Shareholder

shareholdersstockholderstockholdersshareholdingmajority shareholdershareholdingsshareholder equityshare registercorporate shareholdersPublic
A shareholder (also known as stockholder) is an individual or institution (including a corporation) that legally owns one or more shares of stock in a public or private corporation.wikipedia
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Corporation

corporatecorporationsincorporated
A shareholder (also known as stockholder) is an individual or institution (including a corporation) that legally owns one or more shares of stock in a public or private corporation.
To simplify the explanation, whenever "Stockholder" or "shareholder" is used in the rest of this article to refer to a stock corporation, it is presumed to mean the same as "member" for a non-profit corporation or for a profit, non-stock corporation.

Stock

equitiesequityshares
A shareholder (also known as stockholder) is an individual or institution (including a corporation) that legally owns one or more shares of stock in a public or private corporation.
This typically entitles the stockholder to that fraction of the company's earnings, proceeds from liquidation of assets (after discharge of all senior claims such as secured and unsecured debt), or voting power, often dividing these up in proportion to the amount of money each stockholder has invested.

Privately held company

PrivatePrivate companyprivately held
A shareholder (also known as stockholder) is an individual or institution (including a corporation) that legally owns one or more shares of stock in a public or private corporation.
A privately held company, private company, or close corporation is a business company owned either by non-governmental organizations or by a relatively small number of shareholders or company members which does not offer or trade its company stock (shares) to the general public on the stock market exchanges, but rather the company's stock is offered, owned and traded or exchanged privately or over-the-counter.

Share (finance)

sharessharestock
A shareholder (also known as stockholder) is an individual or institution (including a corporation) that legally owns one or more shares of stock in a public or private corporation.
The owner of shares in the company is a shareholder (or stockholder) of the corporation.

Board of directors

Board of Trusteesdirectorboard
The board of directors of a corporation generally governs a corporation for the benefit of shareholders.
In a stock corporation, non-executive directors are voted for by the shareholders, with the board having ultimate responsibility for the management of the corporation.

Public company

Publicpublicly tradedpublicly traded company
A shareholder (also known as stockholder) is an individual or institution (including a corporation) that legally owns one or more shares of stock in a public or private corporation.
In the United States, the Securities and Exchange Commission requires that firms whose stock is traded publicly report their major shareholders each year.

Shareholders' agreement

shareholders agreementshareholder agreementshareholders' pact
Subject to the applicable laws, the rules of the corporation and any shareholders' agreement, shareholders may have the right:
A shareholders' agreement (sometimes referred to in the U.S. as a stockholders' agreement) (SHA) is an agreement amongst the shareholders or members of a company.

Legal person

legal personalitylegal entitybody corporate
Shareholders are considered by some to be a subset of stakeholders, which may include anyone who has a direct or indirect interest in the business entity.
In many jurisdictions, artificial personality allows that entity to be considered under law separately from its individual members (for example in a company limited by shares, its shareholders).

Stakeholder (corporate)

stakeholdersstakeholderstake
Shareholders are considered by some to be a subset of stakeholders, which may include anyone who has a direct or indirect interest in the business entity.
Whereas shareholders are often the party with the most direct and obvious interest at stake in business decisions, they are one of various subsets of stakeholders, as customers and employees also have stakes in the outcome.

Shareholder resolution

shareholder resolutionsresolution
With respect to public companies in the United States, a shareholder resolution is a proposal submitted by shareholders for a vote at the company's annual meeting.

Dividend

dividendsstock dividendcash dividend
A dividend is a payment made by a corporation to its shareholders, usually as a distribution of profits.

Share class

class of sharesclasses of sharesshare classification
Shareholders may be granted special privileges depending on a share class.

Investor

financierinvestorsfinanciers
An investor who owns a stock is a shareholder.

Shareholder value

value-based managementmaximizeoptimal shareholder-value maximizing strategy

Corporate governance

governancecompliance and governanceCorporate Communications
The first recorded corporate governance dispute in history took place in 1609 between the shareholders/investors (most notably Isaac Le Maire) and directors of the Dutch East India Company (VOC), the world's first formally listed public company.

Individual

individualityindividualshuman identity
A shareholder (also known as stockholder) is an individual or institution (including a corporation) that legally owns one or more shares of stock in a public or private corporation.

Primary market

bring a security issue to the marketoriginal issuesprimary
Shareholders may have acquired their shares in the primary market by subscribing to the IPOs and thus provided capital to the corporation.

Initial public offering

IPOwent publicpublic
Shareholders may have acquired their shares in the primary market by subscribing to the IPOs and thus provided capital to the corporation.

Financial capital

capitalfinance capitalfinancial
Shareholders may have acquired their shares in the primary market by subscribing to the IPOs and thus provided capital to the corporation.

Secondary market

aftermarketsecondary tradingmarket for resale
However, most shareholders acquire shares in the secondary market and provided no capital directly to the corporation.

Subset

supersetproper subsetsubsets
Shareholders are considered by some to be a subset of stakeholders, which may include anyone who has a direct or indirect interest in the business entity.

Cash is king

While the value of shares is mainly driven by the cash-flow rights that they carry ("cash is king"), voting rights can also be valuable.

Liquidation

liquidatedvoluntary liquidationliquidate