Shotgun

Series of individual 1/1,000,000-second exposures showing shotgun firing shot and wadding separation
Vincent Hancock in the men's skeet finals at the 2008 Summer Olympics
A Gurkha Contingent trooper in Singapore armed with a folding stock pump shotgun
An American marine fires a Benelli M4 shotgun during training in Arta, Djibouti, 23 December 2006
Confederate cavalryman
A United States Marine carrying a Winchester M97 shotgun during World War II
A view of the break-action of a typical double-barrelled shotgun, shown with the action open
A Winchester M1897, one of the first successful pump-action shotgun designs
A modern reproduction of the Winchester M1887 lever-action shotgun
Closeup of MTs255
A Browning A-5 semi-automatic shotgun
A United States Army soldier armed with a Mossberg 500 shotgun
Bond Arms Cowboy Defender .45 Colt/.410 Shotshell Derringer
U.S. Marines fire their shotguns
Loading 12-gauge shells
Two rounds of Fiocchi 12-gauge rubber buckshot
A homemade lupara
A RCMP officer in 2010 armed with a shotgun outfitted to fire beanbag rounds
Barack Obama skeet shooting with a Browning Citori 525 on the range at Camp David

Long-barreled firearm designed to shoot a straight-walled cartridge known as a shotshell, which usually discharges numerous small pellet-like spherical sub-projectiles called shot, or sometimes a single solid projectile called a slug.

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Series of individual 1/1,000,000-second exposures showing shotgun firing shot and wadding separation

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Series of individual 1/1,000,000-second exposures showing shotgun firing shot and wadding separation

Slug barrel

Series of individual 1/1,000,000-second exposures showing shotgun firing shot and wadding separation

A slug barrel is a shotgun barrel that is designed primarily to fire slugs instead of shot, and is usually rifled.

FN Herstal

Leading firearms manufacturer based in Herstal, Belgium.

Leading firearms manufacturer based in Herstal, Belgium.

View of the factory site
1913 FN motorcycle with four-cylinder in-line engine and shaft drive
1931 FN cabriolet
FN Browning Hi-Power pistol
Mitrailleuse d´Avion Browning - F.N. Calibre 13,2 mm airplane machine gun
FN Five-seven pistol with 5.7×28mm cartridges
P90 personal defense weapon
FN SCAR-L (MK 16) assault rifle and FN SCAR-H (MK 17) battle rifle
United States sailor fires an M240B, a U.S. version of the FN MAG, adopted for infantry use in the 1990s
Early M249 manufacture of FN Minimi
U.S. Marine aiming FN 303 fitted with holographic weapon sight
FN 5.7×28mm cartridges as used in P90 personal defense weapon and Five-seven pistol

F2000: 5.56×45mm NATO bullpup assault rifle, part of a system with a computerized sight and 40mm grenade launcher or 12 gauge shotgun.

A taser, with cartridge removed, making an electric arc between its two electrodes

Electroshock weapon

Less-lethal weapon that utilizes an electric shock to incapacitate a target by either temporarily disrupting voluntary muscle control and/or through pain compliance.

Less-lethal weapon that utilizes an electric shock to incapacitate a target by either temporarily disrupting voluntary muscle control and/or through pain compliance.

A taser, with cartridge removed, making an electric arc between its two electrodes
Electric cattle prod from the 1950s

Taser International has developed a long-range wireless electro-shock projectile called XREP(eXtended Range Electro-Muscular Projectile), which can be fired from any 12-gauge shotgun.

Winchester Model 1897 Trench Gun with M1917 bayonet

Combat shotgun

Winchester Model 1897 Trench Gun with M1917 bayonet
Winchester Model 1912 Trench Gun
Remington 1100 Tactical Shotgun in 12-gauge—holds eight 2" rounds in the tube
Confederate cavalryman with muzzle-loading shotgun
A group of US Marines in Iraq in 2005, armed with a combat shotgun, assault rifle, and squad automatic weapon
United States Marine carrying a Winchester M97 shotgun
A Mossberg 590 being used by a US Marine for door breaching in Karma, Iraq, in 2005
US soldiers in Tal Afar, Iraq, search for insurgents. The soldier in the foreground is carrying an assault rifle and a shotgun on a sling for breaching
A Mossberg 500 shotgun fitted with a grenade launcher adapter, shown holding a less lethal riot control grenade
A US soldier in Aksabah, Iraq, uses a pistol-grip shotgun to breach a locked door in a night operation
The Benelli M1014, seen in training use in Arta, Djibouti, late 2006

A combat shotgun is a shotgun issued by militaries for warfare.

The anatomy of a gunstock on a Ruger 10/22 semi-automatic rifle with Fajen thumbhole silhouette stock. 1) butt, 2) forend, 3) comb, 4) heel, 5) toe, 6) grip, 7) thumbhole

Stock (firearms)

Also known as a shoulder stock, a buttstock or simply a butt, is a part of a long gun that provides structural support, to which the barrel, action, and firing mechanism are attached.

Also known as a shoulder stock, a buttstock or simply a butt, is a part of a long gun that provides structural support, to which the barrel, action, and firing mechanism are attached.

The anatomy of a gunstock on a Ruger 10/22 semi-automatic rifle with Fajen thumbhole silhouette stock. 1) butt, 2) forend, 3) comb, 4) heel, 5) toe, 6) grip, 7) thumbhole
An early hand cannon, or gonne, supported by a simple stock
M1 Garand rifle with one-piece wooden stock
SPAS-12 shotgun with a skeletonized folding stock
Different styles of gunstock grips
Variations in gunstock combs
M16A1 cutaway rifle (top) and M16A2 (below) with a "straight-line" stock configuration
An M2010 Enhanced Sniper Rifle in a chassis system with adjustable buttplate and cheekriser
Gun stock construction on a lathe from the 1850s (photo circa 2015)
M4 carbine with a telescoping stock
An AK-103 with its stock folded
An Uzi submachine gun with a double-articulated folding stock
A bump stock allows semi-automatic firearms to shoot at a faster rate of fire that somewhat mimics fully automatic fire.
The Luger Artillery Pistol with its wooden holster attached
The CZ Škorpion with its folding wire stock extended.
A SIG MPX with a retractable Velcro-strap brace with two slide rods
SIG 550 rifle with folding stock
Colt Army Model 1860 revolver with a wooden detachable stock
Ruger 10/22 International with full length Mannlicher-style stock
AK-47 with a three piece stock consisting of butt, grip and fore-end
Storage compartment inside a buttstock with opened trapdoor

Stock dimensioning is especially important with shotguns, where the typical front-bead-only sight requires a consistent positioning of the shooter's eye over the center of the barrel for good accuracy.

Lov na race; čakališče na jezeru pri jami Lisišče (1759) by Franz Anton von Steinberg, which depicts waterfowl hunting

Waterfowl hunting

Practice of hunting ducks, geese, or other waterfowl for food and sport.

Practice of hunting ducks, geese, or other waterfowl for food and sport.

Lov na race; čakališče na jezeru pri jami Lisišče (1759) by Franz Anton von Steinberg, which depicts waterfowl hunting
Three waterfowl hunters donned in camouflage and armed with shotguns.
Firing a shot from a boat-mounted punt gun in Yorkshire, UK c. 1910
Duck hunters in a hunting blind. Decoys are visible in the water to the right.
A wooden blind in North Yorkshire
An illustration entitled "Sea Duck Shooting Over Decoys" from Feathered game of the Northeast (1907).
A photograph of a waterfowl hunter launching his boat, circa 1900–1912
A duck hunter with two mallards and one redhead. A Labrador Retriever and duck decoys are visible in the background.
Snowden Slights 'the last of Yorkshire's Wildfowlers'
Ducks are illegally netted in this photograph taken in 1916 which was presented to the Canadian Conservation of Fish, Birds and Game Committee.
Wild Duck Shooting, Crane Creek, Near Toledo, Ohio
Waterfowl flyways of North America
Retired professional baseball player Dazzy Vance hunting waterfowl on Crystal River in Florida which is on the edge of the Atlantic and Mississippi flyways.

The rise of modern waterfowl hunting is tied to the history of the shotgun, which shoots a pattern of round pellets making it easier to hit a moving target.

.45 Colt

Rimmed, straight-walled, handgun cartridge dating to 1872.

Rimmed, straight-walled, handgun cartridge dating to 1872.

Diagram of .45 Colt U.S. Army "ball cartridge" for Army M1909 revolver, with dimensions in inches.
.45 Colt shown alongside other cartridges. From left to right: .30-06, 7.62×39mm, .454 Casull, .45 Colt, .357 Magnum, .38 Special, .45 ACP, 9×19mm Parabellum, .380 ACP, .22 Long Rifle
.45 Colt cartridge featuring a jacketed hollow point bullet
All-lead hollow point and flat nose .45 Colt cartridges
.45 Colt cartridges

Several two-barrel derringers are sold that are chambered in .45 Colt, and some of these derringers can chamber a .410 bore shotgun shell without any modifications being required.

Diagram illustrating the relationship between distance, group size on the target (subtension) and angular group size.

Shot grouping

Collective pattern of projectile impacts on a target from multiple consecutive shots taken in one shooting session.

Collective pattern of projectile impacts on a target from multiple consecutive shots taken in one shooting session.

Diagram illustrating the relationship between distance, group size on the target (subtension) and angular group size.
Handgun and paper target showing grouping of ten shots
A grouping made with a five-shot revolver
Eight-shot grouping
Multiple shots from a semi-automatic handgun
Arrow grouping with fairly consistent results but slightly off center

In shotgun shooting, the grouping is also called the pattern or "spread".

Mossberg 590A1 in 12 gauge with heat shield and bayonet lug

Mossberg 500

Mossberg 590A1 in 12 gauge with heat shield and bayonet lug
A paratrooper from the 503rd Infantry Regiment uses an M500 to open a door during a training exercise in Italy, 2014.
Mossberg 590 with 20 in barrel
United States Marines train with M500 shotguns
Mossberg 500 Bantam, with 24 in barrel. Note shorter stock and forend than standard model at top.
Mossberg 500 with 18.5 in cylinder bore barrel installed, and a 24 in cylinder bore barrel with rifle sights. (Cylinder bore means lacking any choke.)
Mossberg 590A1 Tactical, 12 Ga, 6-shot, 18.5" barrel, tactical light, and collapsible stock
Model 500 Law enforcement combo with red-dot sight
M7 bayonet mounted on a Mossberg 590A1
A U.S. soldier in Ar Ramadi, Iraq in 2004 armed with a Mossberg 500.

The Mossberg 500 (M500) is a series of pump action shotguns manufactured by O.F. Mossberg & Sons.

Clockwise from top left: U.S. combat operations in Ia Đrăng

ARVN Rangers defending Saigon during the 1968 Tết Offensive

Two A-4C Skyhawks after the Gulf of Tonkin incident

ARVN recapture Quảng Trị during the 1972 Easter Offensive

Civilians fleeing the 1972 Battle of Quảng Trị

Burial of 300 victims of the 1968 Huế Massacre

Vietnam War

Conflict in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.

Conflict in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.

Clockwise from top left: U.S. combat operations in Ia Đrăng

ARVN Rangers defending Saigon during the 1968 Tết Offensive

Two A-4C Skyhawks after the Gulf of Tonkin incident

ARVN recapture Quảng Trị during the 1972 Easter Offensive

Civilians fleeing the 1972 Battle of Quảng Trị

Burial of 300 victims of the 1968 Huế Massacre
The Geneva Conference, 1954
Ba Cut in Can Tho Military Court 1956, commander of religious movement the Hòa Hảo, which had fought against the Việt Minh, Vietnamese National Army and Cao Dai movement throughout the first war
Map of insurgency and "disturbances", 1957 to 1960
U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower and Secretary of State John Foster Dulles greet President Ngô Đình Diệm of South Vietnam in Washington, 8 May 1957
The Ho Chi Minh trail, known as the Truong Son Road by the North Vietnamese, cuts through Laos. This would develop into a complex logistical system which would allow the North Vietnamese to maintain the war effort despite the largest aerial bombardment campaign in history
The Ho Chi Minh trail required, on average, four months of rough-terrain travel for combatants from North Vietnam destined for the Southern battlefields.
President Kennedy's news conference of 23 March 1961
South Vietnam, Military Regions, 1967
Kennedy and McNamara
ARVN forces capture a Viet Cong
Ngô Đình Diệm after being shot and killed in a coup on 2 November 1963
Viet Cong fighters crossing a river
A U.S. B-66 Destroyer and four F-105 Thunderchiefs dropping bombs on North Vietnam during Operation Rolling Thunder
ARVN Forces and a US Advisor inspect a downed helicopter, Battle of Dong Xoai, June 1965
A Marine from 1st Battalion, 3rd Marines, moves a suspected Viet Cong during a search and clear operation held by the battalion 15 mi west of Da Nang Air Base, 1965.
Peasants suspected of being Viet Cong under detention of U.S. Army, 1966
Heavily bandaged woman burned by napalm, with a tag attached to her arm which reads "VNC Female" meaning Vietnamese civilian
A US "tunnel rat" soldier prepares to enter a Viet Cong tunnel.
Viet Cong soldier crouches in a bunker with an SKS rifle
ARVN forces assault a stronghold in the Mekong Delta.
Viet Cong before departing to participate in the Tet Offensive around Saigon-Gia Dinh
North Vietnamese regular army forces
The ruins of a section of Saigon, in the Cholon neighborhood, following fierce fighting between ARVN forces and Viet Cong Main Force battalions
Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin with U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson at the Glassboro Summit Conference where the two representatives discussed the possibilities of a peace settlement
Propaganda leaflet urging the defection of Viet Cong and North Vietnamese to the side of the Republic of Vietnam
ARVN and US Special Forces, September 1968
An alleged Viet Cong captured during an attack on an American outpost near the Cambodian border is interrogated.
Pathet Lao soldiers in Vientiane, 1972
Soviet advisers inspecting the debris of a B-52 downed in the vicinity of Hanoi
American POWs recently released from North Vietnamese prison camps, 1973
Civilians in a NVA/Viet Cong controlled zone. Civilians were required to show appropriate flags, during the War of the flags
Memorial commemorating the 1974 Buon Me Thuot campaign, depicting a Montagnard of the Central Highlands, a NVA soldier and a T-54 tank
The capture of Hue, March 1975
Victorious PAVN troops at the Presidential Palace, Saigon
Anti-war demonstration in the US, 1967
Ho Chi Minh from the Việt Minh independence movement and Việt Cộng with East German sailors in Stralsund harbour, 1957
Leonid Brezhnev (left) was the Soviet Union's leader during the Vietnam War.
Soviet anti-air instructors and North Vietnamese crewmen in the spring of 1965 at an anti-aircraft training center in Vietnam
Vietnam People's Air Force pilots walk by their aircraft, the MiG-17. The development of the North Vietnamese Vietnam People's Air Force (VPAF) during the war was assisted by Warsaw Pact nations throughout the war. Between 1966 and 1972 a total of 17 flying aces was credited by the VPAF against US fighters.
Fidel Castro meeting with Võ Nguyên Giáp at the Vietnam Military History Museum
East German solidarity stamp depicting a Vietnamese mother and child with the text "Unconquerable Vietnam"
The Thai Queen's Cobra battalion in Phuoc Tho
An Australian soldier in Vietnam
Victims of the My Lai massacre
Napalm burn victims during the war being treated at the 67th Combat Support Hospital
Interment of victims of the Huế Massacre
Da Nang, South Vietnam, 1968
A nurse treats a Vietnamese child, 1967
Female Viet Cong guerrilla in combat
Master-Sergeant and pharmacist Do Thi Trinh, part of the WAFC, supplying medication to ARVN dependents
Memorial temple to Nguyễn Thị Định and the female volunteers of the Viet Cong whom she commanded. They came to call themselves the "Long-Haired Army".
A wounded African-American soldier being carried away, 1968
Guerrillas assemble shells and rockets delivered along the Ho Chi Minh Trail.
UH-1D helicopters airlift members of a U.S. infantry regiment, 1966
North Vietnamese SAM crew in front of SA-2 launcher. The Soviet Union provided North Vietnam with considerable anti-air defence around installations.
Bombs being dropped by the B-52 Stratofortress long-range strategic bomber.
B-52 wreckage in Huu Tiep Lake, Hanoi. Downed during Operation Linebacker II, its remains have turned into a war monument.
Vietnamese refugees fleeing Vietnam, 1984
A bombed Buddha statue in Laos. U.S. bombing campaigns made Vietnam the single most bombed country in history.
Captured U.S.-supplied armored vehicles and artillery pieces
A young Marine private waits on the beach during the Marine landing, Da Nang, 3 August 1965
A marine gets his wounds treated during operations in Huế City, in 1968
Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara and General Westmoreland talk with General Tee on conditions of the war in Vietnam.
U.S. helicopter spraying chemical defoliants in the Mekong Delta, South Vietnam, 1969
Handicapped children in Vietnam, most of them victims of Agent Orange, 2004
Cemetery for ten unmarried girls who volunteered for logistical activities, who died in a B-52 raid at Đồng Lộc Junction, a strategic junction along the Ho Chi Minh trail
Stone plaque with photo of the "Thương tiếc" (Mourning Soldier) statue, originally, installed at the Republic of Vietnam National Military Cemetery. The original statue was demolished in April 1975.

During the early stages of the war, the Viet Cong mainly sustained itself with captured arms; these were often of American manufacture or were crude, makeshift weapons used alongside shotguns made of galvanized pipes.