Shen Wuhua

Crown Princess Shen WuhuaEmpress Shen WuhuaEmpress ShenLady Shen Wuhua
Shen Wuhua, later dharma name Guanyin, was an empress of the Chen dynasty.wikipedia
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Chen Shubao

Houzhu
Her husband was Chen Shubao, the last emperor of the dynasty.
In fall 569, Chen Shubao married Shen Wuhua, the daughter of the official Shen Junli, as his wife and crown princess.

Chen Yin (6th century)

Chen Yin
They did not have any sons together, but when Chen Shubao's concubine, Sun, died in childbirth in 573, Shen Wuhua raised the boy, Chen Yin, as her own.
Chen Yin's mother Consort Sun died in childbirth, and Chen Shubao's wife Crown Princess Shen Wuhua, mournful of her death, took Chen Yin and raised him as her own son.

Zhang Lihua

Consort Zhang LihuaGuifei
However, as he did not favor her, she was not allowed to attend to him during his injuries--only Zhang Lihua, his favorite concubine, was allowed to.
Chen Shubao created his wife Crown Princess Shen Wuhua empress, and created Consort Zhang an imperial consort with the honored title of Guifei -- the highest rank for imperial consorts.

Emperor Wu of Chen

Chen BaxianEmperor WuChen Wu Di
Shen Wuhua's father, Shen Junli, was a junior official during the reign of Chen's founder Emperor Wu, and Emperor Wu, impressed by his abilities, created Shen Junli the Marquess of Wangcai and gave Shen Junli his daughter the Princess Kuaiji as his wife.

Chen Yuan (prince)

Chen YuanChen Shen
In 588, believing in accusations that Chen Yin despised him for not favoring Empress Shen, Chen Shubao deposed him and replaced him with Consort Zhang's son, Chen Yuan.
(Chen Yin was also not born of Chen Shubao's wife Crown Princess Shen Wuhua, but Crown Princess Shen raised him after Chen Yin's mother Consort Sun died in childbirth in 573).

Emperor Yang of Sui

Emperor YangYang GuangYángdi
Earlier that year, Emperor Wen had died as well and was succeeded by his son, Emperor Yang of Sui, who, during his reign, undertook 11 journeys through various parts of the empire and often had Empress Shen accompany his train.
It was said that on one occasion, he told Empress Xiao, "There must be many people who want to hurt me. However, I will at least be the Duke of Changcheng [i.e., be like Chen Shubao], and you will at least be like Empress Shen [(Chen Shubao's wife)]. Do not worry. Let us drink and be merry."

Dharma name

Buddhist nameKaimyōPosthumous Buddhist name
Shen Wuhua, later dharma name Guanyin, was an empress of the Chen dynasty.

Chen dynasty

ChenSouthern Chen DynastyChen China
Shen Wuhua, later dharma name Guanyin, was an empress of the Chen dynasty.

Emperor Wen of Chen

Emperor WenChen QianWen Di
Shen Junli subsequently served under Emperor Wu's nephews, Emperor Wen and Emperor Xuan.

Emperor Xuan of Chen

Chen XuEmperor XuanXuan Di
Shen Junli subsequently served under Emperor Wu's nephews, Emperor Wen and Emperor Xuan.

Concubinage

concubineconcubinesconcubin
They did not have any sons together, but when Chen Shubao's concubine, Sun, died in childbirth in 573, Shen Wuhua raised the boy, Chen Yin, as her own.

Chinese classics

Confucian classicsChinese classic textsclassic text
Empress Shen was said to be solemn and had few desires, spending much of her time studying the Chinese classics, history, and Buddhist sutras as well as practicing calligraphy.

Sutra

sūtrasutrassutta
Empress Shen was said to be solemn and had few desires, spending much of her time studying the Chinese classics, history, and Buddhist sutras as well as practicing calligraphy.

Calligraphy

calligraphercalligraphiccalligraphers
Empress Shen was said to be solemn and had few desires, spending much of her time studying the Chinese classics, history, and Buddhist sutras as well as practicing calligraphy.

Sui dynasty

SuiSui ChinaSui Empire
He also considered deposing Empress Shen and replacing her with Consort Chang, but had not had a chance to carry this out before Sui dynasty forces captured the capital Jiankang in 589, seizing him and ending the Chen dynasty, unifying China.

Jiankang

JianyeJiankang PrefectureJiangning
He also considered deposing Empress Shen and replacing her with Consort Chang, but had not had a chance to carry this out before Sui dynasty forces captured the capital Jiankang in 589, seizing him and ending the Chen dynasty, unifying China.

Gao Jiong

Consort Zhang was executed by the Sui general, Gao Jiong, but Chen Shubao was spared and taken to the Sui capital, Chang'an, to be treated as an honored guest of Emperor Wen of Sui.

Chang'an

ChanganChang-AnChang’an
Consort Zhang was executed by the Sui general, Gao Jiong, but Chen Shubao was spared and taken to the Sui capital, Chang'an, to be treated as an honored guest of Emperor Wen of Sui.

Emperor Wen of Sui

Emperor WenYang JianWéndi
Consort Zhang was executed by the Sui general, Gao Jiong, but Chen Shubao was spared and taken to the Sui capital, Chang'an, to be treated as an honored guest of Emperor Wen of Sui.

Yangzhou

GuanglingYangchowYangzhou, Jiangsu
She was with his train in Jiangdu (江都, in modern Yangzhou, Jiangsu) in 618, when he was killed in a coup led by the general Yuwen Huaji.

Jiangsu

Jiangsu ProvinceKiangsuJiang Su
She was with his train in Jiangdu (江都, in modern Yangzhou, Jiangsu) in 618, when he was killed in a coup led by the general Yuwen Huaji. After Emperor Yang's death, Empress Shen crossed the Yangtze south to Piling City (毗陵, in modern Changzhou, Jiangsu), where she became a Buddhist nun with the name Guanyin ("Avalokiteśvara").

Yuwen Huaji

Woomun Hwa GeubXuYu-man Fa-kup
She was with his train in Jiangdu (江都, in modern Yangzhou, Jiangsu) in 618, when he was killed in a coup led by the general Yuwen Huaji.

Yangtze

Yangtze RiverYangzi RiverChangjiang
After Emperor Yang's death, Empress Shen crossed the Yangtze south to Piling City (毗陵, in modern Changzhou, Jiangsu), where she became a Buddhist nun with the name Guanyin ("Avalokiteśvara").

Changzhou

Changzhou CityChangsuChangzhou, China
After Emperor Yang's death, Empress Shen crossed the Yangtze south to Piling City (毗陵, in modern Changzhou, Jiangsu), where she became a Buddhist nun with the name Guanyin ("Avalokiteśvara").

Bhikkhunī

bhikkhuniBuddhist nunnuns
After Emperor Yang's death, Empress Shen crossed the Yangtze south to Piling City (毗陵, in modern Changzhou, Jiangsu), where she became a Buddhist nun with the name Guanyin ("Avalokiteśvara").