Sexual objectification

sex objectobjectification of womensexual objectsobjectificationsex objectssexual objectsexual objectification of womenobjectifiedobjectifyingdeobjectified
Sexual objectification is the act of treating a person as a mere object of sexual desire.wikipedia
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Objectification

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Objectification more broadly means treating a person as a commodity or an object without regard to their personality or dignity.
Sexual objectification, the act of treating a person as a mere object of sexual desire, is a subset of objectification, as is self-objectification, the objectification of one's self.

Dehumanization

dehumanizingdehumanizeddehumanisation
Objectification is most commonly examined at the level of a society, but can also refer to the behavior of individuals and is a type of dehumanization.
Fredrickson and Roberts argued that the sexual objectification of women extends beyond pornography (which emphasizes women's bodies over their uniquely human mental and emotional characteristics) to society generally.

Sexualization

sexualizedsexualisationsexualize
While some women see such behaviour as a form of empowerment, Levy contends that it has led to greater emphasis on a physical criterion or sexualization for women's perceived self-worth, which Levy calls "raunch culture".
Sexualization is linked to sexual objectification.

Radical feminism

radical feministradical feministsradical
Some feminists such as Naomi Wolf find the concept of physical attractiveness itself to be problematic, with some radical feminists being opposed to any evaluation of another person's sexual attractiveness based on physical characteristics.
This includes opposing the sexual objectification of women, raising public awareness about such issues as rape and violence against women, and challenging the concept of gender roles.

Beauty pageant

beauty queenbeauty contestpageant
Although opinions differ as to which situations are objectionable, many see objectification of women taking place in the sexually oriented depictions of women in advertising, art and media, pornography, the occupations of stripping and prostitution, and women being brazenly evaluated or judged sexually or aesthetically in public spaces and events, such as beauty contests.
The London Feminist Network argues that rather than being empowering, beauty pageants do exactly the opposite because they deny the full humanity of women by placing them as the subject of objectification; they reinforce the idea that a woman's only purpose is to look attractive.

Feminism

feministfeministsemancipation of women
Although both males and females can be sexually objectified, the objectification of women is an important idea in many feminist theories and psychological theories derived from them.
Themes explored in feminist theory include discrimination, stereotyping, objectification (especially sexual objectification), oppression, and patriarchy.

Exploitation of women in mass media

exploitation of womenExploitation of women in mediaexploitative
The most often criticized aspect of the use of women in mass media is sexual objectification, but dismemberment can be a part of the objectification as well.

Raunch aesthetics

raunch culture
While some women see such behaviour as a form of empowerment, Levy contends that it has led to greater emphasis on a physical criterion or sexualization for women's perceived self-worth, which Levy calls "raunch culture".
The lyrics are explicitly sexual, portraying soft-core sadomasochist acts and fetishes, and the video portrays Rihanna as a sexual object with very suggestive visuals and imagery.

Rape culture

culture of raperape jokespro-rape
Behaviors commonly associated with rape culture include victim blaming, slut-shaming, sexual objectification, trivializing rape, denial of widespread rape, refusing to acknowledge the harm caused by sexual violence, or some combination of these.

Male gaze

male-gazethe male gazeaggressive gaze
In feminist theory, the male gaze is the act of depicting women and the world, in the visual arts and in literature, from a masculine, heterosexual perspective that presents and represents women as sexual objects for the pleasure of the male viewer.

Clothed female, naked male

clothed female/nude male
Instances where men may be viewed as sex objects by women include advertisements, music videos, films, television shows, beefcake calendars, women's magazines, male strip shows, and clothed female/nude male (CFNM) events.
Feminist authors Christina Hoff Sommers and Naomi Wolf have written that women's sexual liberation has led many women to a role reversal, whereby they view men as sex objects, in a manner similar to what they criticize in men's treatment of women.

Sexuality in music videos

music videosnudity
Instances where men may be viewed as sex objects by women include advertisements, music videos, films, television shows, beefcake calendars, women's magazines, male strip shows, and clothed female/nude male (CFNM) events.

Sexual revolution

sexual liberationsexually liberatedsexual
In their view however, the increase in the sexual objectification of both sexes in Western culture is one of the negative legacies of the sexual revolution.

Stereotype

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Therefore, the theory has been used to explore an array of dependent variables including disordered eating, mental health, depression, motor performance, body image, idealized body type, stereotype formation, sexual perception and sexual typing.
Stereotypes are also common in video games, with women being portrayed as stereotypes such as the "damsel in distress" or as sexual objects (see Gender representation in video games).

Sexual ethics

sexual moralitysexual moressexual morals
These critics, notably Wendy Shalit, advocate a return to pre-sexual revolution standards of sexual morality, which Shalit refers to as a "return to modesty", as an antidote to sexual objectification.

Human furniture

ForniphiliaJeff Gordwomen as furniture
A forniphilic gag is a type of gag that has the primary purpose of sexual objectification or erotic humiliation.

Self-objectification

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Self-objectification can increase in situations which heighten the awareness of an individual's physical appearance.

Himbo

In 2016, Christian Toto criticized the himbo trend as a kind of 'reverse objectification' for men, setting a double standard in which it has become more acceptable for men to be sex objects than women.

Object (philosophy)

objectobjectsthing
Sexual objectification is the act of treating a person as a mere object of sexual desire.

Sexual desire

desiresexual urgessexual motivation
Sexual objectification is the act of treating a person as a mere object of sexual desire.

Commodity

commoditiescommodity pricescommodity good
Objectification more broadly means treating a person as a commodity or an object without regard to their personality or dignity.