Sheep

ramlambdomestic sheepeweramslambsOvis ariesovineewesbleat
Domestic sheep (Ovis aries) are quadrupedal, ruminant mammals typically kept as livestock.wikipedia
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Wool

fleecewool tradefleeces
One of the earliest animals to be domesticated for agricultural purposes, sheep are raised for fleeces, meat (lamb, hogget or mutton) and milk. A sheep's wool is the most widely used animal fiber, and is usually harvested by shearing.
Wool is the textile fiber obtained from sheep and other animals, including cashmere and mohair from goats, qiviut from muskoxen, from hide and fur clothing from bison, angora from rabbits, and other types of wool from camelids; additionally, the Highland and the Mangalica breeds of cattle and swine, respectively, possess woolly coats.

Mouflon

mouflonsmoufflonMouflon sheep
Sheep are most likely descended from the wild mouflon of Europe and Asia.
The mouflon is thought to be the ancestor for all modern domestic sheep breeds.

Even-toed ungulate

artiodactyleven-toed ungulatesCetartiodactyla
Like most ruminants, sheep are members of the order Artiodactyla, the even-toed ungulates.
The roughly 220 land-based even-toed ungulate species include pigs, peccaries, hippopotamuses, camels, llamas, alpacas, mouse deer, deer, giraffes, antelopes, sheep, goats, and cattle.

Sheep milk

sheep's milksheepewe's milk
One of the earliest animals to be domesticated for agricultural purposes, sheep are raised for fleeces, meat (lamb, hogget or mutton) and milk.
Sheep's milk (or ewes' milk) is the milk of domestic sheep.

Sheep shearing

shearingshornsheep-shearing
A sheep's wool is the most widely used animal fiber, and is usually harvested by shearing.
Sheep shearing is the process by which the woollen fleece of a sheep is cut off.

Ruminant

ruminantschew their cudruminate
Domestic sheep (Ovis aries) are quadrupedal, ruminant mammals typically kept as livestock.
Ruminating mammals include cattle, all domesticated and wild bovines, goats, sheep, giraffes, deer, gazelles, and antelopes.

Sheep farming

sheep husbandrysheep farmsheep
Sheep husbandry is practised throughout the majority of the inhabited world, and has been fundamental to many civilizations.
Sheep farming or sheep husbandry is the raising and breeding of domestic sheep.

Dairy

dairiesdairy industrydairying
Sheep continue to be important for wool and meat today, and are also occasionally raised for pelts, as dairy animals, or as model organisms for science.
A dairy is a business enterprise established for the harvesting or processing (or both) of animal milk – mostly from cows or goats, but also from buffaloes, sheep, horses, or camels – for human consumption.

Agriculture

farmingagriculturalAgriculturist
One of the earliest animals to be domesticated for agricultural purposes, sheep are raised for fleeces, meat (lamb, hogget or mutton) and milk.
Sheep were domesticated in Mesopotamia between 13,000 and 11,000 years ago.

Ovis

wild sheepramsheep
Although the name sheep applies to many species in the genus Ovis, in everyday usage it almost always refers to Ovis aries.
The domestic sheep is one member of the genus, and is thought to be descended from the wild mouflon of central and southwest Asia.

Neolithic

Neolithic periodNeolithic AgeNew Stone Age
Excavations show that in about 6000 BC, during the Neolithic period of prehistory, the Castelnovien people, living around Châteauneuf-les-Martigues near present-day Marseille in the south of France, were among the first in Europe to keep domestic sheep.
Early Neolithic farming was limited to a narrow range of plants, both wild and domesticated, which included einkorn wheat, millet and spelt, and the keeping of dogs, sheep and goats.

Goat

goatsdomestic goatmilk
Sheep and goats are closely related: both are in the subfamily Caprinae.
The goat is a member of the animal family Bovidae and the subfamily Caprinae, meaning it is closely related to the sheep.

List of sheep breeds

breedsheep breedsbreeds
The domestic sheep is a multi-purpose animal, and the more than 200 breeds now in existence were created to serve these diverse purposes.
Domestic sheep (Ovis aries) are partially derived from mouflon (Ovis orientalis) stock, and have diverged sufficiently to be considered a different species.

Middle English

Late Middle EnglishMiddleEarly Middle English
Use of the word sheep began in Middle English as a derivation of the Old English word scēap; it is both the singular and plural name for the animal.
A significant number of words of French origin began to appear in the English language alongside native English words of similar meaning, giving rise to such Modern English synonyms as pig/pork, chicken/poultry, calf/veal, cow/beef, sheep/mutton, wood/forest, house/mansion, worthy/valuable, bold/courageous, freedom/liberty, sight/vision, eat/dine.

Fat-tailed sheep

fat-tailedfat-rumpfat-tailed breed
A sheep may also be of a fat-tailed type, which is a dual-purpose sheep common in Africa and Asia with larger deposits of fat within and around its tail.
The fat-tailed sheep is a general type of domestic sheep known for their distinctive large tails and hindquarters.

Wool classing

wool classerwoolclasserclassing
There is variation of wool type and quality even among members of the same flock, so wool classing is a step in the commercial processing of the fibre.Depending on breed, sheep show a range of heights and weights.

Caprinae

goat-antelopecaprinegoat antelope
Sheep and goats are closely related: both are in the subfamily Caprinae.
Within this subfamily Caprinae, a prominent tribe, Caprini, includes sheep and goats.

Livestock

farm animalsfarm animalstock
Domestic sheep (Ovis aries) are quadrupedal, ruminant mammals typically kept as livestock.
Ranching systems have been used for sheep, deer, ostrich, emu, llama and alpaca.

Sheep–goat hybrid

sheep-goat hybridgeeptoast of Botswana
A hybrid of a ewe and a buck (a male goat) is called a sheep-goat hybrid, and is not to be confused with the sheep-goat chimera, though both are known as geep.
A sheep–goat hybrid (called a geep in popular media or sometimes a shoat) is the offspring of a sheep and a goat.

Corriedale

Corriedale sheep
Some major medium wool breeds, such as the Corriedale, are dual-purpose crosses of long and fine-wooled breeds and were created for high-production commercial flocks.
Corriedale sheep are a dual purpose breed, meaning they are used both in the production of wool and meat.

Rambouillet sheep

RambouilletRambouillet MerinoRambouillet Merino sheep
For example: the American Columbia breed was developed by crossing Lincoln rams (a long wool breed) with fine-wooled Rambouillet ewes.
The Rambouillet is a breed of sheep also known as the Rambouillet Merino or the French Merino.

Pasture

pasturespasturelandpasturage
For this reason, domestic sheep on normal pasture begin to slowly decline from four years on, and the life expectancy of a sheep is 10 to 12 years, though some sheep may live as long as 20 years.
Pasture lands in the narrow sense are enclosed tracts of farmland, grazed by domesticated livestock, such as horses, cattle, sheep, or swine.

Rut (mammalian reproduction)

rutruttingrutting season
Males of the two species differ in that buck goats acquire a unique and strong odor during the rut, whereas rams do not.
The rut (from the Latin rugire, meaning "to roar") is the mating season of certain mammals, which includes ruminants such as deer, sheep, camels, goats, pronghorns, bison, giraffes and antelopes, and extends to others such as skunks and elephants.

Columbia sheep

Columbia
For example: the American Columbia breed was developed by crossing Lincoln rams (a long wool breed) with fine-wooled Rambouillet ewes.
The Columbia is one of the first breeds of sheep developed in the United States.

Docking (animal)

dockingdockedtail docking
Sheep tails also hang down, even when short or docked, while the short tails of goats are held upwards.
Many breeds of sheep have their tails docked to reduce the buildup of faeces which can encourage fly strike.