Shoot

shootsfruiting spurspur shootshort shootssproutsproutsheterophyllousheterophyllyplant shootplant shoots
In botany, shoots consist of stems including their appendages, the leaves and lateral buds, flowering stems and flower buds.wikipedia
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Plant stem

stemstemsinternode
In botany, shoots consist of stems including their appendages, the leaves and lateral buds, flowering stems and flower buds.
The term "shoots" is often confused with "stems"; "shoots" generally refers to new fresh plant growth including both stems and other structures like leaves or flowers.

Germination

germinategerminatinggerminates
The new growth from seed germination that grows upward is a shoot where leaves will develop.
After the root absorbs water, an embryonic shoot emerges from the seed.

Botany

botanistbotanicalplant biology
In botany, shoots consist of stems including their appendages, the leaves and lateral buds, flowering stems and flower buds.
The shoots consist of stems bearing green photosynthesising leaves and reproductive structures.

Bud

budsflower budterminal bud
In botany, shoots consist of stems including their appendages, the leaves and lateral buds, flowering stems and flower buds.
In botany, a bud is an undeveloped or embryonic shoot and normally occurs in the axil of a leaf or at the tip of a stem.

Heteroblasty (botany)

heteroblasticheteroblastyheterophyllous
Heteroblasty (botany), abrupt change in the growth pattern of some plants as they mature
It should not be confused with seasonal heterophylly, where early and late growth in a season are markedly different.

Lateral shoot

Lateral shoot
A lateral shoot is a part of a plant's shoot system.

Thorns, spines, and prickles

spinesthornthorns
Thorn (botany), true thorns, as distinct from spines or prickles, are short shoots
In common language the terms are used more or less interchangeably, but in botanical terms, thorns are derived from shoots (so that they may or may not be branched, they may or may not have leaves, and they may or may not arise from a bud), spines are derived from leaves (either the entire leaf or some part of the leaf that has vascular bundles inside, like the petiole or a stipule), and prickles are derived from epidermis tissue (so that they can be found anywhere on the plant and do not have vascular bundles inside ).

Perennial plant

perennialperennialsherbaceous perennial
In the spring, perennial plant shoots are the new growth that grows from the ground in herbaceous plants or the new stem or flower growth that grows on woody plants.

Herbaceous plant

herbherbaceousherbs
In the spring, perennial plant shoots are the new growth that grows from the ground in herbaceous plants or the new stem or flower growth that grows on woody plants.

Natural fiber

natural fibrenaturalfiber
Young shoots are often eaten by animals because the fibres in the new growth have not yet completed secondary cell wall development, making the young shoots softer and easier to chew and digest.

Secondary cell wall

secondary cell wallssecondary walls
Young shoots are often eaten by animals because the fibres in the new growth have not yet completed secondary cell wall development, making the young shoots softer and easier to chew and digest.

Bracken

bracken fernfern brackenPteridium aquilinum
Some plants (e.g. bracken) produce toxins that make their shoots inedible or less palatable.

Toxin

toxinstoxicbiotoxin
Some plants (e.g. bracken) produce toxins that make their shoots inedible or less palatable.

Woody plant

woodywoody plantsligneous
Many woody plants have distinct short shoots and long shoots. In some angiosperms, the short shoots, also called spur shoots or fruit spurs, produce the majority of flowers and fruit.

Flowering plant

Angiospermsflowering plantsangiosperm
Many woody plants have distinct short shoots and long shoots. In some angiosperms, the short shoots, also called spur shoots or fruit spurs, produce the majority of flowers and fruit.

Pinophyta

coniferconiferousconifers
A similar pattern occurs in some conifers and in Ginkgo, although the "short shoots" of some genera such as Picea are so small that they can be mistaken for part of the leaf that they have produced.

Ginkgo

gingkoginkgosGinkgo biloba
A similar pattern occurs in some conifers and in Ginkgo, although the "short shoots" of some genera such as Picea are so small that they can be mistaken for part of the leaf that they have produced.

Lammas growth

A related phenomenon is seasonal heterophylly, which involves visibly different leaves from spring growth and later lammas growth.

Sterigma

sterigmata
Sterigma, the "woody peg" below the leaf of some conifers

Bamboo shoot

bamboo shootsbambooshoot
Bamboo shoots or bamboo sprouts are the edible shoots (new bamboo culms that come out of the ground) of many bamboo species including Bambusa vulgaris and Phyllostachys edulis.

Leaf

leavesaxilfoliage
The leaves and stem together form the shoot.

Coppicing

coppicecoppicedcopse
Coppicing is a traditional method of woodland management which exploits the capacity of many species of trees to put out new shoots from their stump or roots if cut down.

Epicormic shoot

epicormic budsepicormicepicormic bud
An epicormic shoot is a shoot growing from an epicormic bud, which lies underneath the bark of a trunk, stem, or branch of a plant.

Sprouting

bean sproutbean sproutssprouts
Sprouting is the natural germination process by which seeds or spores put out shoots, plants produce new leaves or buds, or other newly developing parts experience further growth.

Sprout

sprouts
Shoot, the early growth of a plant