Shareholder

shareholdersstockholderstockholdersshareholdingmajority shareholdershareholdingsshareholder equityshare registercorporate shareholdersPublic
A shareholder is an individual or institution (including a corporation) that legally owns one or more shares of stock in a public or private corporation.wikipedia
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Corporation

corporatecorporationsincorporated
A shareholder is an individual or institution (including a corporation) that legally owns one or more shares of stock in a public or private corporation.
To simplify the explanation, whenever "Stockholder" or "shareholder" is used in the rest of this article to refer to a stock corporation, it is presumed to mean the same as "member" for a non-profit corporation or for a profit, non-stock corporation.

Stock

equitiesequityshares
A shareholder is an individual or institution (including a corporation) that legally owns one or more shares of stock in a public or private corporation.
This typically entitles the stockholder to that fraction of the company's earnings, proceeds from liquidation of assets (after discharge of all senior claims such as secured and unsecured debt), or voting power, often dividing these up in proportion to the amount of money each stockholder has invested.

Privately held company

Privateprivately heldprivate company
A shareholder is an individual or institution (including a corporation) that legally owns one or more shares of stock in a public or private corporation.
A privately held company, private company, or close corporation is a business company owned either by non-governmental organizations or by a relatively small number of shareholders or company members which does not offer or trade its company stock (shares) to the general public on the stock market exchanges, but rather the company's stock is offered, owned and traded or exchanged privately or over-the-counter.

Share (finance)

sharessharestock
A shareholder is an individual or institution (including a corporation) that legally owns one or more shares of stock in a public or private corporation.
The owner of shares in the corporation is a shareholder (or stockholder) of the corporation.

Board of directors

board of trusteesdirectorboard
The board of directors of a corporation generally governs a corporation for the benefit of shareholders.
In a stock corporation, non-executive directors are voted for by the shareholders and the board is the highest authority in the management of the corporation.

Shareholders' agreement

shareholder agreementshareholders agreementSHA
Subject to the applicable laws, the rules of the corporation and any shareholders’ agreement, shareholders may have the right:
A shareholders' agreement (sometimes referred to in the U.S. as a stockholders' agreement) (SHA) is an agreement amongst the shareholders or members of a company.

Stakeholder (corporate)

stakeholdersstakeholderstake
Shareholders are considered by some to be a subset of stakeholders, which may include anyone who has a direct or indirect interest in the business entity.
Whereas shareholders are often the party with the most direct and obvious interest at stake in business decisions, they are one of various subsets of stakeholders, as customers and employees also have stakes in the outcome.

Legal person

legal personalitylegal entitybody corporate
Shareholders are considered by some to be a subset of stakeholders, which may include anyone who has a direct or indirect interest in the business entity.
In many jurisdictions, artificial personality allows that entity to be considered under law separately from its individual members (for example in a company limited by shares, its shareholders).

Public company

Publicpublicly tradedpublicly traded company
A shareholder is an individual or institution (including a corporation) that legally owns one or more shares of stock in a public or private corporation.
In the United States, the Securities and Exchange Commission requires that firms whose stock is traded publicly report their major shareholders each year.

Shareholder resolution

shareholder resolutionsresolution
to nominate directors (although this is very difficult in practice because of minority protections) and propose shareholder resolutions.
With respect to public companies in the United States, a shareholder resolution is a proposal submitted by shareholders for a vote at the company's annual meeting.

Dividend

dividendsstock dividendcash dividend
to dividends if they are declared.
A dividend is a payment made by a corporation to its shareholders, usually as a distribution of profits.

Investor

financierinvestorsfinanciers
Investor
An investor who owns a stock is a shareholder.

Shareholder value

value-based managementmaximizeoptimal shareholder-value maximizing strategy
Shareholder value
The concept that the primary goal for a company is to increase the wealth of its shareholders (owners) by paying dividends and/or causing the stock price to increase

Corporate governance

governancecompliance and governanceCorporate Communications
Corporate governance
The first recorded corporate governance dispute in history took place in 1609 between the shareholders/investors (most notably Isaac Le Maire) and directors of the Dutch East India Company (VOC), the world's first formally listed public company.

Individual

individualityindividualsIndividual federal taxes
A shareholder is an individual or institution (including a corporation) that legally owns one or more shares of stock in a public or private corporation.

Subset

supersetproper subsetinclusion
Shareholders are considered by some to be a subset of stakeholders, which may include anyone who has a direct or indirect interest in the business entity.

Primary market

bring a security issue to the marketoriginal issuesprimary
Shareholders may have acquired their shares in the primary market by subscribing to the IPOs and thus provided capital to the corporation.

Initial public offering

IPOwent publicpublic
Shareholders may have acquired their shares in the primary market by subscribing to the IPOs and thus provided capital to the corporation.

Financial capital

capitalfinance capitalfinancial
Shareholders may have acquired their shares in the primary market by subscribing to the IPOs and thus provided capital to the corporation.

Secondary market

after-marketaftermarketsecondary trading
However, most shareholders acquire shares in the secondary market and provided no capital directly to the corporation.

Asset

assetstotal assetstangible asset
to what assets remain after a liquidation.

Liquidation

liquidatedvoluntary liquidationliquidate
to what assets remain after a liquidation.

Business valuation

Option pricing approaches#Option pricing approachesappraised
Business valuation