Share (finance)

sharessharestockcompany sharesstakestocksequitypublic sharesstock shareactions au porteur
In financial markets, a share is a unit used as mutual funds, limited partnerships, and real estate investment trusts.wikipedia
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Shareholder

shareholdersstockholderstockholders
The owner of shares in the corporation is a shareholder (or stockholder) of the corporation.
A shareholder is an individual or institution (including a corporation) that legally owns one or more shares of stock in a public or private corporation.

Shares outstanding

outstanding sharesoutstanding stockoutstanding
Shares outstanding are those that are authorized by the government, issued by the company, and held by third parties. The number of shares outstanding times the share price gives the market capitalization of the company, which if the trading price held constant would be sufficient to purchase the company.
Shares outstanding are all the shares of a corporation or financial asset that have been authorized, issued and purchased by investors and are held by them.

Stockbroker

stock brokerstockbrokersstockbroking
The process of purchasing and selling shares often involves going through a stockbroker as a middle man.
The first stockbroking began in Rome, where the first recorded buying and selling of shares occurred in the 2nd century BCE.

Market capitalization

market capitalisationmarket capcapitalization
Shares outstanding are those that are authorized by the government, issued by the company, and held by third parties. The number of shares outstanding times the share price gives the market capitalization of the company, which if the trading price held constant would be sufficient to purchase the company.
As outstanding stock is bought and sold in public markets, capitalization could be used as an indicator of public opinion of a company's net worth and is a determining factor in some forms of stock valuation.

Issued shares

issued share capitalissue sharesIssued Capital
Issued shares is the sum of shares outstanding and treasury shares.
Issued shares is a term of law and finance for the number of shares of a corporation which have been allocated (allotted) and are subsequently held by shareholders.

Dividend stripping

dividend strip
Further, Indian tax laws include provisions to stop dividend stripping.
Dividend stripping is the practice of buying shares a short period before a dividend is declared, called cum-dividend, and then selling them when they go ex-dividend, when the previous owner is entitled to the dividend.

Stock certificate

share certificatestock certificatesShares
Historically, investors were given share certificates as evidence of their ownership of shares.
In corporate law, a stock certificate (also known as certificate of stock or share certificate) is a legal document that certifies ownership of a specific number of shares or stock in a corporation.

Market liquidity

liquidityliquidilliquid
The liquidity of markets is a major consideration as to whether a share is able to be sold at any given time.
The market for a stock is said to be liquid if the shares can be rapidly sold and the act of selling has little impact on the stock's price.

Central securities depository

central securities depositoriesInternational Central Securities Depositorysecurities depositories
In modern times, certificates are not always given and ownership may be recorded electronically by a system such as CREST or DTCC, a central securities depository.
A central securities depository (CSD) is a specialist financial organization holding securities such as shares either in certificated or uncertificated (dematerialized) form so that ownership can be easily transferred through a book entry rather than the transfer of physical certificates.

Stock

equitiesequityshares
Stock
The stock (also capital stock) of a corporation is all of the shares into which ownership of the corporation is divided.

Scrip issue

scrip dividend
Scrip issue
A scrip issue, also known as capitalisation issue or bonus issue, is a form of secondary issue where a company's cash reserves are converted into new shares and given to existing shareholders, or an issue of additional shares to shareholders in proportion to the shares already held.

Finance

financialfinancesfiscal
In financial markets, a share is a unit used as mutual funds, limited partnerships, and real estate investment trusts.

Mutual fund

mutual fundsfundmutual
In financial markets, a share is a unit used as mutual funds, limited partnerships, and real estate investment trusts.

Limited partnership

L.P.limited partnerlimited partners
In financial markets, a share is a unit used as mutual funds, limited partnerships, and real estate investment trusts.

Real estate investment trust

REITReal Estate Investment TrustsREITs
In financial markets, a share is a unit used as mutual funds, limited partnerships, and real estate investment trusts.

Dividend

dividendsstock dividendcash dividend
The income received from the ownership of shares is a dividend.

Reseller

middlemenresellersresale
The process of purchasing and selling shares often involves going through a stockbroker as a middle man.

Market (economics)

marketmarketsglobal market
Shares are valued according to various principles in different markets, but a basic premise is that a share is worth the price at which a transaction would be likely to occur were the shares to be sold.

Treasury stock

treasury sharesshare buybacktreasury share
Treasury shares are authorized, issued, and held by the company itself.

Authorised capital

authorized capitalauthorised share capitalcharter capital
Shares authorized include both issued (by the board of directors or shareholders) and unissued but authorized by the company's constitutional documents.

Constitutional documents

constitutional documentconstitutive documentsCorporate constitutional documents
Shares authorized include both issued (by the board of directors or shareholders) and unissued but authorized by the company's constitutional documents.

India

🇮🇳IndianIND
For instance, in India, dividends are tax free in the hands of the shareholder up to Rs 10 lakhs, but the company paying the dividend has to pay dividend distribution tax at 12.5%.

Tax

taxationtaxeslevy
For instance, in India, dividends are tax free in the hands of the shareholder up to Rs 10 lakhs, but the company paying the dividend has to pay dividend distribution tax at 12.5%.

CREST (securities depository)

CRESTCRESTCo
In modern times, certificates are not always given and ownership may be recorded electronically by a system such as CREST or DTCC, a central securities depository.

Depository Trust & Clearing Corporation

DTCCDTCDeposit Trust
In modern times, certificates are not always given and ownership may be recorded electronically by a system such as CREST or DTCC, a central securities depository.