationglobalizedglobal
Matusek also argues this point, noting that globalization spreads power hierarchies while spreading economic policy.

Hegemonic masculinity

toxic masculinityanxiety among menhegemonic
These ideas concern hegemonic masculinity, which Nikovic-Ristanovic defines as the hyper sexuality of men and the submissiveness or passivity of women and girls.

Debt bondage

bonded labourbonded labordebt slavery
Strict immigration laws are also cited by Tiefenbrun as a key factor in individuals entering sex trafficking because women will agree to debt bondages and sex traffickers’ incentives in order to flee their social and economic realities.

Capitalism

capitalistcapitalistscapitalistic
Siddharth Kara argues that globalization and the spread of Western Capitalism drive inequality and rural poverty, which are the material causes for sex trafficking.

Structural adjustment

Structural Adjustment Programstructural adjustment programsStructural Adjustment Programme
Duong cites structural adjustment programs (SAPs), an aspect of development policies in the globalization of neoliberalism, as a cause for women's poverty, unemployment, and low wages which promote migration.

Feminization of poverty

Feminisation of povertyFeminization of poverty in Moroccodisproportionately female
This is known as the feminization of poverty.