Shmelke of Nikolsburg

The tombstone of Shmuel Shmelke HaLevi in Nikolsburg

Early Hasidic master and kabbalist, who is amongst the most important figures to early Polish Hasidism.

- Shmelke of Nikolsburg

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Dov Ber of Mezeritch

Disciple of Rabbi Israel ben Eliezer (the Baal Shem Tov), the founder of Hasidic Judaism, and was chosen as his successor to lead the early movement.

Title page of Maggid Devarav L'Yaakov (Koretz, 1781 edition).
Mausoleum in Hanipol where he is buried alongside Zusha of Hanipol, Reb Leib HaKohen

His inner circle of disciples, known as the Chevraia Kadisha ("Holy Brotherhood"), included Rabbis Avraham HaMalach (his son), Nachum of Czernobyl, Elimelech of Lizhensk, Zusha of Hanipol, Levi Yitzchok of Berditchev, Boruch of Medzhybizh, Aharon (HaGadol) of Karlin, Chaim Chaykl of Amdur, Menachem Mendel of Vitebsk, Shmuel Shmelke of Nikolsburg, Shlomo Flam (the Lutzker Maggid) and Shneur Zalman of Liadi.

Hasidic Judaism in Poland

History of Hasidic Judaism and Hasidic philosophy in Poland.

Gravestone of the Seer in the old Jewish cemetery in Lublin
Grand Synagogue of Przysucha
Simcha Bunim of Peshischa
Grave of the Kotzker rebbe in Kock.
Błażowa, 1930s
Sanok, 1930s
Przeworsk (Pshevorsk)
"Hasidic boys in Poland"
Rabbi Mordechai Yosef Elazar Leiner of Radzin on left, 1928
Rabbi Shmuel Shlomo Leiner of Radzin
Chachmei Lublin Yeshiva, 1932

Hasidic Judaism in Poland began with Elimelech Weisblum of Lizhensk (Leżajsk) (1717-1787) and to a lesser extant Shmelke Horowitz of Nikolsburg (Mikulov) (1726-1778).

Yaakov Yitzchak of Lublin

Yaakov Yitzchak HaLevi Horowitz (יעקב יצחק הלוי הורוביץ), known as "the Seer of Lublin", ha-Chozeh MiLublin; (c.

The ohel of the Rebbe

He continued his studies under Shmelke of Nilkolsburg and Elimelech of Lizhensk.


Town in Břeclav District in the South Moravian Region of the Czech Republic.

Official seal, 1810
Jewish quarter (1900s)
Mikulov Castle
Chapel of St. Sebastian on the Svatý Kopeček Hill
Main square and sgraffit house
Main square view towards the chapel
Castle in Mikulov
Castle park
Synagogue in the former Jewish quarter

Shmuel Shmelke (1772–1778)

Levi Yitzchok of Berditchev

Hasidic master and Jewish leader.

Mausoleum of Rabbi Levi Yitzchak in the old cemetery in Berdychiv, May 2003.
His signature

He was one of the main disciples of the Maggid of Mezritch, and of his disciple Rabbi Shmelke of Nikolsburg, whom he succeeded as rabbi of Ryczywół.


City in Chortkiv Raion, Ternopil Oblast (province) in western Ukraine.

Chortkiv Castle
Town hall
City hall
Assumption Church in Chortkiv
Historic county court building
Ruins of Chortkiv Castle and Regimental Church
St. Stanislaus Church
Hasidic synagogue of Chortkiv
Railway station
Chortkiv House of Culture
City centre and the old Town Hall in Chortkiv
Football Match at Stadium in the city Chortkiv, 1938
Peter and Paul Cathedral

Shmelke of Nikolsburg (1746–1778), one of the great early Chasidic Rebbes

Nikolsburg (Hasidic dynasty)

Grave of Reb Shmelke in Nikolsburg.

Nikolsburg (Yiddish: ניקאלשפורג) is the name of several Hasidic dynasties descending from Rabbi Shmuel Shmelke Horowitz (1726 - 1778), who held a rabbinic post in Nikolsburg, Margraviate of Moravia (now part of the Czech Republic), from where the dynasty gets in name.

Boston (Hasidic dynasty)

Hasidic dynasty, originally established in 1915 by Rabbi Pinchas David Horowitz, a scion of the Nikolsburg Hasidic dynasty.

The Beit Pinchas New England Chassidic Center on Beacon Street, Brookline, Massachusetts, the location of the Bostoner court in the United States
The Israel Boston Chassidic Center on Ruzhin Street, Har Nof, Jerusalem
L-to-R, Admor Grand Rabbi Pinchas Duvid Horowitz of New York, Admor Grand Rabbi Mayer Alter Horowitz of Jerusalem, Admor Grand Rabbi Naftali Yehudah Horowitz of Boston

Grand Rabbi Pinchas David Horowitz, the first Bostoner Rebbe, a scion of Shmelke of Nikolsburg and the Lelov dynasty, was born in Jerusalem in Ottoman Syria.

Yisroel Hopstein

The founder of Kozhnitz Hasidism, and a noted hasidic leader in Poland during the late 18th and early 19th century.


He studied under the tutelage of Rabbi Shmelke of Nikolsburg, who eventually convinced Hopstein to learn with Dov Ber, the Maggid of Mezritch.

Pinchas Horowitz

Rabbi Pinchas HaLevi Horowitz (c.

The tombstone of Horowitz in Frankfurt am Main-Innenstadt.

The descendant of a long line of rabbinical ancestors and the son of Rabbi Zvi Hirsch Horowitz of Chortkiv, he received a thorough Talmudic education, chiefly from his older brother, Rabbi Shmelke of Nikolsburg, together with whom he was a follower of Rabbi Dov Ber of Mezeritch, the Maggid of Mezeritch.