Shem

SemSamSaamShem NoyesShem, son of NoahSim
Shem ( Shem;) was one of the sons of Noah in the Hebrew Bible as well as in Islamic literature.wikipedia
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Generations of Noah

sons of NoahTable of Nationsfourth son of Noah
Shem ( Shem;) was one of the sons of Noah in the Hebrew Bible as well as in Islamic literature.
The list of 70 names introduces for the first time a number of well known ethnonyms and toponyms important to biblical geography such as Noah's three sons Shem, Ham and Japheth, from which were derived Semites, Hamites and Japhetites, certain of Noah's grandsons including Elam, Ashur, Aram, Cush, and Canaan, from which the Elamites, Assyrians, Arameans, Cushites and Canaanites, as well as further descendants including Eber (from which "Hebrews"), the hunter-king Nimrod, the Philistines and the sons of Canaan including Heth, Jebus and Amorus, from which Hittites, Jebusites and Amorites.

Ashur

Asshur
The children of Shem were Elam, Asshur, Arphaxad, Lud and Aram, in addition to daughters.
Ashur was the second son of Shem, the son of Noah.

Biblical Elam

Elam
The children of Shem were Elam, Asshur, Arphaxad, Lud and Aram, in addition to daughters.
Elam ( ‘Êlām) in the Hebrew Bible (Genesis 10:22, Ezra 4:9;) is said to be one of the sons of Shem, the son of Noah.

Lud, son of Shem

Lud
The children of Shem were Elam, Asshur, Arphaxad, Lud and Aram, in addition to daughters.
Lud was a son of Shem and grandson of Noah, according to Genesis 10 (the "Table of Nations").

Aram, son of Shem

AramIram
The children of Shem were Elam, Asshur, Arphaxad, Lud and Aram, in addition to daughters.
Aram ( Aram) is a son of Shem, according to the Table of Nations in Genesis 10 of the Hebrew Bible, and the father of Uz, Hul, Gether and Mash or Meshech.

Noah

NoachianNoebecome intoxicated
Islamic literature describes Shem as one of the believing sons of Noah.
When Noah was five hundred years old, he became the father of Shem, Ham and Japheth.

Arpachshad

ArphaxadArfa-ksadArfakshad
The children of Shem were Elam, Asshur, Arphaxad, Lud and Aram, in addition to daughters. Genesis 11:10 records that Shem was 100 years old at the birth of Arphaxad, two years after the flood; and that he lived for another 500 years after this, making his age at death 600 years.
According to the Book of Genesis he was one of the five sons of Shem (the son of Noah).

Assyria

AssyriansAssyrianAssyrian Empire
The 1st-century historian Flavius Josephus, among many others, recounted the tradition that these five sons were the progenitors of the nations of Elam, Assyria, Chaldea, Lydia, and Levantine, respectively.
According to the Biblical generations of Noah, which appears to have been largely compiled between the 7th and 5th centuries BC, the city of Aššur was allegedly founded by a biblical Ashur the son of Shem, who was deified by later generations as the city's patron god.

Japheth

JaphetYafetIafet
Genesis 10:21 refers to relative ages of Shem and his brother Japheth, but with sufficient ambiguity to have yielded different English translations.
Shem is the father of the Semitic race

Abraham

IbrahimAbramAbraham the Patriarch
Abraham, the patriarch of the Hebrews and Arabs, was one of the descendants of Arphaxad.
After the deluge, Abraham was the only one among the pious who solemnly swear never forsaking God, and studied in house of Noah and Shem to learn about "Ways of God," and continuing the line of High Priest from Noah and Shem, then he descended the office to Levi and his seed forever.

Eber

HeberAberAbir
The verse is translated in the King James Version as: "Unto Shem also, the father of all the children of Eber, the brother of Japheth the elder, even to him were children born."
Eber was a great-grandson of Noah's son Shem and the father of Peleg born when Eber was 34 years old, and of Joktan.

Melchizedek

MelchisedechMelchizedechBiblical, King of Salem
According to some Jewish traditions (e.g., B. Talmud Nedarim 32b; Genesis Rabbah 46:7; Genesis Rabbah 56:10; Leviticus Rabbah 25:6; Numbers Rabbah 4:8.), Shem is believed to have been Melchizedek, King of Salem whom Abraham is recorded to have met after the battle of the four kings.
Chazalic literature—specifically Targum Jonathan, Targum Yerushalmi, and the Babylonian Talmud—presents the name as a nickname title for Shem, the son of Noah.

Semitic languages

SemiticSemitic languageArabian
The associated term Semitic is still a commonly used term for the Semitic languages, as a subset of the Afro-Asiatic languages, denoting the common linguistic heritage of Arabic, Aramaic, Akkadian, Ethiopic, Hebrew and Canaanite-Phoenician languages.
The terminology was first used in the 1780s by members of the Göttingen School of History, who derived the name from Shem, one of the three sons of Noah in the Book of Genesis.

Afroasiatic languages

Afro-AsiaticAfroasiaticAfroasiatic language family
The associated term Semitic is still a commonly used term for the Semitic languages, as a subset of the Afro-Asiatic languages, denoting the common linguistic heritage of Arabic, Aramaic, Akkadian, Ethiopic, Hebrew and Canaanite-Phoenician languages.
The terms "Hamitic" and "Semitic" were etymologically derived from the Book of Genesis, which describes various Biblical tribes descended from Ham and Shem, two sons of Noah.

Wives aboard Noah's Ark

Noah's wifedaughter-in-law of Noahhis wife who also survived the flood
* Wives aboard the Ark
In the Book of Jubilees (160–150 BC) the names of the wives of Noah, Shem, Ham and Japheth are as follows:

Hebrew Bible

biblicalBibleHebrew
Shem ( Shem;) was one of the sons of Noah in the Hebrew Bible as well as in Islamic literature.

Islamic literature

adabliteratureIslamic
Shem ( Shem;) was one of the sons of Noah in the Hebrew Bible as well as in Islamic literature.

Book of Genesis

GenesisGen.Gen
Shem is mentioned several times in Genesis 5-11 as well as 1 Chronicles 1:4.

Books of Chronicles

1 ChroniclesChronicles2 Chronicles
Shem is mentioned several times in Genesis 5-11 as well as 1 Chronicles 1:4.

King James Version

King James BibleKJVKing James
The verse is translated in the King James Version as: "Unto Shem also, the father of all the children of Eber, the brother of Japheth the elder, even to him were children born."

New American Standard Bible

NASBNASVNew American Standard
However, the New American Standard Bible gives: "Also to Shem, the father of all the children of Eber, and the older brother of Japheth, children were born".

Genesis flood narrative

Great FloodFloodDeluge
Genesis 11:10 records that Shem was 100 years old at the birth of Arphaxad, two years after the flood; and that he lived for another 500 years after this, making his age at death 600 years.

Jesus

ChristJesus ChristJesus of Nazareth
According to Jesus is a descendant of Shem.

Josephus

Flavius JosephusTitus Flavius JosephusJosephus’s
The 1st-century historian Flavius Josephus, among many others, recounted the tradition that these five sons were the progenitors of the nations of Elam, Assyria, Chaldea, Lydia, and Levantine, respectively.

Elam

ElamiteSusianaElamite Empire
The 1st-century historian Flavius Josephus, among many others, recounted the tradition that these five sons were the progenitors of the nations of Elam, Assyria, Chaldea, Lydia, and Levantine, respectively.