Shorthand

stenographerstenographystenographersstenographicshorthand typistshorthand writingShort Handstenostenographiestachygraphic
Shorthand is an abbreviated symbolic writing method that increases speed and brevity of writing as compared to longhand, a more common method of writing a language.wikipedia
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Autocomplete

code completionautocompletionword prediction
In the computerized world, several autocomplete programs, standalone or integrated in text editors, based on word lists, also include a shorthand function for frequently used phrases.
Many Autocomplete programs can also be used to create a Shorthand list.

Marcus Tullius Tiro

TiroMarcus Tullius M. l. Tiro
In Ancient Rome, Marcus Tullius Tiro (103–4 BC), a slave and later a freedman of Cicero, developed the Tironian notes so that he could write down Cicero's speeches.
He also wrote a considerable number of books himself, and possibly invented an early form of shorthand.

Timothie Bright

Timothy BrightDr. Timothie Bright
In 1588 Timothy Bright published his Characterie; An Arte of Shorte, Swifte and Secrete Writing by Character which introduced a system with 500 arbitrary symbols each representing one word.
Timothie Bright, M.D. (1551?–1615) was an Early Modern English physician and clergyman, the inventor of modern shorthand.

Thomas Shelton (stenographer)

Thomas SheltonThomas Skelton
Bright's book was followed by a number of others, including Peter Bales' The Writing Schoolemaster in 1590, John Willis's Art of Stenography in 1602, Edmond Willis's An abbreviation of writing by character in 1618, and Thomas Shelton's Short Writing in 1626 (later re-issued as Microscopic Editing Software).
Thomas Shelton (1600/01–1650 was an English stenographer and the inventor of a much-used British 17th- and 18th-century stenography.

Theophilus Metcalfe

Shelton's chief rivals were Theophilus Metcalfe's Stenography or Short Writing (1633) which was in its "55th edition" by 1721, and Jeremiah Rich's system of 1654, which was published under various titles including The penns dexterity compleated (1669).
He invented a shorthand system that became popular, in particular, in New England, where it was used to record the Salem witch trials.

John Byrom

ByromByromsByron's Shorthand Act 1741
Modern-looking geometric shorthand was introduced with John Byrom's New Universal Shorthand of 1720.
John Byrom or John Byrom of Kersal or John Byrom of Manchester FRS (29 February 1692 – 26 September 1763) was an English poet, the inventor of a revolutionary system of shorthand and later a significant landowner.

Jeremiah Rich

Shelton's chief rivals were Theophilus Metcalfe's Stenography or Short Writing (1633) which was in its "55th edition" by 1721, and Jeremiah Rich's system of 1654, which was published under various titles including The penns dexterity compleated (1669).
Jeremiah Rich (died 1660?) was an English stenographer, who published a pioneering system of shorthand writing.

Samuel Pepys

PepysDiary of Samuel PepysDiary
Longer term uses do exist, such as encipherment: diaries (like that of Samuel Pepys) are a common example.
The diary was written in one of the many standard forms of shorthand used in Pepys' time, in this case called tachygraphy and devised by Thomas Shelton.

Thomas Gurney (shorthand writer)

Thomas GurneyGurney
Thomas Gurney published Brachygraphy in the mid-18th century.
Thomas Gurney (1705–1770) was an English shorthand-writer.

Gabelsberger shorthand

Gabelsberger
In 1834 in Germany, Franz Xaver Gabelsberger published his Gabelsberger shorthand.
Gabelsberger shorthand, named for its creator, is a form of shorthand previously common in Germany and Austria.

Isaac Pitman

Sir Isaac PitmanPitmanPitman (publisher)
Taylor's system was superseded by Pitman shorthand, first introduced in 1837 by English teacher Sir Isaac Pitman, and improved many times since.
Sir Isaac Pitman (4 January 1813 – 22 January 1897), was a teacher of the English language who developed the most widely used system of shorthand, known now as Pitman shorthand.

Samuel Taylor (stenographer)

Samuel Taylor
Samuel Taylor published a similar system in 1786, the first English shorthand system to be used all over the English-speaking world.
Samuel Taylor (1748/49 – 1811 ) was the British inventor of a widely used system of stenography.

Taylor shorthand

Samuel Taylor's shorthandSamuel Taylor's systemsimilar system
Samuel Taylor published a similar system in 1786, the first English shorthand system to be used all over the English-speaking world.
The system of geometric shorthand published in Britain by Samuel Taylor in 1786, under the title An essay intended to establish a standard for an universal system of Stenography, or Short-hand writing, was the first shorthand system to be used across the English-speaking world.

Pitman shorthand

PitmanPitman's shorthandphonography
Taylor's system was superseded by Pitman shorthand, first introduced in 1837 by English teacher Sir Isaac Pitman, and improved many times since. Examples include Pitman Shorthand, Boyd's Syllabic Shorthand, Samuel Taylor's Universal Stenography, the French Prévost-Delaunay, and the Duployé system, adapted to write the Kamloops Wawa (used for Chinook Jargon) writing system.
Pitman shorthand is a system of shorthand for the English language developed by Englishman Sir Isaac Pitman (1813–1897), who first presented it in 1837.

Teeline Shorthand

Teeline
Other examples include Teeline Shorthand and Thomas Natural Shorthand.
Teeline is a shorthand system developed in 1968 by James Hill, a teacher of Pitman Shorthand.

Cursive script (East Asia)

cursive scriptcursiveGrass script
Japanese also has its own variously cursive form of writing kanji characters, the most extremely simplified of which is known as Sōsho.
It functions primarily as a kind of shorthand script or calligraphic style.

Boyd's syllabic shorthand

Examples include Pitman Shorthand, Boyd's Syllabic Shorthand, Samuel Taylor's Universal Stenography, the French Prévost-Delaunay, and the Duployé system, adapted to write the Kamloops Wawa (used for Chinook Jargon) writing system.
Boyd's syllabic shorthand is a system of shorthand invented by Robert Boyd, published originally in 1903, and updated in 1912.

Franz Xaver Gabelsberger

Gabelsberger
In 1834 in Germany, Franz Xaver Gabelsberger published his Gabelsberger shorthand.
Franz Xaver Gabelsberger (9 February 1789 – 4 January 1849, both in Munich) was a German inventor of a shorthand writing system, named Gabelsberger shorthand after him.

Thomas Natural Shorthand

Other examples include Teeline Shorthand and Thomas Natural Shorthand.
Thomas Natural Shorthand is an English shorthand system created by Charles A. Thomas which was first published in 1935.

Forkner shorthand

Examples of such systems include Stenoscript, Speedwriting and Forkner shorthand.
Forkner Shorthand is an alphabetic shorthand created by Hamden L. Forkner and first published in 1955.

Speedwriting

Examples of such systems include Stenoscript, Speedwriting and Forkner shorthand.
Speedwriting is the trademark under which three versions of a shorthand system were marketed during the 20th century.

John Robert Gregg

Gregg
In the United States and some other parts of the world it has been largely superseded by Gregg shorthand, which was first published in 1888 by John Robert Gregg.
John Robert Gregg (17 June 1867 – 23 February 1948) was an educator, publisher, humanitarian, and the inventor of the eponymous shorthand system Gregg Shorthand.

Cursive

longhandcursive writingcursive script
Shorthand is an abbreviated symbolic writing method that increases speed and brevity of writing as compared to longhand, a more common method of writing a language.

Words per minute

wpmtyping speedcharacters per minute
The record for fast writing with Pitman shorthand is 350 wpm during a two-minute test by Nathan Behrin in 1922.
Using stenography (shorthand) methods, this rate increases greatly.

SuperWrite

However, there are some pure alphabetic systems, including Personal Shorthand, SuperWrite, Easy Script Speed Writing, and Keyscript Shorthand which limit their symbols to a priori alphabetic characters.
SuperWrite is an English shorthand system based largely on previous shorthand systems and largely intended for people who need to increase their writing speed without devoting months to learning more complicated systems.