Shock absorber

shock absorbersdampersdampershockshocksshock absorbingtelescopic dampersdampingoleotelescopic shock absorber
A shock absorber or damper is a mechanical or hydraulic device designed to absorb and damp shock impulses.wikipedia
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Shock (mechanics)

shockmechanical shockImpact shock
A shock absorber or damper is a mechanical or hydraulic device designed to absorb and damp shock impulses.

Dashpot

dampersdamperdashpots
Most shock absorbers are a form of dashpot (a damper which resists motion via viscous friction).
Dashpots are commonly used in dampers and shock absorbers.

Friction disk shock absorber

friction dampersHartford dampersHartford shock absorber
Motorcycle front suspension adopted coil sprung Druid forks from about 1906, and similar designs later added rotary friction dampers, which damped both ways - but they were adjustable (e.g. 1924 Webb forks).
Friction disk shock absorbers or André Hartford dampers were an early form of shock absorber or damper used for car suspension.

Lever arm shock absorber

lever armlever arm dampershydraulic lever arm
These used a lever arm which moved hydraulically damped vanes inside the unit.
Lever arm shock absorbers were the first form of hydraulic shock absorber or damper used for car suspension.

Leaf spring

leaf springsleaf-sprungleaf-spring
Spring-based shock absorbers commonly use coil springs or leaf springs, though torsion bars are used in torsional shocks as well.
As a substitute for dampers (shock absorbers), some manufacturers laid non-metallic sheets in between the metal leaves, such as wood.

Torsion bar suspension

torsion bartorsion-bartorsion bars
Spring-based shock absorbers commonly use coil springs or leaf springs, though torsion bars are used in torsional shocks as well.
The Minor used lever arm dampers with its torsion bars while the Oxford and the Six used innovative telescopic dampers.

Ride quality

rideRide controlsmooth ride
In a vehicle, shock absorbers reduce the effect of traveling over rough ground, leading to improved ride quality and vehicle handling.
The main factors which affect ride quality are the stiffness of the suspension components (e.g. springs, shock absorbers, anti-roll bars and bushings).

Multimatic

Multimatic MDP1MBD Sportscar Team
Primary among benefits cited in Multimatic’s 2010 patent filing is the elimination of performance ambiguity associated with flexible shims, resulting in mathematically predictable, repeatable, and robust pressure-flow characteristics.
The company also markets the patented Multimatic DSSV (Dynamic Suspension Spool Valve) damper through its Dynamic Suspensions brand.

Tuned mass damper

mass dampertuned mass dampersdamper
Mass dampers are frequently implemented with a frictional or hydraulic component that turns mechanical kinetic energy into heat, like an automotive shock absorber.

Oleo strut

oleooleo legsoleo leg
An oleo strut is a pneumatic air–oil hydraulic shock absorber used on the landing gear of most large aircraft and many smaller ones.

Magnetorheological damper

magneto rheological damperadjustable damperselectromagnetic damper
A magnetorheological damper or magnetorheological shock absorber is a damper filled with magnetorheological fluid, which is controlled by a magnetic field, usually using an electromagnet.

Mors (automobile)

MorsÉmile MorsAmerican Mors
In 1902, Mors added pneumatic shock absorbers to their cars, which represented a great leap forward given the quality of the roads and racetracks at the time.

Hydropneumatic suspension

hydropneumaticLHMLHS
The principles illustrated by the successful use of hydropneumatic suspension are now used in a broad range of applications, such as aircraft oleo struts and gas filled automobile shock absorbers, first patented in the U.S. in 1934 by Cleveland Pneumatic Tool Co. This type of suspension for automobiles was inspired by the pneumatic suspension used for aircraft landing gear, which was also partly filled with oil for lubrication and to prevent gas leakage, as patented in 1933 by the same company.

Automobile handling

handlingcar handlingvehicle handling
In a vehicle, shock absorbers reduce the effect of traveling over rough ground, leading to improved ride quality and vehicle handling.
So the "wheel bounce" due to wheel inertia, or resonant motion of the unsprung weight moving up and down on the springiness of the tire, is only poorly damped, mainly by the dampers or shock absorbers of the suspension.

Self-levelling suspension

self-levellingself-levelingself-leveling suspension
Of similar construction to a hydraulic shock absorber the strut used the motion of the suspension travelling over bumps to pump itself back up to a pre-set height.

Electrorheological fluid

electrorheologicalElectrorheological (ER) fluidER
Other common applications are in ER brakes (think of a brake as a clutch with one side fixed) and shock absorbers (which can be thought of as closed hydraulic systems where the shock is used to try to pump fluid through a valve).

Strut

strut-bracedstrutscross-members
A MacPherson strut combines the primary function of a shock absorber (as a damper), with the ability to support sideways loads not along its axis of compression, somewhat similar to a sliding pillar suspension, thus eliminating the need for an upper suspension arm.

Damping ratio

dampingdampedoverdamped
A shock absorber or damper is a mechanical or hydraulic device designed to absorb and damp shock impulses.

Kinetic energy

kinetickinetic energiesenergy
It does this by converting the kinetic energy of the shock into another form of energy (typically heat) which is then dissipated.

Thermal energy

thermalheatenergy
It does this by converting the kinetic energy of the shock into another form of energy (typically heat) which is then dissipated.

Pneumatics

pneumaticpneumaticallycompressed air
Pneumatic and hydraulic shock absorbers are used in conjunction with cushions and springs.

Hydraulic cylinder

hydraulic cylindershydraulic actuatorshydraulic
In hydraulic cylinders, the hydraulic fluid heats up, while in air cylinders, the hot air is usually exhausted to the atmosphere.

Hydraulic fluid

hydraulic oiltransmission fluidhydraulic
In hydraulic cylinders, the hydraulic fluid heats up, while in air cylinders, the hot air is usually exhausted to the atmosphere.

Pneumatic cylinder

cylindercylindersPneumatic
In hydraulic cylinders, the hydraulic fluid heats up, while in air cylinders, the hot air is usually exhausted to the atmosphere.