Shogi

shōgiJapanese chessamateur 5-dan ranked playerdropsfive danImpassekingSenteShogi boardssilver
Shogi, also known as Japanese chess or the Game of Generals, is a two-player strategy board game native to Japan in the same family as chess, makruk, shatranj, janggi and xiangqi, and is the most popular chess variant in Japan.wikipedia
428 Related Articles

Chess

chess playerchess gamewestern chess
Shogi, also known as Japanese chess or the Game of Generals, is a two-player strategy board game native to Japan in the same family as chess, makruk, shatranj, janggi and xiangqi, and is the most popular chess variant in Japan.
Chaturanga is also the likely ancestor of the Eastern strategy games xiangqi, janggi, and shogi.

Chess variant

chess variantsvariantvariant of chess
Shogi, also known as Japanese chess or the Game of Generals, is a two-player strategy board game native to Japan in the same family as chess, makruk, shatranj, janggi and xiangqi, and is the most popular chess variant in Japan.
Chess is theorised to have been developed from chaturanga, from which other members of this family, such as shatranj, shogi, and xiangqi, also evolved.

Xiangqi

Chinese chesschess Chinese Chess (Xiang-Qi)
Shogi, also known as Japanese chess or the Game of Generals, is a two-player strategy board game native to Japan in the same family as chess, makruk, shatranj, janggi and xiangqi, and is the most popular chess variant in Japan.
It is one of the most popular board games in China, and is in the same family as Western (or international) chess, chaturanga, shogi, Indian chess and janggi.

Abstract strategy game

abstract strategystrategyabstract strategy games
Shogi, also known as Japanese chess or the Game of Generals, is a two-player strategy board game native to Japan in the same family as chess, makruk, shatranj, janggi and xiangqi, and is the most popular chess variant in Japan.
Many of the world's classic board games, including chess, Go (also called "wei-chi" and "baduk"), checkers and draughts, xiangqi (Chinese chess), shogi (Japanese version of Chinese chess), Reversi (marketed as "Othello"), Nine Men's Morris, and most mancala variants, fit into this category.

Chaturanga

chaturaṅgachathurangamSathurangam
The earliest predecessor of the game, chaturanga, originated in India in the 6th century.
Chaturanga, or catur for short, is an ancient Indian strategy game that is commonly theorized to be the common ancestor of the board games chess, shogi, sittuyin, makruk, xiangqi and janggi.

Meijin (shogi)

MeijinLifetime MeijinClass A professional
Time limits are much longer than in international chess (9 hours a side plus extra time in the prestigious Meijin title match), and in addition byōyomi (literally "second counting") is employed.
Meijin is one of the 8 titles in Japanese professional shogi, and is the most prestigious title, along with Ryūō.

Professional shogi player

professionalprofessional shogi playersfemale professional
Professional games are timed as in international chess, but professional shogi players are almost never expected to keep time in their games.
A professional shogi player (将棋棋士 shōgi kishi or プロ棋士 puro kishi "professional player") is a shogi player who is usually a member of a professional guild of shogi players.

Check (chess)

checkcheckschecking
2) Drop Pawn Mate (打ち歩詰め uchifudzume): A pawn cannot be dropped to give an immediate checkmate. (Although other pieces may be dropped to give immediate checkmate.) A pawn may, however, be dropped to give immediate check as long as it is not also mate. It is also permissible to mate a king with a pawn that is already on the board.
A check is a condition in chess, shogi, and xiangqi that occurs when a player's king (or general in xiangqi) is under threat of on their opponent's next turn.

Tsume shogi

tsumeshogiTsume Shogi Solving Competitioncheckmate
(See also: tsumeshogi, hisshi.)
Tsume shogi (詰将棋 or 詰め将棋) or tsume is the Japanese term for a shogi miniature problem in which the goal is to checkmate the opponent's king.

Bishop Exchange Fourth File Rook

For instance, Bishop Exchange Fourth File Rook is a passive strategy for White with the goal of a repetition draw (as it requires two tempo losses – swinging the rook and trading the bishops) while it is a very aggressive strategy if played by Black.
In shogi, the Bishop Exchange Fourth File Rook (角交換四間飛車 kaku kōkan shikenbisha) or Open Bishop Diagonal Fourth File Rook (角道オープン四間飛車 kaku michi shikenbisha) is a Fourth File Rook (Ranging Rook) opening in which the player's bishop diagonal remains open allowing for a bishop exchange to occur early in the opening.

Sennichite

fourfold repetitionrepetition draw
Making perpetual check four times (cf. sennichite)
Sennichite (千日手, lit. "moves (for) a thousand days") or repetition draw is a rule in shogi stating that the game will end in a draw if the same position is repeated four times during a game.

Board game

board gamesboardboardgame
Shogi, also known as Japanese chess or the Game of Generals, is a two-player strategy board game native to Japan in the same family as chess, makruk, shatranj, janggi and xiangqi, and is the most popular chess variant in Japan.
Chess variants – traditional variants e.g. shogi, xiangqi, or janggi; modern variants e.g. Chess960, Grand Chess, Hexagonal chess, or Alice Chess

Brinkmate

threatmatehisshi
(See also: tsumeshogi, hisshi.)
In shogi, brinkmate or hisshi (必至 "desperation, inevitability" or 必死 "sure kill") is the situation in which an unavoidable 詰め tsume checkmate sequence will be created by the player's next move.

Handicap (shogi)

handicaphandicap game19-piece "Naked King" handicap game
In a handicap game, one or more of White's pieces are removed from the setup, and instead White plays first.
In shōgi, a handicap game (駒落戦 koma ochisen, 駒落 koma ochi, ハンデキャップ handekyappu, 不利益 furieki) is a game setup used between players of disparate strengths, in which one or more pieces are removed from the stronger player's side.

Shogi opening

openingopeningsDemon Slayer
The opening consists of arranging one's defenses usually in a castle and positioning for attack, the mid game consists of attempting to break through the opposing defenses while maintaining one's own, and the endgame starts when one side's defenses have been compromised.
A shogi opening is the sequence of initial moves of a shogi game before the middle game.

Anaguma castle

AnagumaStatic Rook Anaguma
In the adjacent diagram example, although White's king is in a strong Anaguma castle, Black's king has entered White's territory making it very difficult to mate. This Static Rook position is specifically a type of Counter-Ranging Rook position known as Static Rook Anaguma that uses an Anaguma castle.
The Anaguma or Bear In The Hole (穴熊 anaguma, lit. "hole-bear") is a castle used in shogi.

Castle (shogi)

castleBoat castleMino
The opening consists of arranging one's defenses usually in a castle and positioning for attack, the mid game consists of attempting to break through the opposing defenses while maintaining one's own, and the endgame starts when one side's defenses have been compromised.
In shogi, castles (囲い kakoi) are strong defensive configurations of pieces that protect the king .

Perpetual check

perpetually checks
Making perpetual check four times (cf. sennichite)
For example, giving perpetual check is not allowed in shogi and xiangqi, where doing so leads to an automatic loss for the giver.

81Dojo

For instance, the Declaration rule on the online shogi site, 81Dojo, is that the player who wants to declare an Impasse win must (i) declare an intention win via Impasse, (ii) have the king in the enemy camp (the promotion zone for that player), (iii) 10 other pieces must be in the promotion zone, (iv) not be in check, (v) have time remaining, and (vi) must have 28 points if Black or 27 points if White.
81Dojo (Japanese: hachi-jū-ichi dōjō; hachi-jū-ichi or hachi-ichi, for short) is a nonprofit internet shogi server and internet forum in English and Japanese languages.

Fourth File Rook

Fourth File
In the adjacent diagram, Black has chosen a Ranging Rook position (specifically Fourth File Rook) where the rook has been moved leftward away from its starting position.
In shogi, Fourth File Rook (四間飛車 shikenbisha) is a class of Ranging Rook openings in which the rook is initially positioned on the fourth file if played by White or the sixth file if played by Black.

Static Rook Anaguma

This Static Rook position is specifically a type of Counter-Ranging Rook position known as Static Rook Anaguma that uses an Anaguma castle.
In shogi, Static Rook Anaguma or Static Rook Bear In The Hole (居飛車穴熊 ibisha anaguma) is a Static Rook opening that utilizes an Anaguma castle.

Dan (rank)

dandan ranknidan
Amateur players are ranked from 15 kyū to 1 kyū and then from 1 dan to 8 dan.
Dan ranks are also given for strategic board games such as go, Japanese chess (shōgi), and renju, as well as for cultural arts such as flower arrangement (ikebana), Japanese calligraphy (shodō) and tea ceremony (sadō).

Ranging Rook

Opposing Rook
In the adjacent diagram, Black has chosen a Ranging Rook position (specifically Fourth File Rook) where the rook has been moved leftward away from its starting position.
Ranging Rook or Swinging Rook (振り飛車 furibisha) openings in shogi position the rook to the center or left of the player's board to support an attack there.

Minishogi

In comparison, shogi games average about 140 (half-)moves per game (or 70 chess move-pairs) where as western chess games average about 80 moves per game (or 40 chess move-pairs) and minishogi averages about 40 moves per game (or 20 chess move-pairs).
Minishogi (5五将棋 gogo shōgi "5V chess" or "5×5 chess") is a modern variant of shogi (Japanese chess).

Kyū

kyugeupwhite
Amateur players are ranked from 15 kyū to 1 kyū and then from 1 dan to 8 dan.
Kyū is a Japanese term used in modern martial arts as well as in tea ceremony, flower arranging, Go, shogi, academic tests and other similar activities to designate various grades, levels or degrees of proficiency or experience.