Sher Shah Suri

Sher ShahShershah SuriSher KhanShah SurShēr Shāh
Sher Shah Suri (1486 – 22 May 1545), born Farīd Khān, was the founder of the Suri Empire in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent, with its capital in Sasaram in modern-day Bihar.wikipedia
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Sasaram

Sahasram
Sher Shah Suri (1486 – 22 May 1545), born Farīd Khān, was the founder of the Suri Empire in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent, with its capital in Sasaram in modern-day Bihar.
One of the ancient cities in India, Sasaram has witnessed the legacy of several great people along with Sahastrabahu, Shershah Suri, and Jagjivan Ram Babu.

Mughal Empire

MughalMughalsMughal India
An ethnic Pashtun, Sher Shah took control of the Mughal Empire in 1538.
The Sur Empire (1540–1555), founded by Sher Shah Suri (reigned 1540–1545), briefly interrupted Mughal rule.

Bihar

Bihar stateBihar, IndiaState of Bihar
Sher Shah Suri (1486 – 22 May 1545), born Farīd Khān, was the founder of the Suri Empire in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent, with its capital in Sasaram in modern-day Bihar.
In 1540, the great Pathan chieftain, Sher Shah Suri, from Sasaram, took northern India from the Mughals, defeating the Mughal army of Emperor Humayun.

Akbar

Akbar the GreatEmperor AkbarJalaluddin Muhammed Akbar
His reorganization of the empire laid the foundations for the later Mughal emperors, notably Akbar, son of Humayun.
Defeated in battles at Chausa and Kannauj in 1539 to 1541 by the forces of Sher Shah Suri, Mughal emperor Humayun fled westward to Sindh.

Humayun

Emperor HumayunHamayunHumayun-nama
In 1537, when Babur's son Humayun was elsewhere on an expedition, Sher Shah overran the state of Bengal and established the Suri dynasty. Sher Shah is also said to have destroyed Dinpanah, which Humayun was constructing as the "sixth city of Delhi".
Humayun lost Mughal territories to Sher Shah Suri, but regained them 15 years later with Safavid aid.

Islam Shah Suri

Islam ShahSalim Shah Suri
After his accidental death in 1545, his son Islam Shah became his successor.
His original name was Jalal Khan and he was the second son of Sher Shah Suri.

Patna

Patna, BiharMount Carmel High School, PatnaPatna, India
Suri further developed Humayun's Dina-panah city and named it Shergarh and revived the historical city of Pataliputra, which had been in decline since the 7th century CE, as Patna. Sher Shah built several monuments including Rohtas Fort (now a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Pakistan), many structures in the Rohtasgarh Fort in Bihar, the Sher Shah Suri Masjid in Patna, the Qila-i-Kuhna mosque inside the Purana Qila complex in Delhi, and the Sher Mandal, an octagonal building also inside the Purana Qila complex, which later served as the library of Humayun.
The most remarkable period during the Middle Ages was under the Pathan emperor Sher Shah Suri, who revived Patna in the middle of the 16th century.

Grand Trunk Road

GT RoadG.T. RoadGrand Trunk (GT) Road
He extended the Grand Trunk Road from Chittagong in the frontiers of the province of Bengal in northeast India to Kabul in Afghanistan in the far northwest of the country.
It was rebuilt many times under Sher Shah Suri, the Mughals and the British along a partly similar route.

Rupee

RsrupeesRs.
He re-introduced the currency of rupee.
Sher Shah Suri (1540–1545), re-introduced the silver coin rupiya, weighing 178 grams.

Bengal

Bengal regionBengal, IndiaBengali
In 1537, when Babur's son Humayun was elsewhere on an expedition, Sher Shah overran the state of Bengal and established the Suri dynasty. Later sensing the growth of Sher Shah's power in Bihar, Jalal sought the assistance of Ghiyasuddin Mahmud Shah, the independent Sultan of Bengal.
In 1540, Sher Shah Suri was crowned Emperor of the northern subcontinent in the Bengali capital Gaur.

Battle of Chausa

On 26 June 1539, Sher Khan faced Humayun in the Battle of Chausa and defeated him.
The Battle of Chausa was a notable military engagement between the Mughal emperor, Humayun, and the Afghan, Sher Shah Suri.

Khawas Khan Marwat

After this victory, Sher Shah's general Khawas Khan Marwat took possession of Jodhpur and occupied the territory of Marwar from Ajmer to Mount Abu in 1544.
Khawas Khan Marwat was one of the best generals of Sher Shah Suri, having played a major role in defeating the Mughal Emperor Humayun in 1539 at the Battle of Chausa.

Ghiyasuddin Mahmud Shah

Ghiyasuddin
Later sensing the growth of Sher Shah's power in Bihar, Jalal sought the assistance of Ghiyasuddin Mahmud Shah, the independent Sultan of Bengal.
Ghiyasuddin Mahmud Shah and his Portuguese allies were defeated by Sher Shah Suri on 6 April 1538, as his appeals to the Mughal Emperor Humayun went unanswered.

Chanderi

ChundaireeChandaireeKhandargiri Cave Adinath statue
The Muslim women of Chanderi, which Sher Shah had taken under his rule, came to him and accused Puran Mal of killing their husbands and enslaving their daughters.
In 1540 it was captured by Sher Shah Suri, and added to the governorship of Shujaat Khan.

Pataliputra

PatliputraPāṭaliputraPushpapura
Suri further developed Humayun's Dina-panah city and named it Shergarh and revived the historical city of Pataliputra, which had been in decline since the 7th century CE, as Patna.
Afterwards, Sher Shah Suri made Pataliputra his capital and changed the name to modern Patna.

Maldev Rathore

Maldeo RathoreRao Maldeo RathoreMaldev
In 1543, Sher Shah Suri with a huge force of 80,000 cavalry set out against Maldeo Rathore (a Rajput king of Marwar).
In 1540, Humayun fled into exile after being displaced by Sher Shah Suri as ruler of the Delhi sultanate.

Purana Qila

Purana QuilaPurana Qila, DelhiOld Fort
Suri further developed Humayun's Dina-panah city and named it Shergarh and revived the historical city of Pataliputra, which had been in decline since the 7th century CE, as Patna. Sher Shah built several monuments including Rohtas Fort (now a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Pakistan), many structures in the Rohtasgarh Fort in Bihar, the Sher Shah Suri Masjid in Patna, the Qila-i-Kuhna mosque inside the Purana Qila complex in Delhi, and the Sher Mandal, an octagonal building also inside the Purana Qila complex, which later served as the library of Humayun.
The present citadel was begun in the time of Humayun and its construction continued under Sher Shah Suri.

Ujjainiya

Ujjainia
But, Sher Khan defeated the force at the battle of Surajgarh in 1534 after forming an alliance with Ujjainiya Rajputs and other local chiefdoms.
The Ujjainiyas under the leadership of Raja Gajpati assisted Sher Shah Suri in the battle of Surajgarha against the Muslim rulers of Bengal who at the time were a major regional power.

Sher Shah Suri Mosque

Sher Shah Suri Masjid
Sher Shah built several monuments including Rohtas Fort (now a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Pakistan), many structures in the Rohtasgarh Fort in Bihar, the Sher Shah Suri Masjid in Patna, the Qila-i-Kuhna mosque inside the Purana Qila complex in Delhi, and the Sher Mandal, an octagonal building also inside the Purana Qila complex, which later served as the library of Humayun.
Sher Shah Suri built this mosque in 1540–1545 to commemorate his reign.

Malwa Sultanate

MalwaSultan of MalwaSultanate of Malwa
After the death of Bahadur Shah of Gujarat in 1537, Qadir Shah became the new ruler of Malwa Sultanate.
But in 1542, Sher Shah Suri conquered the kingdom, defeating him and appointed Shuja'at Khan as the governor.

Rohtas Fort

Rohtas Rohtas CityRohtas City
Sher Shah built several monuments including Rohtas Fort (now a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Pakistan), many structures in the Rohtasgarh Fort in Bihar, the Sher Shah Suri Masjid in Patna, the Qila-i-Kuhna mosque inside the Purana Qila complex in Delhi, and the Sher Mandal, an octagonal building also inside the Purana Qila complex, which later served as the library of Humayun.
The fort was commissioned by Sher Shah Suri, founder of the Sur Empire.

Bahlul Lodi

Bahlul Khan LodiBahlol LodiBahlul Khan Lodhi
He was one of about eight sons of Mian Hassan Khan Suri, a prominent figure in the government of Bahlul Khan Lodi in Narnaul Pargana.

Delhi

Delhi, IndiaNational Capital Territory of DelhiNational Capital Territory
Sher Shah is also said to have destroyed Dinpanah, which Humayun was constructing as the "sixth city of Delhi".
The Mughal dynasty ruled Delhi for more than three centuries, with a sixteen-year hiatus during the reigns of Sher Shah Suri and Hemu from 1540 to 1556.

Isa Khan Niazi

Isa Khan NiyaziIsa Khan's Tomb
Isa Khan Niazi was a Pashtun noble in the courts of Sher Shah Suri and his son Islam Shah Suri, of the Sur dynasty, who fought the Mughal Empire.

Kannauj

KanaujKanyakubjaKannauj Empire
Assuming the title Farīd al-Dīn Shēr Shah, he defeated Humayun once again at Kannauj in May 1540 and forced him out of India.
Sher Shah Suri defeated Humayun at the battle of Kannauj on 17 May 1540.