Shan language

ShanShan alphabetHkamti Shan languageHkun ShanShan alphabetsShan scriptShan-speakingshnTai Mao languageTai Rong language
The Shan language (Shan written: လိၵ်ႈတႆး, ), Shan spoken: ၵႂၢမ်းတႆး, ), or ၽႃႇသႃႇတႆး, ; ရှမ်းဘာသာ, ; ภาษาไทใหญ่, ) is the native language of the Shan people and is mostly spoken in Shan State, Burma.wikipedia
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Shan State

ShanShan StatesShan region
The Shan language (Shan written: လိၵ်ႈတႆး, ), Shan spoken: ၵႂၢမ်းတႆး, ), or ၽႃႇသႃႇတႆး, ; ရှမ်းဘာသာ, ; ภาษาไทใหญ่, ) is the native language of the Shan people and is mostly spoken in Shan State, Burma.
Shan State (Shan: ; Burmese:, ) is a state of Myanmar.

Shan people

ShanShansTai Yai
The Shan language (Shan written: လိၵ်ႈတႆး, ), Shan spoken: ၵႂၢမ်းတႆး, ), or ၽႃႇသႃႇတႆး, ; ရှမ်းဘာသာ, ; ภาษาไทใหญ่, ) is the native language of the Shan people and is mostly spoken in Shan State, Burma.
The Mon were the main source of early Shan Buddhism and Shan alphabets.

Burmese alphabet

BurmeseMyanmarBurmese characters
Due to the civil war in Burma, few Shan today can read or write in Shan script, which was derived from the Burmese alphabet.
In recent decades, other, related alphabets, such as Shan and modern Mon, have been restructured according to the standard of the now-dominant Burmese alphabet.

Tai languages

TaiTai languageTai language family
The Tai languages include the most widely spoken of the Tai–Kadai languages, including Standard Thai or Siamese, the national language of Thailand; Lao or Laotian, the national language of Laos; Myanmar's Shan language and Zhuang, a major language in the Southern Chinese province of Guangxi.

Northern Thai language

Northern ThaiLannaKham Muang
While the southern dialect has borrowed more Burmese words, Eastern Shan is somewhat closer to northern Thai languages and Lao in vocabulary and pronunciation, and the northern so-called "Chinese Shan" is much influenced by the Yunnan-Chinese dialect.

Thai language

ThaiThai:Central Thai
Shan is a member of the Tai–Kadai language family, and is related to Thai.

Khamti language

KhamtiKhampti languageKhamti Shan
There are also dialects still spoken by a small number of people in Kachin State and Khamti spoken in northern Sagaing Region.
Khamti language ( Khamti : လိꩱ့်တဲးၵမ်းတီႈ (Khamti written), Khamti : ၵၢမ်းတဲးၵံးတီႈ (Khamti spoken) Shan ၶၢမ်းတႆးၶမ်းတီႈ, [kháːm táj], or Shan: ၽႃႇသႃႇတႆးၶမ်းတီႈ, [pʰàːsʰàː táj]; Burmese: ခန္တီးရှမ်းဘာသာ, [ʃáɴ bàðà]; Thai: ภาษาไทคำตี่ )

Taunggyi

Taunggyi (Shan:, Pa-O: ) is the capital and largest city of Shan State, Myanmar (Burma) and lies on the Thazi-Kyaingtong road at an elevation of 4,712 feet, just north of Shwenyaung and Inle Lake within the Myelat region.

Kengtung

Keng TungKyaingtongChiang Tung
Kengtung (Shan: ;, Tai Lue language; ᩮᨾᩨ᩠ᨦᨩᩭᨦᨲᩩᨦ เชียงตุง,, ; also spelled Kyaingtong, Chiang Tung, Cheingtung, and Kengtong) is a town in Shan State, Myanmar (formerly Burma).

Burmese language

BurmeseMyanmarMyanmar language
While the southern dialect has borrowed more Burmese words, Eastern Shan is somewhat closer to northern Thai languages and Lao in vocabulary and pronunciation, and the northern so-called "Chinese Shan" is much influenced by the Yunnan-Chinese dialect.

Tai Lue language

Tai LueTai LüTai Lü language
Prominent dialects are considered as separate languages, such as Khün (called Kon Shan by the Burmese), which is spoken in Kengtung valley, and Tai Lü.
Among the Tai languages in general, Tai Lue has limited intelligibility with Shan and Tai Nua and shares much vocabulary with, the other Southwestern Tai languages.

Thailand

ThaiSiamTHA
The official language of Thailand is Thai, a Tai–Kadai language closely related to Lao, Shan in Myanmar, and numerous smaller languages spoken in an arc from Hainan and Yunnan south to the Chinese border.

Khün language

KhünTai KhünTai Khuen
Prominent dialects are considered as separate languages, such as Khün (called Kon Shan by the Burmese), which is spoken in Kengtung valley, and Tai Lü.

Burmese script

BurmeseMyanmarscript
The Burmese script is the basis of the alphabets used for modern Burmese, Mon, Shan and Karen.

Southwestern Tai languages

SouthwesternSouthwestern TaiSouthwestern Tai language
They include Siamese (Central Thai), Lanna (Northern Thai), Lao, Isan, Shan and others.

Abugida

abugidasalphasyllabaryalphasyllabaries
The standard Shan script is an abugida, all letters having an inherent vowel a. Vowels are represented in the form of diacritics placed around the consonants.

Myanmar

BurmaBurmeseBurma (Myanmar)
The Shan language (Shan written: လိၵ်ႈတႆး, ), Shan spoken: ၵႂၢမ်းတႆး, ), or ၽႃႇသႃႇတႆး, ; ရှမ်းဘာသာ, ; ภาษาไทใหญ่, ) is the native language of the Shan people and is mostly spoken in Shan State, Burma.
The primary Tai–Kadai language is Shan.

Kachin State

KachinKachin Regionextreme northern Burma
There are also dialects still spoken by a small number of people in Kachin State and Khamti spoken in northern Sagaing Region. It is also spoken in pockets of Kachin State in Burma, in northern Thailand, and decreasingly in Assam.

Northern Thailand

northernnorthNorthern Thai
It is also spoken in pockets of Kachin State in Burma, in northern Thailand, and decreasingly in Assam.

Assam

Assam, IndiaAssam StateAssamese
It is also spoken in pockets of Kachin State in Burma, in northern Thailand, and decreasingly in Assam.

Kra–Dai languages

Tai–KadaiTai-KadaiKra-Dai
Shan is a member of the Tai–Kadai language family, and is related to Thai.

Mahidol University

MahidolBangkok School of Tropical MedicineMahidol University, Bangkok
In 2001 Patrick Johnstone and Jason Mandryk estimated 3.2 million Shan speakers in Myanmar; the Mahidol University Institute for Language and Culture gave the number of Shan speakers in Thailand as 95,000 in 2006.

Internal conflict in Myanmar

Internal conflict in BurmaBurmese Civil Warcivil conflict in Myanmar
Due to the civil war in Burma, few Shan today can read or write in Shan script, which was derived from the Burmese alphabet.