Shlomo Ganzfried

Rabbi Shlomo Ganzfried

Orthodox rabbi and posek best known as the author of the work of Halakha (Jewish law), the Kitzur Shulchan Aruch (Hebrew: קיצור שולחן ערוך, "The Abbreviated Shulchan Aruch"), by which title he is also known.

- Shlomo Ganzfried

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Posek

Term in Jewish law for a "decisor", a legal scholar who determines the position of halakha, the Jewish religious laws derived from the written and Oral Torah in cases of Jewish law where previous authorities are inconclusive, or in those situations where no clear halakhic precedent exists.

Toledot HaPoskim, History of the Jewish Codes, by Chaim Tchernowitz.

Shlomo Ganzfried (1804–1886), Kitzur Shulchan Aruch

Shulchan Aruch

Most widely consulted of the various legal codes in Judaism.

Similar works are Ba'er Heitev and Sha'arei Teshuvah/Pitchei Teshuvah (usually published as commentaries in most editions of the Shulchan Aruch), as well as Kitzur Shulchan Aruch (by Rabbi Shlomo Ganzfried of Hungary).

Uzhhorod

City and municipality on the river Uzh in western Ukraine, at the border with Slovakia and near the border with Hungary.

11th-century Rotunda in Horiany
Old city with spires of Roman Catholic church (right) and the Greek Catholic Cathedral, Uzhhorod (left)
Maria Theresia Garden Square
Uzhhorod Castle
The former Uzhhorod Synagogue, now the Philharmonic Orchestra
Cherry blossoms in Uzhhorod
Uzhhorod railway station

Shlomo Ganzfried, an Orthodox rabbi and posek

Halakha

Collective body of Jewish religious laws which is derived from the written and Oral Torah.

A full set of the Babylonian Talmud
Sefer Torah at Glockengasse Synagogue (museum exhibits), Cologne
Hasidim walk to the synagogue, Rehovot, Israel.
A mixed-gender, egalitarian Conservative service at Robinson's Arch, Western Wall
Set of Mishneh Torah
Shulchan Aruch HaRav
Peninei Halakha Set
An illuminated manuscript of Arba'ah Turim from 1435

The Kitzur Shulchan Aruch of Rabbi Shlomo Ganzfried (Hungary 1804–1886), a "digest", covering applicable Halakha from all four sections of Shulchan Aruch, and reflecting the very strict Hungarian customs of the 19th century. It became immensely popular after its publication due to its simplicity, and is still popular in Orthodox Judaism as a framework for study, if not always for practice. This work is not considered binding in the same way as the Mishneh Torah or Shulchan Aruch.

Kitzur Shulchan Aruch (book)

A full set of the Babylonian Talmud

The Kitzur Shulchan Aruch (קיצור שולחן ערוך), first published in 1864, is a work of halacha written by Rabbi Shlomo Ganzfried.

Meir Eisenstaedter

Hungarian rabbi, Talmudist, and paytan (liturgic poet).

Rabbi Meir Eisenstaedter
Imre Esh Title page of 1864 edition

Rabbi Shlomo Ganzfried, author of the Kitzur Shulchan Aruch served as dayan (rabbinic judge) during this time in Ungvár.

Anger

Intense emotional state involving a strong uncomfortable and non-cooperative response to a perceived provocation, hurt or threat.

The Anger of Achilles, by Giovanni Battista Tiepolo depicts the Greek hero attacking Agamemnon.
An angry exchange between two people, as evidenced by their body language and facial expressions. To hear the angry exchange, listen to the audio below.
The Fury of Athamas by John Flaxman (1755–1826).
The Seven Deadly Sins and the Four Last Things, by Hieronymus Bosch (1485). "Wrath" is depicted at the bottom in a series of circular images. Below the image is the Latin inscription Cave Cave Deus Videt ("Beware, Beware, God is Watching").
Angel with Temperance and Humility virtues versus Devil with Rage and Wrath sins. A fresco from the 1717 Saint Nicolas Orthodox church in Cukovets, Pernik Province, Bulgaria
Saul attacks David (who had been playing music to help Saul feel better), 1860 woodcut by Julius Schnorr von Karolsfeld, a Lutheran
The Great Day of His Wrath, by John Martin (1789–1854).

In its section dealing with ethical traits a person should adopt, the Kitzur Shulchan Aruch states: "Anger is also a very evil trait and it should be avoided at all costs. You should train yourself not to become angry even if you have a good reason to be angry."

Torah im Derech Eretz

Torah im Derech Eretz (תורה עם דרך ארץ – Torah with "the way of the land" )

A blacksmith at work. Illustration by Ephraim Moses Lilien (1874–1925).
"Whilst time is unveiling, Science is exploring Nature". 18th century engraving by William Skelton (1763–1848), symbolizing knowledge of the natural world.
Understanding, mural by Robert Lewis Reid (1862–1929) in Library of Congress Thomas Jefferson Building, Washington, D.C.
Samson Raphael Hirsch.
Interaction with modern culture is one aspect of Torah im Derech Eretz. Hirsch saw a common ground in values exposed by a philosopher like Schiller. The image, by Luise Duttenhofer (1776–1829), depicts Schiller reading.
Torah im Derech Eretz shaped the curriculum of the Beis Yaakov school system. The second graduating class of the Beis Yaakov in Łódź, Poland, in 1934.

The popular Kitzur Shulchan Aruch more generally requires that:

Torah study

Study of the Torah, Hebrew Bible, Talmud, responsa, rabbinic literature and similar works, all of which are Judaism's religious texts.

Rabbis debating the Talmud, 1870
A historic painting of Jews studying Torah
Students in the Mir Yeshiva, Jerusalem studying Talmud as a chavrusa
A Torah class in Jerusalem
Rabbis engaged in Talmud study, early 20th century
A Shiur being given by the Rosh Yeshiva at Yeshivat Har Etzion
Rabbi and his students in Moscow, Russia
Yeshivat Har Etzion in Alon Shevut
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Kitzur Shulchan Aruch Yomi - daily study (1 year cycle)

Beshalach

Sixteenth weekly Torah portion (, parashah) in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading and the fourth in the Book of Exodus.

Pharaoh's Army Engulfed by the Red Sea (1900 painting by Frederick Arthur Bridgman)
When the Pharaoh Was Told that the People Had Escaped, He Changed His Mind (1984 illustration by Jim Padgett, courtesy of Distant Shores Media/Sweet Publishing)
Israel's Escape from Egypt (illustration from a Bible card published 1907 by the Providence Lithograph Company)
The Egyptians Are Destroyed (watercolor circa 1896–1902 by James Tissot)
God Made the Water Fit To Drink (1984 illustration by Jim Padgett, courtesy of Distant Shores Media/Sweet Publishing)
The Gathering of the Manna (watercolor circa 1896–1902 by James Tissot)
Victory O Lord (1871 painting by John Everett Millais)
Sabbath candles
Mattathias appealing to Jewish refugees (illustration by Gustave Doré from the 1866 La Sainte Bible)
Possible routes of the Exodus
Moses took with him the body of Joseph (1984 illustration by Jim Padgett, courtesy of Distant Shores Media/Sweet Publishing)
The Waters Are Divided (watercolor circa 1896–1902 by James Tissot)
The Destruction of Pharaoh's Army (illustration from the 1890 Holman Bible)
The Crossing of the Red Sea (1634 painting by Nicolas Poussin)
Crossing the sea (illustration from the 1493 Nuremberg Chronicle)
Moses Held Out His Hand Over the Sea (1984 illustration by Jim Padgett, courtesy of Distant Shores Media/Sweet Publishing)
The Water Was Divided (1984 illustration by Jim Padgett, courtesy of Distant Shores Media/Sweet Publishing)
Pharaoh and His Host Drowned in the Red Sea (illustration from the 1728 Figures de la Bible)
The Egyptians Drown in the Red Sea (woodcut by Julius Schnorr von Carolsfeld from the 1860 Die Bibel in Bildern)
Moses and the People Sang to the Lord (1984 illustration by Jim Padgett, courtesy of Distant Shores Media/Sweet Publishing)
The Songs of Joy (watercolor circa 1896–1902 by James Tissot)
Miriam and the Israelites Rejoicing (illustration from the 1890 Holman Bible)
The Women Celebrated as Moses' Sister Miriam Sang (1984 illustration by Jim Padgett, courtesy of Distant Shores Media/Sweet Publishing)
Israel Enters the Promised Land (illustration from a Bible card published between 1896 and 1913 by the Providence Lithograph Company)
Moses in the Bulrushes (19th Century painting by Hippolyte Delaroche)
The Israelites Gather Manna in the Wilderness (illustration from the 1728 Figures de la Bible)
The Giving of Quail (illustration from a Bible card published 1901 by the Providence Lithograph Company)
Some people paid no attention and saved part of it. (1984 illustration by Jim Padgett, courtesy of Distant Shores Media/Sweet Publishing)
Maimonides
Columbus
Franklin's design for the Great Seal of the United States (1856 illustration by Benson J. Lossing)
Mendelssohn
Kugel
Spinoza
The Song of the sea as it is written in a Sefer Torah
A page from a 14th-century German Haggadah
Deborah Beneath the Palm Tree (watercolor circa 1896–1902 by James Tissot)
Jael Smote Sisera, and Slew Him (watercolor circa 1896–1902 by James Tissot)
Talmud
Rashi
Judah Halevi
Maimonides
Nachmanides
Zohar
Hobbes
Hirsch
Dickinson
Cohen
Joyce
Mann
Cross
Heschel
Cassuto
Plaut
Finkelstein
Sacks
Herzfeld
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Shlomo Ganzfried. Kitzur Shulchon Oruch, 90:3. Hungary, 1864. Translated by Eliyahu Touger, volume 1, pages 387–88. New York: Moznaim Publishing Corp., 1991.